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Subdeacon

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A '''subdeacon''' (or sub-deacon, sometimes 'hypodeacon') is the highest of the [[minor orders]] of [[clergy]] in the Church. This is a sub-clerical order which is higher than the , between [[reader]] and lower than the [[deacon]]. It is an order that is at it's its fullest when serving with a [[bishop]] during hierarchical services. In common practise, an [[acolyte]] or [[reader]] can be blessed to act as a subdeacon during services.
==Ordination==
The bishop blesses the ordinand three times with the sign of the Cross upon his head, then lays his right hand upon the ordinand's head and prays the prayer of ordination. The new subdeacon kisses the bishop's right hand and makes a prostration before the bishop, after which the more senior subdeacons drape a towel over his shoulders and present him with a ewer and basin, with which he washes the bishop's hands after the usual manner. The bishop dries his hands and the three subdeacons receive the bishop's blessing and kiss his hands.
The senior subdeacons return to the altar while the new subdeacon, still holding the ewer and basin, stands on the [[soleas|solea]], facing the icon of the Mother of God and saying particular prayers quietly. The Sixth Hour is completed and the Divine Liturgy continues as usual. The subdeacon remains on the solea until the [[Cherubikon]], when he and two senior subdeacons wash the bishop's hands as usual.
At the Great Entrance, the new subdeacon joins on the very end of the procession, carrying the ewer and basin and, after the commemorations, takes the blessed water to the people so that they may bless themselves with it. He returns to his place on the solea until the end of the [[Anaphora]], when he re-enters the altar, lays the ewer and basin aside, and joins the other subdeacons.
On occasions when there the day that a subdeacon is a shortage of altar serversordained, the newly-ordained subdeacon he may be required to serve at the Liturgy(particularly if there is a shortage of altar servers). In this case, in which case the taking of the blessed water to the people may be omitted, and he may be asked not to stay on the solea but rather to assist with serving duties in the altar and at the entrances. This will depend on jurisdictional preferences. ===Vestments===All degrees of clergy wear the [[sticharion]]. The sticharion is a long-sleeved tunic that reaches all the way to the ground. It reminds the wearer that the grace of the Holy Spirit covers him as with a garment of salvation and joy. In addition to this, a subdeacon will also wear an [[orarion]], representing the grace of the Holy Spirit. The orarion will be tied around his waist, up over his shoulders (forming an X-shaped cross in back), and with the ends hanging down in front, tucked under the section around the waist in an X-shaped cross. In jurisdictions where acolytes are able to wear orarions, they are distinct from subdeacons in that an acolytes orarion hangs straight down in front.
==Duties==
:*Carrying the bishop's staff
:*Presenting the bishop with the [[dikiri]] and [[trikiri]]
:*Placing [[Orlets|eagle rugs]] on the floor
:*Operating the veil and the curtain of the Royal Doors
:*Other duties that the bishop may assign
* Other duties that the priest may assign
As a member of minor clergy, a reader subdeacon - according to his abilities - might be entrusted with the duties of:
* Cantor
* Catechist
Subdeacons, like readers, are permitted to wear a [[cassock]], although many do so only when attending services; this is done as a sign of his suppression of his own tastes, will and desires, and his canonical obedience to God, his bishop and the liturgical and canonical norms of the Church. In jurisdictions that utilise clergy shirts, subdeacons may wear a clergy shirt without a collar.
During servicesIn addition, to perform his duties in the care of the altar, a subdeacon is vested in a able to touch the table of oblation and the altar when necessary; though, he is not able to move between the [[sticharionAltar]] with an and the [[orarionHoly Doors]] tied around his waist, up over his shoulders (forming an X-shaped cross in back), and with the ends hanging down in front, tucked under the section around the waist in an X-shaped cross. In jurisdictions where acolytes are able to wear orarions, they are distinct from subdeacons in that an acolytes orarion hangs straight down in front.
When ==Contemporary practise==In the common event that there is no bishop present, a subdeacon will take the role of acolyte, assisting the priest during religious services in the [[altar]]. The only exception to this being that a subdeacon is able to touch the table of oblation and the altar when necessary, though he is not able to move between the [[Altar]] and the [[Holy Doors]].
==Contemporary practise==
In some jurisdictions, a seminarian who has discerned that he does not have a calling to pastoral service can be ordained to the subdiaconate.
Subdeacons are mentioned in canons with age restrictions (of 20 years of age) and prohibitions on marriage after ordinations (like deacons and priests) - e.g., Apostolic canon 26 - resulting in subdeacons who are generally mature men. A variety of methods of 'getting around' the dealing with these canons have been employed, from blessing including:* Blessing acolytes or readers to vest and act as a subdeacon (for a particular service temporarily or permanently), :* This causes a new distinction between a 'blessed subdeacon' and an 'ordained subdeacon'. It should be noted that a 'blessed subdeacon' may not touch the altar or for reserving assume other perogatives of ordained subdeacons outside services.* Reserving the formal ordination service to candidates to for the priesthood, or for simply diaconate* Simply ignoring the canons and permitting subdeacons to marry.  === Etiquette ===For formal occasions (for example, in the heading of a letter or when introducing a speaker), one would politely address or refer to a subdeacon as "Subdeacon [John Smith]." HoweverIn informal settings, for example, in normal conversation, it should be noted that is appropriate to simply refer to a 'blessed' subdeacon may not touch by his first name. Sacramentally, all subdeacons are equal; if there are multiple subdeacons, they are ranked and serve by seniority according to the altar or assume other perogatives date of ordained their ordination. Additionally, it is not appropriate to kiss a subdeacons outside serviceshand - this is done for bishops and priests (and in some traditions, deacons).
==Source==
*[http://www.saintelias.com/ca/etiquette/frwho.php Who's Who? in Church Services]
*[http://images.google.com/images?q=orthodox+subdeacon orthodox subdeacon - Google Image Search]
*[http://goarch.org/chapel/liturgical_texts/ordination-subdiaconate-en Ordination text] tweaked for the Byzantine tradition.
[[Category:Clergy]]
[[mk:Ипоѓакон]]
[[ro:Subdiacon]]
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