Anthony (Bashir) of New York

From OrthodoxWiki
Revision as of 13:24, June 27, 2005 by Magda (talk | contribs) (general proofing)
Jump to: navigation, search

His Eminence the Most Reverend Anthony (Bashir) Archbishop of New York was the ruling bishop of the North American archdiocese of the Church of Antioch from 1936 to 1966 and successfully led the splintered members associated with the Church of Antioch into an efficient, tightly-knit and financially sound organization. He recognized early the need to introduce English in the American milieu and accept converts into the Church including ordaining many to the priesthood.


Anthony Bashir was born on March 15, 1898, in Douma, Lebanon. He initially studied at the Balamand Orthodox Theological Seminary in Tripoli, Lebanon, then continued his education at the the Law School of Baabda, Lebanon and at the American University of Beirut where he later taught Arabic literature. He was ordained a deacon in 1916 and actively worked for the Church in Lebanon. In 1922 the Patriarch of Antioch sent him to the United States where for the next 13 years he was active organizing societies, building churches, and serving Syrian (Arab) parishes of the "unchurched Syrians in America." In 1923, he was elevated to the rank of Archmandrite.

On April 19, 1934, Bishop Victor Abu-Assaly of New York died. He had been appointed head of the North American archdiocese of the Church of Antioch on September 11, 1924, by the Patriarch of Antioch. Thus, Archmandrite Anthony was to administer those parishes that had been loyal to Bishop Victor until a successor would be named. After 1934, he provided much needed leadership to the dis-associated Syrian communities. His actions were recognized when he was consecrated archbishop in the jurisdiction of the Patriarch of Antioch. He was consecrated at St. Nicholas Cathedral in Brooklyn, New York, by Metropolitan Theodosius of Tyre and Sidon and the Russian Archbishop Vitaly of New Jersey on April 19, 1936. In the ensuing years Archbishop Anthony brought organization and unity to the Antiochian community and pursued reconciliation of the division in the Syrian community created when Samuel David was also consecrated as the Syrian Archbishop of Toledo, Ohio.

He recognized the need for Orthodox cooperation, being instrumental in the organization in 1942 of the Federation of the Primary Jurisdictions of the Orthodox Greek Catholic Churches in the Americas and its re-organization into the more effective Standing Conference of Canonical Orthodox Bishops in the Americas.

He died on February 15, 1966, to be succeeded by Archbishop Philip (Saliba) of New York who has continued his tradition of energetic leadership.

Succession box:
Anthony (Bashir) of New York
Preceded by:
Victor Abu-Assaly
Archbishop of New York
Succeeded by:
Philip (Saliba)
Help with box