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The '''Archbishop of Canterbury''' is the [[primate]] of the Church of England and the spiritual head of the [[Anglican Communion]].  His see is at Canterbury Cathedral in Kent, England and his residence is Lambeth Palace in London.  The current Archbishop of Canterbury is the Right Honorable and Most Reverend Rowan Williams, 104th successor to the Chair of St. [[Augustine of Canterbury]].
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The '''Archbishop of Canterbury''' is "the [[primate]] of all England" within the Church of England and the spiritual head of the [[Anglican Communion]].  His see is at Canterbury Cathedral in Kent, England and his residence is Lambeth Palace in London.   
  
 
==The current archbishop==
 
==The current archbishop==
Rowan Douglas Williams was born in Wales on [[June 14]], 1950.  He studied theology at Christ's College of Cambridge University where he doctoral work on the [[Church of Russia|Russian Orthodox]] Church and particularly the thought of [[Vladimir Lossky]].  For some years he was a professor of theology at Oxford University.  In 1992 he was elevated to Anglican Bishop of Monmouth, and then in 2000 he was made Anglican Archbishop of Wales.  In 2002 he was elevated to the throne of St. [[Augustine of Canterbury|Augustine]].
+
The current Archbishop of Canterbury is the Right Honorable and Most Reverend Justin Welby, 105th holder of the Chair of St. [[Augustine of Canterbury]].
 +
 
 +
==The previous archbishop==
 +
Rowan Douglas Williams was born in Wales on [[June 14]], 1950.  He studied theology at Christ's College of Cambridge University where he doctoral work on the [[Church of Russia|Russian Orthodox]] Church and particularly the thought of [[Vladimir Lossky]].  For some years he was a professor of theology at Oxford University.  In 1992 he was elevated to Anglican Bishop of Monmouth, and then in 2000 he was made Anglican Archbishop of Wales.  In 2002 he was elevated to Archbishop of Canterbury, from which he retired in 2012.  
  
 
A prolific writer, Dr. Williams has published books in theology, spirituality, Christian history and poetry.  Of particular interest to Orthodox Christians might be two books of meditations on [[iconography|icons]], entitled ''The Dwelling of the Light: Praying With Icons of Christ'' (ISBN 0802827780) and ''Ponder These Things: Praying With Icons of the Virgin'' (ISBN 1580511244).  He is also the editor of the book ''Sergii Bulgakov: Towards a Russian Political Theology'' (ISBN 056708650X).
 
A prolific writer, Dr. Williams has published books in theology, spirituality, Christian history and poetry.  Of particular interest to Orthodox Christians might be two books of meditations on [[iconography|icons]], entitled ''The Dwelling of the Light: Praying With Icons of Christ'' (ISBN 0802827780) and ''Ponder These Things: Praying With Icons of the Virgin'' (ISBN 1580511244).  He is also the editor of the book ''Sergii Bulgakov: Towards a Russian Political Theology'' (ISBN 056708650X).
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Christianity reached England by the middle of the second century.  As St. [[Bede]] relates in his ''[[Ecclesiastical History of the English People]]'', in 156 a British King by the name of Lucius wrote to Eleutherus, bishop of Rome, asking to be made a Christian.  (Bk 1, Chap 4)  With the work of missionaries throughout the first few centuries AD, Christianity spread and took root.   
 
Christianity reached England by the middle of the second century.  As St. [[Bede]] relates in his ''[[Ecclesiastical History of the English People]]'', in 156 a British King by the name of Lucius wrote to Eleutherus, bishop of Rome, asking to be made a Christian.  (Bk 1, Chap 4)  With the work of missionaries throughout the first few centuries AD, Christianity spread and took root.   
  
In 596 Pope [[Gregory the Great]] decided to send a mission to the Anglo-Saxons in the British Isles.  He chose a to send a group of Benedictine monks, under the leadership of St. [[Augustine of Canterbury]] (not to be confused with [[Augustine of Hippo]]).  Augustine and his fellow monks arrived in Kent in 597 and eventually a see city was set up in Canterbury, Augustine being the first Archbishop.  It is said that that when they arrived they were "carrying a silver cross and an image of Jesus Christ painted on a board, which thus became, so far as we know, 'Canterbury's first [[icon]].'" (''Lesser Feasts and Fasts'', p. 252)
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In 596 Pope [[Gregory the Great]] decided to send a mission to the Anglo-Saxons in the British Isles.  He chose a to send a group of [[Rule of St. Benedict|Benedictine]] monks, under the leadership of St. [[Augustine of Canterbury]] (not to be confused with [[Augustine of Hippo]]).  Augustine and his fellow monks arrived in Kent in 597 and eventually a see city was set up in Canterbury, Augustine being the first Archbishop.  It is said that that when they arrived they were "carrying a silver cross and an image of Jesus Christ painted on a board, which thus became, so far as we know, 'Canterbury's first [[icon]].'" (''Lesser Feasts and Fasts'', p. 252)
  
