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Life-Giving Spring

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[[Image:Life_Giving_SpringTheotokos the Life-Giving Font.jpg|thumb|right|An icon Icon of the Panagia Theotokos the Life -Giving Spring, from Messinias (Pilos, Greece)Font. 17th c.]]:''This article is about the [[Image:Processionfeast day]] of the Life-Feast Giving Spring. For the historic monastery see [[Church of Zoodohos Pigithe Life-Arcadia,Greece-1950sGiving Font of the Theotokos (Istanbul)]].jpg|thumb|right|Procession on ''The '''Life-Giving Spring''' or '''Life-Giving [[Font]]''' of the [[Theotokos|Mother of God]] (Greek: Ζωοδόχος Πηγή; Russian: Живоносный Источник) is a [[feast day]] in the Orthodox Church that is associated with [[Church of Panagia the Life-giving Giving Font in of the village Theotokos (Istanbul)|a historic church]] just west of Kastri, Constantinople in [[w:ArcadiaBalıklı, Istanbul|ArcadiaValoukli]], Greece, ca.1959, on as well as an icon of the [[w:Bright Friday|Bright FridayTheotokos]].]]
The [[Panagiafeast day]] of the '''Life-Giving Spring''' or '''Life-Giving Font''' (in Greek: Ζωοδόχος Πηγή) is both commemorated on [[w:Easter Friday|Bright Friday]] of each year (the Friday following [[Pascha]]), being the only feast daywhich may be celebrated during [[Bright Week]] , while the commemoration of a historic church just west of Constantinople in the Life-Giving Spring ''[[w:Balıklı, Istanbul|ValoukliIcon]], and an icon '' of the Most Holy [[Theotokos]] (Virgin Mary) which is venerated by the Orthodox Church, commemorated observed on [[Bright Week|Bright FridayApril 4]] of each year.
==Story Revelation of the Life-Giving Spring==[[Image:Saint Mary Of The image in Spring.jpg|right|thumb|The [[w:Holy well|Holy well]] (Hagiasma) of the icon includes Church of the Virgin Mary with her child standing within a stone chalice that presumably represents the living water which is ChristLife Giving Font (Istanbul). This "living water" is contained in ]][[Image:Procession-Feast of Zoodohos Pigi-Arcadia,Greece-1950s.jpg|thumb|right|Procession on the cross which all who follow him must bear as he did[[feast day]] of the Life-giving Spring, [[w:Bright Friday|Bright Friday]] 1959, [[w:Arcadia|Arcadia]], Greece. In ]]There are two accounts extant concerning the early Churchrevelation of the Life-Giving Font just outside the City of Constantinople. It is likely that in either case, before the baptismal font 5th-6th century monastery was actually erected, a shrine was already in the form existence with a [[w:Spring (hydrosphere)|spring of water]], near a cross just like the cross grove of this icon trees, and was dedicated to the Christians would enter in [[Theotokos]] from early times. Over time, the base of the cross grove had become overgrown and come out at the top, and then respring became fetid.<ref>Archpriest Feodor S. Kovalchuk. ''Wonder-enter from the left Working Icons of the cross and come out on the right of the cross; then the priestTheotokos.'' Youngstown OH: Central Satates Deanery, who would be standing in the middle of the cross1985. pp.67–70.</baptismal font, would commune them.ref><br>
During the reign of Emperor Marcian (d. 457), a blind man had lost his way and the famous warrior, Leo Marcellus, passing by, helped him. As he went to search for some water to refresh the exhausted man, he heard a voice directing him to the spring.'''Nicephorus Callistus'''<br>
In ConstantinopleThe traditional account is recorded by [[Nikephoros Kallistos|Nikephoros Kallistos Xanthopoulos]], sometime in the 5th centurylast of the Greek ecclesiastical historians, there was who flourished around 1320. This tradition begins with a garden miracle that occurred involving a soldier named Leo Marcellus, who would later become the Byzantine Emperor [[Leo I (emperor)|Leo I the Thracian]] (457-474). While Leo was dedicated on his way to Constantinople he encountered a blind man near the Virgin Mother of God[[w:Walls_of_Constantinople#Golden_Gate_and_the_Yedikule_Fortress|Golden Gate]] who was thirsty. In Though he agreed to search for water, he was unable to find any. A female voice was then heard who told the garden future Emperor that there was a spring water nearby. Looking about, he could see no one, and neither could he see any water. Then he heard the voice again::"Emperor Leo, go into the deepest part of the woods, and you will find water there. Take some of the cloudy water in your hands and give it was wellto the blind man to drink. Then take the clay and put it on his eyes. Then you shall know who I am."<ref name="OCA">OCA -known for its miraclesFeasts and Saints. In its history, ''[http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsLife.asp?FSID=32 Bright Friday. The Life Giving Spring of the fountain Mother of God].''</ref>The same voice added that she had been destroyed chosen that very place to be worshiped and prophesied that he would one day receive the crown to the empire. Leo followed her order and then rebuilt on many occasions, at once the request of blind man recovered his eyesight. After his accession to the Virgin Motherthrone, the Emperor erected a magnificent church on this place, and the water continued to work miraculous cures. Therefore, it was called "The Life-Giving Spring."
