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ROCOR and OCA

2,483 bytes added, 21:48, December 5, 2012
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1935-1946: Reintegration: Updated two links to oca.org.
However, on the OCA website in the section regarding the [[All-American Sobor#Sixth All-American Sobor|6th All-American Sobor]] of 1937 in New York, the claim is made that the ROCOR actually was made part of the Metropolia, confirming a 1935 agreement made in Serbia between the Metropolia's primate and the ROCOR synod:
:Moreover, Metropolitan THEOPHILUS had traveled to Serbia where, under the leadership of the Serbian Patriarch, an agreement was signed by the leading hierarchs of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia (ROCOR) along with other exiled Russian hierarchs throughout the world forging a peaceful coexistence. Under this agreement, the American Church was to retain her administrative autonomy while maintaining close relations with the ROCOR Synod and being accountable to it only in matters of faith. The parallel jurisdictions of the Metropolia and ROCOR were thus eliminated and the four ROCOR hierarchs in North America along with their clergy and parishes were integrated into the Metropolia. The vote of the Sixth Sobor on this loose affiliation with the ROCOR was as follows: 105 for, 9 against, 122 abstentions. The large number of abstentions reveals that there was much apprehension on this issue at the council. However, in approving the matter, the council delegates showed respect and obedience to Metropolitan THEOPHILUS' primatial leadership.[http://www.oca.org/dochistory-archives/aacs/the-aas6th-06all-synopsis.asp?SID=8american-sobor]
{{orthodoxyinamerica}}
The website then goes on to describe this "integration" as merely a "loose affiliation," which seems to contradict the notion that the two bodies were truly integrated, eliminating "parallel jurisdictions" and making the Metropolia accountable to the ROCOR in matters of faith. On another portion of the website, regarding the [[All-American Sobor#Seventh All-American Sobor|7th All-American Sobor]] in 1946, the relationship then being severed with the ROCOR is described as having been a "temporary arrangement"[http://www.oca.org/dochistory-archives/aacs/the-aas7th-07all-synopsis.asp?SID=8american-sobor].
The nature of the association between the Metropolia and the ROCOR is characterized quite differently by ROCOR writers:
Since the election of Metropolitan [[Laurus (Skurla) of New York]] as First Hierarch of the ROCOR and that body's subsequent ongoing rapprochement with Moscow, signs have appeared of better relations between the OCA and ROCOR. Seminarians studying at OCA seminaries have attended retreats at the ROCOR's [[Holy Trinity Orthodox Seminary (Jordanville, New York)]], and ROCOR seminarians have also participated in [[OISM]] events at OCA seminaries. The first member of the OCA to study at Holy Trinity Seminary, Vitaly Efimenkov, graduated in 2002. It is also worth noting that several graduates of Holy Trinity Seminary, upon receiving their Bachelor of Theology, went on to receive Masters Degrees from [[St. Vladimir's Orthodox Theological Seminary (Crestwood, New York)|St. Vladimir's Seminary]]. The most recent graduate of both Holy Trinity and St. Vladimir's is Andrei Psarev, instructor of Russian Church History at Holy Trinity.
Warmly worded letters from the OCA hierarchy have also been sent to the ROCOR hierarchy.[http://www.oca.org/Docs.asp?ID=49&SID=12] Further, pilgrims from the ROCOR have visited the OCA [[metochion]] in Moscow [http://www.st-catherine.ru/en/news/0118.htm] and Metropolitan Laurus has received representatives of the OCA for informal discussions.[http://www.st-catherine.ru/en/news/0113.htm] Additionally, the OCA's [[chancellor ]] and one of its senior priests have attended a banquet at a ROCOR [[clergy ]] conference.[http://www.orthodoxnews.netfirms.com/53/OCA%20Chancellor.htm]===Parishes concelebrate===
With the reconciliation of the ROCOR with the Moscow Patriarchate in 2007, the ROCOR and the OCA have resumed full communion and clergy of both jurisdictions have [[concelebration|concelebrated]] in multiple areas; one area of note is Seattle, where clergy and communicants of thirteen area parishes concelebrated within a week of the canonical reunification (see this site [http://www.antiochianladiocese.org/pastevents/2007/washing_rocor.htm] for photos).