 
With Augustine and those who came after him, the British Isles were slowly put under the authority of the Church of Rome.  As with the rest of the Western Church, this authority increased over the next 500 years.
 
With Augustine and those who came after him, the British Isles were slowly put under the authority of the Church of Rome.  As with the rest of the Western Church, this authority increased over the next 500 years.
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==Archbishops of Canterbury throughout history==
 
==Archbishops of Canterbury throughout history==
 
===Orthodox Archbishops of Canterbury===
 
===Orthodox Archbishops of Canterbury===
*597 St. [[Augustine of Canterbury]]
+
*1. St. [[Augustine of Canterbury]], 597-605
*604 St. [[Laurence of Canterbury]] (aka Laurentius)
+
*2. St. [[Laurence of Canterbury]] (aka Laurentius), 605-619
*619 St. [[Mellitus|Mellitus]]
+
*3. St. [[Mellitus|Mellitus]], 619-624
*624 St. [[Justus|Justus]]
+
*4. St. [[Justus|Justus]], 624-627
*627 St. [[Honorius of Canterbury]]
+
*5. St. [[Honorius of Canterbury]], 627-653
*655 St. [[Deusdedit of Canterbury]]
+
*6. St. [[Deusdedit of Canterbury]], 655-664
*664           ''Vacant''
+
*7. St. [[Theodore of Tarsus]], 668-690
*668 St. [[Theodore of Tarsus]]
+
*8. St. [[Berhtwald]], 693-731
*693 Berhtwald
+
*9. St. [[Tatwine]], 731-734
*731 Tatwine
+
*10. St. [[Nothelm]], 734-740
*735 Nothelm
+
*11. St. [[Cuthbert of Canterbury]], 740-758
*740 St. [[Cuthbert of Canterbury]]
+
*12. St. [[Bregowine]], 759-762
*761 Bregowine
+
*13. Jaenbert, 763-790
*765 Jaenbert
+
*14. Ethelhard, 790-803
*793 Ethelhard
+
*15. Wulfred, 803-829
*805 Wulfred
+
*16. Feologeld, 829-830
*832 Feologeld
+
*17. Ceolnoth, 830-870
*833 Ceolnoth
+
*18. Ethelred of Canterbury, 870-889
*870 [[Ethelred]]
+
*19. Plegmund, 891-923
*890 Plegmund
+
*20. Athelm, 923-925
*914 Athelm
+
*21. Wulfhelm, 928-941
*923 Wulfhelm
+
*22. St. [[Oda of Canterbury]], 941-958
*942 Oda
+
*23. Aelsine, 958-959
*959 Brithelm
+
*24. Brithelm, 959
*959 Aelfsige
+
*25. St. [[Dunstan of Canterbury|Dunstan]], 959-988
*960 St. [[Dunstan of Canterbury|Dunstan]]
+
*26. Ethelgar, 988-989
*c.988 Ethelgar
+
*27. Sigeric, 990-994
*990 Sigeric
+
*28. Aelfric, 995-1005
*995 Aelfric
+
*29. St. [[Alphege]], 1006-1-012
*1005 St. [[Alphege]]
+
*30. Lyfing, 1013-1020
*1013 Lyfing
+
*31. Ethelnoth, 1020-1038
*1020 Ethelnoth
+
*32. Eadsige, 1038-1050
*1038 Eadsige
+
*33. Robert of Jumièges, 1051-1052
*1051 Robert of Jumieges
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*34. Stigand, 1052-1070
*1052 Stigand
 
  
 
