Basil (Rodzianko) of San Francisco
His Grace the Right Reverend Bishop Basil (Rodzianko) of San Francisco was a prominent Orthodox personality through his religious radio programs that were broadcast to the Soviet Union over a period of forty years in the late twentieth century. He also lectured widely about Russian spirituality and Orthodox Christianity.
Born Vladimir Rodzianko on May 22, 1915, Bp. Basil was from a prominent Russian family. He was born on the family estate in Ekaterinoslav in what is now Ukraine. His grandfather, Michael Rodzianko, was the president of the Russian Imperial Duma during the reign of Tsar Nicholas II. In 1919, following the Bolshevik coup, his family emigrated to Serbia in Yugoslavia to escape the communist regime. There, the young Vladimir attended Russian schools. His two interests, as he grew up, were the priesthood and the new technology of radio. He continued his education with a course of study in theology at the University of Belgrade from which he graduated in 1937. Also, in 1937 he married Mary Kolubayev. He then continued post-graduate studies at the University of London.
Returning to Yugoslavia, he was ordained a deacon and then a priest in Serbia in March 1941. Fr. Vladimir served as a priest in a number of villages in northern Yugoslavia until 1949 enduring first the Nazi occupation and then that of the communists. His life was more difficult under the communists and, for preaching about the ungodly government, he was arrested. The charge against him was the crime of promulgating illegal religious propaganda. Sentenced to eight years hard labor, Fr. Vladimir was stripped of his cassock, cross, and beard, and shared the hard prison life with his fellow prisoners, enduring with them a plague of fleas. While forbidden to perform any divine services but with the help of even the non-Orthodox prisoners, who maintained a tight circle around him, he was able to fulfill the requests of the Orthodox prisoners in the "blessing of the waters," literally from the snow that fell on Theophany. He recalled that, on rare occasion, prisoners, probably with the aid of sympathetic guards, supplied him with small amounts bread and wine with which to celebrate the Eucharist.
In 1949, with a change in policies by the Tito government and with the intercession of the Archbishop of Canterbury, Fr. Vladimir was released from prison and reunited with his wife, Mary, and their two sons, Vladimir and Michael. After his release they first traveled to France and then on to England where the family settled. Again functioning as a priest, Fr. Vladimir entered into his passion with radio when he was offered a position broadcasting on the BBC. With the BBC, and other radio facilities, he produced for the next forty years religious programs that were broadcast to the Soviet Union. In the latter part of his broadcasting career, his radio talks were transmitted by the <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/1999/09/24/world/basil-rodzianko-84-bishop-in-orthodox-church.html">Voice of America and Radio Vatican</a>. He also lectured widely on Orthodoxy and was active with the Fellowship of SS. Alban and Sergius.
The effectiveness of his broadcasts made him a target of the Soviet KGB. This attention would bring tragedy to the family when his teenage grandson was killed in an assassination attempt upon Fr. Vladimir's life. This tragedy was followed by the death of his wife, Mary, in 1978.
With the death of his wife, Fr. Vladimir was tonsured a monk in 1979, taking the name Basil. After taking his monastic vows in England, Hieromonk Basil was received by the Orthodox Church in America from the Moscow Patriarchate. Then, on January 12, 1980, after his arrival in the United States, Hieromonk Basil was consecrated Bishop of Washington as auxiliary to Metropolitan Theodosius, the primate of the OCA. In November 1980, Bishop Basil became bishop of the Diocese of San Francisco and West. He served the San Francisco diocese until his retirement on April 25, 1984.
After his retirement Bp. Basil returned to Washington, DC where he again began his religious broadcasts to the Soviet Union. As conditions changed in Russia with the fall of the Bolshevik government Bp. Basil was able to present his broadcasts directly over the Russian radio and television facilities. Then, in May 1991, Patriarch Aleksi asked Bp. Basil to lead a pilgrimage to the Holy Land to bring back to Russia for a celebration commemorating Ss. Cyril and Methodius the holy fire from the tomb of Christ that miraculously ignites each Pascha. Bp. Basil and his pilgrims returned, first stopping in Constantinople for the blessing of the Ecumenical Patriarch, then traveling through the countries of southeastern Europe where SS Cyril and Methodius preached arriving at the Uspensky Sobor (Dormition Cathedral) in the Kremlin. After the Liturgy, the Patriarch with Bp. Basil led through the streets of Moscow a procession that had not been seen in Moscow for over seventy years.
Bp. Basil remained active among the Orthodox of Washington DC, especially of among the new Russian immigrants, until his death on September 17, 1999. He was 84 years old. He was buried with the members of his family at the Novo-Diveeo Monastery Cemetery in Spring Valley, New York.
Basil (Rodzianko) of San Francisco
|Bishop of Washington, D.C.
|Bishop of San Francisco