On October 5, 2010, a two day meeting of the members of the Joint Commission of the Orthodox Church in America and the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia opened at Saint Seraphim Church (ROCOR) in Sea Cliff NY. The Joint Commission met as a result of the directives of the OCA and ROCOR hierarchs to "discuss and resolve issues that have in the past stood in the way of full Eucharistic communion and to come to an understanding of how we can pray and work together in the future, said Archpriest Eric G. Tosi, OCA Secretary." OCA representatives included His Grace, Bishop [[Tikhon (Mollard) of Philadelphia|Tikhon of Philadelphia]] and Eastern Pennsylvania; Archpriests Alexander Garklavs, Leonid Kishkovsky and John Erickson; and Igumen Alexander (Pihach). Mr. Alexis Liberovsky served as a consultant. ROCOR representatives included His Grace, Bishop [[George (Schaefer) of Mayfield|George of Mayfield]]; Archimandrite [[Luke (Murianka)]]; Archpriests Alexander Lebedeff and David Moser; and Priest Peter Jackson. Archpriest Seraphim Gan, ROCOR Chancellor, also was to be present.
===Hierarchs of the OCA and ROCOR concelebrate===
On Saturday, December 10, 2011, at the Synodal Cathedral of the Sign, New York, NY, His Eminence, Metropolitan Hilarion, First Hierarch of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia, and His Beatitude, Metropolitan Jonah, Primate of the Orthodox Church in America, concelebrated the Divine Liturgy for the first time. This was the first time in nearly 70 years that the primates and hierarchs of the OCA and ROCOR have concelebrated. Concelebrating with the Metropolitans was His Eminence, Archbishop [[Justinian (Ovchinnikov) of Naro-Fominsk|Justinian of Naro-Fominsk]], Administrator of the [[Russian Orthodox Church in the USA|Patriarchal Parishes in the USA]].
 
Other concelebrating ROCOR hierarchs were His Eminence, Archbishop [[Mark (Arndt) of Berlin|Mark of Berlin, Germany and Great Britain]]; His Eminence, Archbishop [[Kyrill (Dmitrieff) of San Francisco|Kyrill of San Francisco and Western America]]; His Eminence, Archbishop [[Gabriel (Chemodakov) of Montreal|Gabriel of Montreal and Canada]]; His Grace, Bishop [[Michael (Donskoff) of Geneva|Michael of Geneva and Western Europe]]; His Grace, Bishop [[Peter (Loukianoff) of Cleveland|Peter of Cleveland, Administrator of the Diocese of Chicago and Mid-America]]; His Grace, Bishop [[George (Schaefer) of Mayfield]], Vicar of the Diocese of Eastern America and New York; and His Grace, Bishop [[Jerome (Shaw) of Manhattan|Jerome of Manhattan]], Vicar of the Diocese of Eastern America and New York.
 
OCA Holy Synod hierarchs who concelebrated were His Grace, Bishop [[Benjamin (Peterson) of San Francisco|Benjamin of San Francisco and the West]]; His Grace, Bishop [[Tikhon (Mollard) of Philadelphia|Tikhon of Philadelphia and Eastern Pennsylvania]]; His Grace, Bishop [[Melchisedek (Pleska) of Pittsburgh|Melchisedek of Pittsburgh and Western Pennsylvania]]; His Grace, Bishop [[Michael (Dahulich) of New York|Michael of New York and New Jersey]]; and His Grace, Bishop [[Matthias (Moriak) of Chicago|Matthais of Chicago and the Midwest]].
 
==Timeline of Parish and Monastery Transfers==
*FitzGerald, Thomas E. ''The Orthodox Church''. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 1998.