===Roman Catholic Archbishops of Canterbury===
 
===Roman Catholic Archbishops of Canterbury===
*1070 Lanfranc
+
*35. Lanfranc, 1070-1089
*1093 Anselm
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*36. Anselm, 1093-1109
*1114 Ralph d'Escures
+
*37. Ralph d'Escures, 1114-1122
*1123 William de Corbeil
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*38. William de Corbeil, 1123-1136
*1139 Theobald
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*39. Theobald, 1139-1161
*1162 Thomas a Becket
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*40. Thomas a Becket, 1162-1170
*1174 Richard of Dover
+
*41. Richard of Dover, 1174-1184
*1184 Baldwin
+
*42. Baldwin, 1185-1190
*1193 Hubert Walter
+
 
*1207 Stephen Langton
+
*43. Hubert Walter, 1193-
*1229 Richard le Grant
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*44. Stephen Langton, 1207-1228
*1234 Edmund of Abingdon
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*45. Richard le Grant, 1229-1231
*1245 Boniface of Savoy
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*46. Edmund of Abingdon, 1233-1240
*1273 Robert Kilwardby
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*47. Boniface of Savoy, 1245-1270
*1279 John Peckham
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*48. Robert Kilwardby, 1273-1278
*1294 Robert Winchelsey
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*49. John Peckham, 1279-1292
*1313 Walter Reynolds
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*50. Robert Winchelsey, 1293-1313
*1328 Simon Meopham
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*51. Walter Reynolds, 1313-1327
*1333 John de Stratford
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*52. Simon Meopham, 1327-1333
*1349 Simon Islip
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*53. John de Stratford, 1333-1348
*1349 Thomas Bradwardine
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*54. Simon Islip, 1349
*1366 Simon Langham
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*55. Thomas Bradwardine, 1349
*1368 William Whittlesey
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*54. Simon Islip,1349-1366  
*1375 Simon Sudbury
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*56. Simon Langham, 1366-1368
*1381 William Courtenay
+
*57. William Whittlesey, 1368-1374
*1396 Thomas Arundel
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*58. Simon Sudbury, 1375-1381
*1398 Roger Walden
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*59. William Courtenay, 1381-1396
*1399 Thomas Arundel (restored)
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*60. Thomas Arundel, 1396-1398
*1414 Henry Chichele
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*61. Roger Walden, 1398-
*1443 John Stafford
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*60. Thomas Arundel (restored), 1399-
*1452 John Kempe
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*62. Henry Chichele, 1414-1443
*1454 Thomas Bourchier
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*63. John Stafford, 1443-1452
*1486 John Morton
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*64. John Kempe, 1452-1454
*1501 Henry Deane
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*65. Thomas Bourchier, 1454-1486
*1503 William Warham
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*66. John Morton, 1486-1500
 +
*67. Henry Deane, 1501-1503
 +
*68. William Warham, 1503-1532
  
 
===Post-Reformation Archbishops of Canterbury===
 
===Post-Reformation Archbishops of Canterbury===
*1533 Thomas Cranmer
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*69. Thomas Cranmer, 1553-1556
*1556 Reginald Pole
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*70. Reginald Pole, 1556-1558
*1559 Matthew Parker
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*71. Matthew Parker, 1559-1575
*1576 Edmund Grindal
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*72. Edmund Grindal, 1575-1583
*1583 John Whitgift
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*73. John Whitgift, 1583-1604
*1604 Richard Bancroft
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*74. Richard Bancroft, 1604-1610
*1611 George Abbot
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*75. George Abbot, 1611-1633
*1633 William Laud
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*76. William Laud, 1633-1645
*1660 William Juxon
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*77. William Juxon, 1660-1663
*1663 Gilbert Sheldon
+
*78. Gilbert Sheldon, 1663-1677
*1678 William Sancroft
+
*79. William Sancroft, 1678-1691
*1691 John Tillotson
+
*80. John Tillotson, 1691-1694
*1695 Thomas Tenison
+
*81. Thomas Tenison, 1694-1715
*1716 William Wake
+
*82. William Wake, 1716-1737
*1737 John Potter
+
*83. John Potter, 1737-1747
*1747 Thomas Herring
+
*84. Thomas Herring, 1747-1757
*1757 Matthew Hutton
+
*85. Matthew Hutton, 1757-1758
*1758 Thomas Secker
+
*86. Thomas Secker, 1758-1768
*1768 Frederick Cornwallis
+
*87. Frederick Cornwallis, 1768-1783
*1783 John Moore
+
*88. John Moore, 1783-1805
*1805 Charles Manners-Sutton
+
*89. Charles Manners-Sutton, 1805-1828
*1828 William Howley
+
*90. William Howley, 1828-1848
*1848 John Bird Sumner
+
*91. John Bird Sumner, 1848-1862
*1862 Charles Thomas Longley
+
*92. Charles Thomas Longley, 1862-1868
*1868 Archibald Campbell Tait
+
*93. Archibald Campbell Tait, 1868-1882
*1883 Edward White Benson
+
*94. Edward White Benson, 1882-1896
*1896 Frederick Temple
+
*95. Frederick Temple, 1896-1902
*1903 Randall Thomas Davidson
+
*96. Randall Thomas Davidson, 1903-1928
*1928 William Cosmo Gordon Lang
+
*97. William Cosmo Gordon Lang, 1928-1942
*1942 William Temple
+
*98. William Temple, 1942-1944
*1945 Geoffrey Francis Fisher
+
*99. Geoffrey Francis Fisher, 1945-1961
*1961 Arthur Michael Ramsey
+
*100. Arthur Michael Ramsey, 1961-1974
*1974 Frederick Donald Coggan
+
*101. Frederick Donald Coggan, 1974-1980
*1980 Robert Alexander Kennedy Runcie
+
*102. Robert Alexander Kennedy Runcie, 1980-1991
*1991 George Leonard Carey
+
*103. George Leonard Carey, 1991-2001
*2002  Rowan Douglas Williams
+
*104. Rowan Douglas Williams, 2002-2012
 +
*105. Justin Welby, 2013-
  