In the 15th century, the city of Constantinople fell into the hands of the Muslims. The Church of the Life-giving Spring was destroyed, and its building materials were used to construct a mosque for Sultan Bayazet. The church site was covered with earth and crushed stone, so that the very foundations of the church disappeared from sight. The beautiful surrounding areas were turned into a Muslim cemetery. A Turkish sentinel, placed at the ruins of the church, forbade Christians not only to gather at the site, but even to approach there. '''Procopius'''<br>
Little A second account is given by little, the strictness prominent Byzantine scholar [[w:Procopius|Procopius of Caesarea]] (flourishing ca.500-565).<ref group="note">The 11th century Byzantine historian [[w:George Kedrenos|George Cedrenus]] also mentions this ban easedversion.</ref> In this version, and Christians were permitted to build the Emperor [[Justinian]] was out hunting when he came upon a small church there. However[[chapel]] in a beautiful wooded area, surrounded by a large crowd of people and a priest in 1821front of a spring. Inquiring about this site, it he was destroyed as welltold that this was the “source of miracles”. He at once ordered that a magnificent church be built there, and utilizing materials that had remained after the spring itself was filled erection of the [[Hagia Sophia (Constantinople)|Hagia Sophia]].<ref name="JANIN">Raymond Janin (inFrench). Once again Christians cleaned up ''La Géographie ecclésiastique de l'Empire byzantin. 1. Part: Le Siège de Constantinople et le Patriarcat Oecuménique. 3rd Vol.: Les Églises et les Monastères.'' Paris: Institut Français d'Etudes Byzantines. 1953. p.232-37.</ref> The church was erected in the ruinslast years of his reign, reopened the spring, and once again drew water from itca. Even upon these shards of 559-560, near the former magnificent holy structurespring.<ref group="note">In this context, "Holy Spring/Holy Font/Holy Source" becomes synonymous with the TheotokosGreek: ἁγίασμα, as before, granted hearings through her grace''hagiasma''; Lit. Later, among : 'sanctuary'.</ref> After the broken pieces in one erection of the windows was found, already half-rotted away through time and dampnesssanctuary, a panel on which were recorded ten miracles which occurred at the Life-giving Spring during Gate that was situated outside the period 1824[[w:Walls_of_Constantinople#Theodosian_Walls|walls of Theodosius II]] was named by the Byzantines ''Gate of the Spring'' (Greek: Πύλη τῆς Πηγῆς).<ref>Wolfgang Müller-1829Wiener (in German). ''Bildlexikon zur Topographie Istanbuls: Byzantion, Konstantinupolis, Istanbul bis zum Beginn d. 17 Jh..'' Tübingen: Wasmuth, 1977. pp.416. </ref>
During the reign ==The Icon==[[Image:Panagia Argokiliotissa.JPG|thumb|right|Greek icon of Sultan Mahmoud, the Orthodox received a measure of freedom to conduct religious services. They used it to erect, for the third time, a church above Theotokos the Life-giving Spring. In 1835, with great pomp("Panagia Argokiliotissa", Naxos).]]The icon representing the Ecumenical Patriarch ConstantineVirgin of the Spring shows the Virgin blessing and embracing the Child. She is surrounded by two angels, celebrating with 20 bishops and an enormous flood is sitting on the more elevated of two basins, presumably representing the faithful"living water" which is [[Christ]].<ref group="note">This living water is contained in the [[Cross]] which must be born by all those who follow Him, consecrated just as He did.</ref> The living water from the church more elevated basin flows into a larger marble basin below, which stands to this dayis in the shape of a [[cross]]. Nearby <ref group="note">In the early Church, the baptismal font was built actually in the form of a hospital and alms-housecross, just like the cross depicted in this icon. Even Christians would enter from the Muslims spoke with great respect base of the Life-giving Springcross and come out at the top, and then re-enter from the left of the Theotokoscross and come out on the right of the cross; then the priest, who through it pours out her grace-filled powerwould be standing in the middle of the cross/baptismal font, would commune them. </ref>  In one version of the icon that was found on Naxos island, Greece,<ref group="Great among women Holy Marynote" is how they refer >Icon of "Panagia Argokiliotissa", from Naxos island, Greece (Greek: Παναγία η Αργοκοιλιώτισσα - Νάξος).</ref> some differences are shown with respect to the Most Holy Virginancient type. The water from Around the Lifecross-giving Spring they call shaped basin stands the "water Emperor with his guard, while on the right is the Patriarch with his bishops. In the background, is represented Leo I with the blind man, and the walls of Holy Marythe City. Under the basin a paralytic and a madman are healed with the spring’s water."
