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An archpriest is a non-monastic priest elevated with an honorific rank, equivalent to the monastic archimandrite, though ranking one position lower.

The term protopresbyter (or protopriest) is equivalent to archpriest in Greek practice, while in Slavic usage, a protopresbyter is a rank separate from and higher than archpriest. There are usuaully only a handful of protopresbyters in a given Slavic national church at any one time.

In Greek practice, archpriests wear a pectoral cross to designate their rank, while in Slavic practice, all priests wear pectoral crosses regardless of rank.