 
==External link==
 
==External link==
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[[Category:Bishops]]
 
[[Category:Bishops]]
 +
[[Category:Bishops of Canterbury|*]]
 
[[Category:Church History]]
 
[[Category:Church History]]
 
[[Category:Non-Orthodox]]
 
[[Category:Non-Orthodox]]

Latest revision as of 21:01, September 29, 2014

The Archbishop of Canterbury is "the primate of all England" within the Church of England and the spiritual head of the Anglican Communion. His see is at Canterbury Cathedral in Kent, England and his residence is Lambeth Palace in London.

The current archbishop

The current Archbishop of Canterbury is the Right Honorable and Most Reverend Justin Welby, 105th holder of the Chair of St. Augustine of Canterbury.

The previous archbishop

Rowan Douglas Williams was born in Wales on June 14, 1950. He studied theology at Christ's College of Cambridge University where he doctoral work on the Russian Orthodox Church and particularly the thought of Vladimir Lossky. For some years he was a professor of theology at Oxford University. In 1992 he was elevated to Anglican Bishop of Monmouth, and then in 2000 he was made Anglican Archbishop of Wales. In 2002 he was elevated to Archbishop of Canterbury, from which he retired in 2012.

A prolific writer, Dr. Williams has published books in theology, spirituality, Christian history and poetry. Of particular interest to Orthodox Christians might be two books of meditations on icons, entitled The Dwelling of the Light: Praying With Icons of Christ (ISBN 0802827780) and Ponder These Things: Praying With Icons of the Virgin (ISBN 1580511244). He is also the editor of the book Sergii Bulgakov: Towards a Russian Political Theology (ISBN 056708650X).

History

Christianity reached England by the middle of the second century. As St. Bede relates in his Ecclesiastical History of the English People, in 156 a British King by the name of Lucius wrote to Eleutherus, bishop of Rome, asking to be made a Christian. (Bk 1, Chap 4) With the work of missionaries throughout the first few centuries AD, Christianity spread and took root.

In 596 Pope Gregory the Great decided to send a mission to the Anglo-Saxons in the British Isles. He chose a to send a group of Benedictine monks, under the leadership of St. Augustine of Canterbury (not to be confused with Augustine of Hippo). Augustine and his fellow monks arrived in Kent in 597 and eventually a see city was set up in Canterbury, Augustine being the first Archbishop. It is said that that when they arrived they were "carrying a silver cross and an image of Jesus Christ painted on a board, which thus became, so far as we know, 'Canterbury's first icon.'" (Lesser Feasts and Fasts, p. 252)

With Augustine and those who came after him, the British Isles were slowly put under the authority of the Church of Rome. As with the rest of the Western Church, this authority increased over the next 500 years.

