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Jacob of Serugh

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{{Oriental}}
[[Image:St Jacob Of Sarug.jpg|right|thumb|St Jacob Of Sarug.]]'''Jacob of Serugh''' (Syriac: ܝܥܩܘܒ ܣܪܘܓܝܐ, Yaʿqûḇ Srûḡāyâ; 451 - November 521), one of the best Syriac authors, also spelt ''Serug'' or ''Sarug'', named by one of his biographers "the flute of the Holy Spirit and the harp of the believing [[church]]," was born at Kurtam, a village on the Euphrates to the west of Harran, and was probably educated at Edessa.
At an early age he attracted the attention of his countrymen by his piety and his literary gifts, and entered on the composition of the long series of metrical homilies on religious themes which formed the great work of his life. Having been [[ordination|ordained]] to the [[priest]]hood, he became periodeutes or episcopal visitor of IJaura, in Sërugh, not far from his birthplace. His tenure in this office extended over a time of great trouble to the Christian population of Mesopotamia, due to the fierce war carried on by Kavadh II of Persia within the Roman borders. When on [[January 10]], 503 Amid was captured by the Persians after a three months' siege and all its citizens put to the sword or carried off as captives. A panic seized the whole district, and the Christian inhabitants of many neighbouring cities planned to leave their homes and flee to the west of the Euphrates. They were recalled to a more courageous frame of mind by the letters of Jacob In 519. At the age of 68, Jacob was consecrated [[bishop]] of Batnan, another town in the district of Serugh, but he only lived until November 521.
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