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The fish in this pool, it is said, are descended from the fishes that miraculously jumped out of the frying-pan and into this spring ... (NOTE - research to find this story in more detail).
--->
==ChurchesHymn==*In Orthodox hymnography, the ''Theotokos'' is frequently compared with a ''Holy Fountain''. The hymns and prayers of the feast are combined with the Paschal hymns, and there is often a Lesser [http[Holy water|Blessing of Waters]] performed after the [[Divine Liturgy]] on [[w://wwwEaster Friday|Bright Friday]].zoodohospigi.gr/ In old [[Church of Russia|Russia]], continuing Greek traditions, there was a custom to sanctify springs that were located near churches, dedicate them to the [[Theotokos|Holy Mother]], and paint icons of her under [[Theotokonymia|the title]] ''The Life-Giving Spring] Acadimias, Athens*''.<ref>Kristina Kondratieva (Global Art Communications project). ''[http://www.theotokos-lifegiving-springiconkuznetsov.orgcom/ Theotokos of the index.php?sid=341&did=264&lang=eng Panagia The Life-Giving Spring Russian Orthodox Mission] .'' Yuriy Kuznetsov: Icons of the XXI Century. Accessed: 2011- Bryan, Texas05-19.</ref>
==Monasteries==
Many monasteries bear the same name.
*Original monastery in Constantinople[[Troparion|Apolytikion]] (Tone 3)<ref name="OMHKSEA">[[Orthodox Metropolitanate of Hong Kong and Southeast Asia]].*''[http://www.malfomhksea.netorg/spring.htm Monastery of the Theotokos the Life2011/05/bright-Giving Springfriday/ Bright Friday] .'' Accessed: 2011- Dunlap, California09-28.</ref>
==Hymnography==In Orthodox hymnography:As a life-giving fount, thou didst conceive the ''Theotokos'' Dew that is frequently compared transcendent in essence, :O Virgin Maid, and thou hast welled forth for our sakes the nectar of joy eternal, :which doth pour forth from thy fount with a ''Holy Fountain''.the water that springeth up ==Hymn==:unto everlasting life in unending and mighty streams; [[Kontakion]] ([[Tone]] 8) [http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsLifewherein, taking delight, we all cry out: :Rejoice, O thou Spring of life for all men.asp?FSID=32]
 [[Kontakion]] (Plagal of Tone 4)<ref name="OMHKSEA"/>:O most favored Lady graced by God, :You confer on you reward me by letting gush forth, beyond reason, :the healing ever-flowing waters of your grace from your inexhaustible perpetual Spring. :Therefore, since I entreat you gave birth incomprehensibly to , who bore the WordLogos, in a manner beyond comprehension, :I implore you to refresh me with the dew of in your grace that I might may cry to you: out, :Hail, O Water of salvation“Hail redemptive waters.
==See also==
*[[Church of the Life-Giving Font of the Theotokos (Istanbul)]]
*[[Holy water]]
*[[Panagia Blachernitissa]]
*[[Life-giving Fount of the Theotokos]]
==Notes==<references group="note" /> ==References== <div><references/></div> ==External linklinks=='''Wikipedia'''*[[w:Life-giving Spring|Life-giving Spring]] at Wikipedia.*[[w:Church of St. Mary of the Spring (Istanbul)|Church of St. Mary of the Spring (Istanbul)]].*[[w:Holy well|Holy well]]'''Other'''*[http://iconreader.wordpress.com/2011/04/28/theotokos-of-the-life-giving-spring/ Gallery of Life-Giving Spring Icons]
*[http://www.mgr.org/TheVeil.html The Miracle of The Veil] in Constantinople 911 AD.
*[http://www.orthodox.net/questions/bright_week_1.html#a5 Question 5. "What feast is celebrated Bright Friday?"], St Nicholas Russian Orthodox Church, Dallas Texas.
'''Greek Wikipedia'''
*[http://el.wikipedia.org/wiki/%CE%96%CF%89%CE%BF%CE%B4%CF%8C%CF%87%CE%BF%CF%82_%CE%A0%CE%B7%CE%B3%CE%AE_%CF%84%CE%BF%CF%85_%CE%9C%CF%80%CE%B1%CE%BB%CE%BF%CF%85%CE%BA%CE%BB%CE%AE Ζωοδόχος Πηγή του Μπαλουκλή]
'''Russian Orthodox Encyclopedia'''
*[http://www.pravenc.ru/text/182259.html «ЖИВОНОСНЫЙ ИСТОЧНИК»]. Православная Энциклопедия.
[[Category:Feasts]]
[[Category:About Icons]]
[[Category:Icons of the Theotokos]]
[[Category:Theotokonymia]]
 [[Categoryro:MonasteriesIzvorul Tămăduirii]]
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