Up until the time of the Anglican Reformation, the Archbishop of Canterbury was an appointee of the Bishop of Rome. Thus, at the time of the Great Schism the Church in England went along with the Western side of the break, accepting Papal supremacy and the Filioque.

In the 16th century, England, influenced both by political factors and the Continental Reformation, broke away from Rome and became an independent Church. Thus, the list of successive Archbishops of Canterbury, can be categorized according to three groups: Orthodox Archbishops, Roman Catholic Archbishops and Reformation Archbishops (see below).

Archbishops of Canterbury throughout history

Orthodox Archbishops of Canterbury

Roman Catholic Archbishops of Canterbury

  • 35. Lanfranc, 1070-1089
  • 36. Anselm, 1093-1109
  • 37. Ralph d'Escures, 1114-1122
  • 38. William de Corbeil, 1123-1136
  • 39. Theobald, 1139-1161
  • 40. Thomas a Becket, 1162-1170
  • 41. Richard of Dover, 1174-1184
  • 42. Baldwin, 1185-1190
  • 43. Hubert Walter, 1193-
  • 44. Stephen Langton, 1207-1228
  • 45. Richard le Grant, 1229-1231
  • 46. Edmund of Abingdon, 1233-1240
  • 47. Boniface of Savoy, 1245-1270
  • 48. Robert Kilwardby, 1273-1278
  • 49. John Peckham, 1279-1292
  • 50. Robert Winchelsey, 1293-1313
  • 51. Walter Reynolds, 1313-1327
  • 52. Simon Meopham, 1327-1333
  • 53. John de Stratford, 1333-1348
  • 54. Simon Islip, 1349
  • 55. Thomas Bradwardine, 1349
  • 54. Simon Islip,1349-1366
  • 56. Simon Langham, 1366-1368
  • 57. William Whittlesey, 1368-1374
  • 58. Simon Sudbury, 1375-1381
  • 59. William Courtenay, 1381-1396
  • 60. Thomas Arundel, 1396-1398
  • 61. Roger Walden, 1398-
  • 60. Thomas Arundel (restored), 1399-
  • 62. Henry Chichele, 1414-1443
  • 63. John Stafford, 1443-1452
  • 64. John Kempe, 1452-1454
  • 65. Thomas Bourchier, 1454-1486
  • 66. John Morton, 1486-1500
  • 67. Henry Deane, 1501-1503
  • 68. William Warham, 1503-1532

Post-Reformation Archbishops of Canterbury

  • 69. Thomas Cranmer, 1553-1556
  • 70. Reginald Pole, 1556-1558
  • 71. Matthew Parker, 1559-1575
  • 72. Edmund Grindal, 1575-1583
  • 73. John Whitgift, 1583-1604
  • 74. Richard Bancroft, 1604-1610
  • 75. George Abbot, 1611-1633
  • 76. William Laud, 1633-1645
  • 77. William Juxon, 1660-1663
  • 78. Gilbert Sheldon, 1663-1677
  • 79. William Sancroft, 1678-1691
  • 80. John Tillotson, 1691-1694
  • 81. Thomas Tenison, 1694-1715
  • 82. William Wake, 1716-1737
  • 83. John Potter, 1737-1747
  • 84. Thomas Herring, 1747-1757
  • 85. Matthew Hutton, 1757-1758
  • 86. Thomas Secker, 1758-1768
  • 87. Frederick Cornwallis, 1768-1783
  • 88. John Moore, 1783-1805
  • 89. Charles Manners-Sutton, 1805-1828
  • 90. William Howley, 1828-1848
  • 91. John Bird Sumner, 1848-1862
  • 92. Charles Thomas Longley, 1862-1868
  • 93. Archibald Campbell Tait, 1868-1882
  • 94. Edward White Benson, 1882-1896
  • 95. Frederick Temple, 1896-1902
  • 96. Randall Thomas Davidson, 1903-1928
  • 97. William Cosmo Gordon Lang, 1928-1942
  • 98. William Temple, 1942-1944
  • 99. Geoffrey Francis Fisher, 1945-1961
  • 100. Arthur Michael Ramsey, 1961-1974
  • 101. Frederick Donald Coggan, 1974-1980
  • 102. Robert Alexander Kennedy Runcie, 1980-1991
  • 103. George Leonard Carey, 1991-2001
  • 104. Rowan Douglas Williams, 2002-2012
  • 105. Justin Welby, 2013-

External link