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Adam (Philipovsky), Acting Exarch, Archbishop of the Aleutian Islands and North America, was a Russian bishop of the Orthodox Church in the United States during the ecclesiastical chaos of the inter-war era of the 1920s to 1940s. He led a group of parishes whose members were of Galician Carpatho-Russian background. [1]

Little information is available about his life. Adam (Philipovsky) was consecrated bishop of Canada on October 26, 1922 by Bishop Stephen (Dzubay) who was Bishop of Pittsburgh and senior auxiliary to Archbishop Alexander, who had been the ruling bishop of the Russian North American Diocese. Bp. Stephen had acted as the self-proclaimed "acting head" of the diocese, having not recognized Patriarch Tikhon's oral appointment of Metr. Platon as Abp. Alexander's successor.

After the confirmation of Metr. Platon's appointment by Patr. Tikhon, Bishop Adam left the North American Diocese and headed an independent "diocese" of Carpatho-Russian communities consisting mainly of parishes in the northeastern United States. In 1925, he was involved in the "ownership" disputes over the Russian Cathedral of St. Nicholas on ninety-seventh Street in New York City. [2]

In 1935 Abp. Adam rejoined the North American Diocese as an auxiliary under Metr. Theophilus. During the latter part of the 1930s he was involved in the clergy dispute at the Holy Trinity Church in Yonkers, New York that was finally settled in 1940 with the New York Courts recognition of the legitimacy of the North American Diocese and of Metr. Theophilus' election as ruling bishop. [3] In 1943, Bp. Adam joined the Moscow patriarchal exarchate under Bp. Benjamin. The 1956 edition of the Yearbook of American Churches [4] lists Archbishop Adam Philipovsky as the "Officer" of the Russian Orthodox Catholic Church, Archdiocese of the Aleutian Islands and North America.

Bp. Adam is credited with writing a Russian language play, titled Maxim Sandovich, in 1931, about the martyred Priest St. Maxim Sandovich in Carpatho-Russia. [5]


  1. [[1]] Holy Trinity Orthodox Church History
  2. [[2]] New York Times article - Aug 3, 1925
  3. [[3]] Chap. 4 The Storm Clouds Burst 1930-1940
  4. [[4]] Edition for 1956, National Council of the Churches of Christ in the U.S.A, 297 Fourth Avenue, New York 10, N. Y.
  5. [[5]] World Academy of Rusyn Culture, Elaine Rusinko - United States.


  • [Orthodox America 1794-1976 Development of the Orthodox Church in America, C. J. Tarasar, Gen. Ed. 1975, The Orthodox Church in America, Syosett, New York, p183]
  • [6]] Chap. 4 The Storm Clouds Burst 1930-1940]

External links