Difference between revisions of "Archangel"

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[[Image:Synaxis of the Archangels.jpg|right|frame|[[Synaxis]] of the Archangels]]
The '''Archangels''' are called the great heralds of good news, announcing the great and most glorious. Their service (as St. [[Dionysius the Areopagite]] says) consists in revealing prophecies, knowledge, and understanding of God's will which they receive from the higher orders of [[angels]] and announce to the lower order, i.e., the [[angels]], and through them, to men. St. [[Gregory the Dialogist]] says that the archangels strengthen people in the holy faith, enlightening their minds with the light of knowledge of the holy [[Gospel]] and revealing the mysteries of devout faith.
==Which angels?==
As it is shown in the Book of the Holy [[Prophet Ezekiel]] throughout (compare with the [[Book of Revelation]]), the first four archangels ([[Archangel Michael|Michael]], [[Archangel Gabriel|Gabriel]], [[Archangel Raphael|Raphel]], [[Archangel Uriel|Uriel]]) are the ones that stand in the four corners of The Great Throne of God (the ''Ma'aseh Merkabah''). Together with them stand the four six-winged Living Creatures (''Ayyot''), the four many-eyed [[Cherubim]]—having four arms, four wings and four faces each—and the four many-eyed Wheels (''Ophannim'') or Storm-Winds (''Galgallim''), which Christians, (according to the example of the Great [[Apostle Paul]] and that of his illustrious [[disciple]], St. Dionysius the Areopagite) call [[Thrones]]. These four archangels are the ones that protected the four camps of the people of [[Israel]] in the wilderness: to the North, to the South, to the East and to the West. They are the angels of the four winds, according to the [[Scripture]] that says: "[You] Who maketh his angels spirits [literally, winds]; his ministers a flaming fire" ([[Psalms]] 104:4, KJV).
The ancient rabbis always connected the seven archangels with the seven then known planets: the Sun, the Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, and Saturn; and the [[Church Fathers]] have always thought and taught that God rules this Universe through his Celestial Armies.  There are three (irreducible) lists of these seven archangels.  One comes from the [[Book of Enoch]], (which is accepted as [[canonical]] by the [[Church of Ethiopia|Ethiopian Orthodox Church]], itself representative of the [[Oriental Orthodox]] churches). The second is from the [[tradition]] of the Chalcedonian [[Orthodox Church]] (which, interestingly enough, coincides with that of the [[Gnosticism|Gnostics]], an ancient [[heresy]]). Finally, the third comes from such great Church Fathers as Sts. Dionysius the Areopagite and Gregory the Theologian.
All of these three different lists, however, agree on the names of the first four archangels: Michael, Gabriel, Raphael, Uriel. The remaining three are given as follows:
#From the [[Book of Enoch]] (Jewish, as well as Oriental Orthodox tradition): Raguel; Sarakiel or Saraqael; (Je)Re(h)miel or (Je)Ra(h)miel;
#From the Eastern Orthodox tradition: Barachiel; Salathiel; (Je)Gudiel or (Je)hudiel;
#From the Western tradition: (H)anael or (H)aniel; Jophiel or Cassiel; Zedekiel or Sachiel.
The explanation and translation of all of these names can be seen below, but the Oriental and Eastern traditions have one more archangel in common, namely the sixth, called Selaphiel. Likewise, it's worth noting that the last three archangels of the Eastern tradition represent the three forms, or types, of prayer: blessing, supplication and praise. Also, Zadkiel is one of two standard bearers (along with Zophiel) who follow directly behind the Archangel Michael as the head archangel enters battle.
==Name meanings==
*[[Archangel Michael|Michael]]: "Who is like unto God?" Dan. 10:13; 12:1; Jude v. 9; Rev. 12:7-8.
*[[Archangel Gabriel|Gabriel]] "The Powerful or Strong Man of God," "The Power or Strength of God" Dan. 8:16; 9:21; Luke 1:19-26.  Also called Djibril or Jibril.
*[[Archangel Raphael|Raphael]]: "The Healing of God" Tobit 3:17; 12:15.  Also called Israfel.
*[[Archangel Uriel|Uriel]]: "The Light or Fire of God" A.V. II Esdras 4:1.  Also called Sariel, Suriel, or Muriel.
*[[Archangel Selaphiel|Selaphiel]]: "The Command, Communicant or Prayer of God", since command and prayer represent the two forms, or types, of communication: the first one being descendant and the second ascendant. Also called Salathiel, Selathiel, Seraphiel, Sarakiel, Saraqael, Zarachiel, Zerachiel, or Zachariel.
*[[Archangel Jehudiel|Jehudiel]]: "The Glory, Laudation or Praise of God."  Also called Jegudiel or Gudiel.
*[[Archangel Barachiel|Barachiel]]:  "The Benediction or Blessings of God."  Also called Varachiel.
*[[Archangel Raguel|Raguel]]: "The Friend of God."  Also called Raziel[http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/], which means "The Secrets of God." Not to be confused with Raphael.
*[[Archangel Jeremiel|Jeremiel]]:  "The Compassion, Exaltation or Mercy of God" R.V. II Esdras 4:36.  Also called Jeramiel, Jerahmiel, Jerehmiel, Ramiel, or Remiel.
*[[Archangel Anael|Anael]]: "The Grace or Joy of God."  Also called Aniel, Hanael, or Haniel.
*[[Archangel Jophiel|Jophiel]]: "The Beauty of God."  Also called Orifiel, Jouphiel, Zouphiel, Zophiel, Zophkiel, Zaphiel, Zaphkiel, Kaphziel, Cassiel, or Kepharel.
*[[Archnagel Zadkiel|Zadkiel]]:  "The Justice, Righteousness or Uprightness of God."  Also called Sachiel, Tzadkiel, Zadakiel, Zedekiel, or Zedekul.
*[[Satan|Lucifer/Satan]]:  "The Light-Bearer" or "The Morning-Star" Isaiah 14:12; "The Enemy" Jude 1:9, Revelation 12:9.  Other names for this ''fallen'' archangel (or his companions) are: Azael, Azazel, Azrael, Izrael, Izreel, or Uzziel; Camael, Camiel, Camniel, Cancel, Chamuel, Kemuel, Samael, Shemuel, Simiel, or Zamael; Samiaza; Satanael.
==See also==
*[http://www.sfaturiortodoxe.ro/orthodox/orthodox_advices_angels.htm The Holy Angels]
*[http://www.wikipedia.org Wikipedia, the free Encyclopedia]
*[http://www.newadvent.org/cathen Catholic Encyclopedia]
*[http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com Jewish Encyclopedia]
==External links==
*[http://www.comeandseeicons.com/groups/ati08.htm Icon of the Feast of the Archangels]
*[http://www.comeandseeicons.com/g/mib06.htm Icon of Archangel Gabriel]
*[http://www.comeandseeicons.com/m/inp18.htm Icon of Archangel Michael]
*[http://www.comeandseeicons.com/r/rsb12.htm Icon of Archangel Raphael]
[[Category:Biblical Saints]]

Revision as of 11:13, June 10, 2008