Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of Australia, New Zealand and the Philippines
|Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia and New Zealand|
|Current bishop||Metr. Abp. Paul|
|Headquarters||Sydney, New South Wales, Australia|
|Territory||Australia and New Zealand|
|Liturgical language(s)||Arabic, Church Slavonic, English, Greek, Macedonian, Moldovan, Romanian (others as needed)|
|Musical tradition||Bulgarian, Byzantine, Russian & Znamenny Chant; Russian & Western Choral|
|Calendar||Revised Julian and Julian Calendar (depending on parish)|
|Population estimate||37,490 (2005 internal census of congregants) to 120,000 (2007 Prime Minister's figures of adherents)|
|Official website||Antiochian Archdiocese|
The Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia and New Zealand, with headquarters in Sydney, is an archdiocese of the Church of Antioch. Its current primate is His Eminence Paul (Saliba), Metropolitan Archbishop of Australia and New Zealand.
- Full article: History of Antiochian Orthodoxy in Australasia
The first wave of Syrian (now Lebanese) immigration was in the 1880-1890s, where work was found in hawking and peddling goods in the country areas of the eastern states of Australia. The first place of worship was usually in the state capital cities of Sydney and Melbourne, with a Greek speaking priest who also spoke Arabic and sometimes Russian too. The Antiochian Orthodox faithful took part in the construction of both Surry Hills, Sydney, and Holy Annunciation, Melbourne.
Due to the problems concerning the 1899 election of an Arab Patriarch of Antioch, and the decision of the Church of Constantinople to give jurisdiction of diaspora parishes to the Church of Greece with the sole use of Ecclesiastical Greek, Syrian participation in services halted aside from sacraments.
Up until the founding of an Antiochian Orthodox Diocese, there were three Antiochian Orthodox churches in Australasia: St George, Sydney (founding priest: Fr Nicholas Shehadie, exarch); St Nicholas, Melbourne (founding priest: Archim. Antonious); and St Michael, Dunedin (founding priest: Hmk Nicholas (Manovitch) These churches, founded in the 1920s and 1930s, continued to be the only Antiochian Orthodox parishes in Australasia through the period of the Exarchate.
In 1969, the Church of Antioch sent Archimandrite Gibran (Ramlawey) to Australia as Patriarchal Exarch to find the best way to solve problems caused by two priests having to serve every Antiochian Orthodox in Australia. On his recommendations, the Diocese of Australia and New Zealand was created, and Archimandrite Gibran was elected as Patriarchal Vicar.
Two parishes were created very soon after his arrival - St Nicholas, Punchbowl, NSW was created as a result of Bp Gibran's directive, and St George, Thornbury, Vic. was created as a result of tensions caused by differing waves of immigrants.
The late 1980s saw some growth in parishes. In 1985, a parish was created in Mays Hill, NSW; 1989 saw the first parish committee for a church in Brisbane, Qld.
In 1999, Bp Gibran reposed. The Holy Synod of Antioch, having raised Australia and New Zealand to an Archdiocese, consecrated Archim. Paul (Saliba), the Antiochian Orthodox parish priest of St. George Church in Washington DC, as the Metropolitan Archbishop of the new Archdiocese.
The tenure of Metr. Abp Paul has seen a rapid growth of parishes, clergy and the use of English in the Divine Liturgy of Antiochian Orthodox parishes. From six parishes at his enthronement in late 1999, the total currently (at Feb 2008) stands at approximately 34 parishes or missions and 1 monastery, including three English-language parishes in Sydney, Melbourne and the Gold Coast, served by 42 clergymen, which includes two university chaplains in Melbourne and the first Orthodox military chaplain in Australia.
|This article forms part of the series|
|Orthodoxy in Australia Timeline |
Orthodoxy in New Zealand Timeline
Gk Orthodox Archd. of ANZ
|GOA Aus - Abp Stylianos|
Antiochian - Archim. Basil (Patr. Vicar)
ROCOR - Met Hilarion
Serbian - Bp Irinej
Romanian - Bp Michael
GOM NZ - Met Amphilochios
| Episcopal Assembly of Oceania|
| Antiochian Orthodox |
Greek Orthodox (Aus)
O.L. of Kazan
|Proph. Elias |
St John Mtn
St Sava (Elaine)
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The Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese is a single archdiocese spanning a number of countries. The Archbishop resides in Australia, and there is a Deanery for New Zealand. There are 25 parishes and missions across Australia, 8 parishes and missions in the Deanery of New Zealand, approximately 37,500 active congregants, and approximately 120,000 adherents, in the Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia and New Zealand. The Archdiocese also has one female monastery of St Anna in Victoria, co-founded the multi-jurisdictional Melbourne Institute of Orthodox Christian Studies and runs the St Paul's Theological Course of Studies.
The Antiochian Orthodox Diocese of Australasia (as it was then called) was a founding member of the Standing Conference of Canonical Orthodox Churches in Australia which, according to the Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese, was moribund for a number of years before becoming defunct in 2000.
The Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia and New Zealand was a founding member of Eastern Hierarchs, believing it to be an organisation working towards spreading the love of God throughout the whole mystery of His Church.
- Metropolitan Archbishop Paul (Saliba) of Australia and New Zealand.
Bishops of Australia and New Zealand
- Bishop Gibran (Ramlawey), Patriarchal Vicar of Australia and New Zealand, 1969-1999.
- Metropolitan Archbishop Paul (Saliba), Primate of Australia and New Zealand, 1999-present.