*Lebedeff, Fr. Alexander. [http://www.orthodoxinfo.com/general/amer_jur.aspx Orthodox Jurisdictions in America]
*Liberovsky, Alexis. [http://www.oca.org/dochistory-aasarchives/aacs/the-044th-synopsis.asp?SID=8 all-american-sobor Synopsis of the 4th All-American Sobor] (1924)*Liberovsky, Alexis. [http://www.oca.org/dochistory-aasarchives/aacs/the-5th-all-05american-synopsis.asp?SID=8 sobor Synopsis of the 5th All-American Sobor] (1934)*Liberovsky, Alexis. [http://www.oca.org/dochistory-aasarchives/aacs/the-6th-all-06american-synopsis.asp?SID=8 sobor Synopsis of the 6th All-American Sobor] (1937)*Liberovsky, Alexis. [http://www.oca.org/dochistory-archives/aacs/the-7th-aasall-07american-synopsis.asp?SID=8 sobor Synopsis of the 7th All-American Sobor] (1946)*Liberovsky, Alexis. [http://www.oca.org/DOChistory-AACarchives/aacs/the-5th-all-05american-synopsis.asp?SID=12 council Synopsis of the 5th All-American Council] (1977)*Matusiak, Fr. John. [http://www.oca.org/QA.asp?ID=49&SID=3 Q&A: OCA and ROCOR]*Matusiak, Fr. John. [http:/questions/www.oca.orgnamerica/QA.asp?ID=50&SID=3 russian-orthodox-church-in-america Q&A: Russian Orthodox Church in America]
*Maximovitch, St. John. [http://www.orthodoxinfo.com/ecumenism/roca_history.aspx History of the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad] (from ''The Orthodox Word'', 1971)
*Moss, Vladimir. [http://uk.geocities.com/guildfordian2002/History/OrthodoxChurch20thCenturyP1.htm ''The Orthodox Church in the Twentieth Century'']
*[[Andrew Phillips|Phillips, Fr. Andrew]]. [http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/ruedaru.htm The Last Days of Rue Daru?], 2005
*Rodzianko, M. [http://www.monasterypress.com/anonftp/pub/Rocatruth.pdf ''The Truth About the Russian Church Abroad''], 1954 (tr. 1975)
*Stokoe, Mark and Kishkovsky, Fr. Leonid. [http://www.oca.org/MVorthchristiansnamericaTOC.asp?SID=1 history-archives/orthodox-christians-na ''Orthodox Christians in North America 1794 - 1994'']
*Surrency, Archim. Serafim. ''The Quest for Orthodox Church Unity in America'', 1973
*Woerl, Michael. [http://www.orthodoxinfo.com/ecumenism/bookrev_woerl.aspx Book Review: A History of the Orthodox Church in America (1917-1934)]
*[http://www.ssppoc.org/news_071210_1.html ROCOR hierarch served Divine Liturgy in an OCA parish] first since the time of the Cleveland Sobor of 1946.
===OCA===
*[http://www.oca.org/QA.asp?ID=49&SID=3 Q&A: OCA and ROCOR]*[http:questions/namerica/www.oca.org/QA.asp?ID=50&SID=3 russian-orthodox-church-in-america Q&A: Russian Orthodox Church in America]*[http://www.oca.org/Docs.asp?ID=170&SID=12 holy-synod/statements/fr-kishkovsky/rocor-mp-reconciliation ROCOR/MP Reconciliation], Fr. Leonid Kishkovsky*[http://oca.org/news/headline-news/oca-rocor-metropolitans-hierarchs-concelebrate-the-divine-liturgy-at-rocors OCA and ROCOR concelebrated the Divine Liturgy for the first time in nearly 70 years].
===ROCOR===
*[http://www.orthodoxinfo.com/general/amer_jur.aspx Orthodox Jurisdictions in America], by Fr. Alexander Lebedeff
*[http://www.russianorthodoxchurch.ws/english/pages/history/briefhistory.html A Brief History of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia, 1922-1972], by Protopriest Sergii Shchukin
*[http://www.synod.com/synod/eng2011/20111212_ensynod.html backround] Statement by the Synod of Bishops, NEW YORK: December 10, 2011
[[Category:Church History]]
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