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Hail Mary

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The Hail Mary prayer of the Orthodox Christian Church and [[Eastern Catholic Churches]] is in the form: ''Θεοτόκε Παρθένε, χαῖρε, κεχαριτωμένη Μαρία, ὁ Κύριος μετὰ σοῦ. εὐλογημένη σὺ ἐν γυναιξί, καὶ εὐλογημένος ὁ καρπὸς τῆς κοιλίας σου, ὅτι Σωτήρα ἔτεκες τῶν ψυχῶν ἡμῶν.''
:[[Theotokos]] Virgin, rejoice, Mary full of grace, the Lord is with you. Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb, for you have borne the Saviour of our souls.
Another English rendering of the same text reads:
== History ==
The first part of the prayer is taken directly from the greeting of the [[Archangel Gabriel]] to the Virgin [[Theotokos]] found in [[Gospel of Luke|The Gospel According to St. Luke]] 1:28: "Hail, full of grace, the Lord is with thee" (Χαῖρε, κεχαριτωμένη, ὁ Κύριος μετὰ σοῦ / Chaire, kecharitōmenē, o Kyrios meta sou). The second part is taken from the greeting of the Righteous [[Elizabeth]] to the [[Theotokos]] in Luke 1:42 "Blessed art thou amongst women and blessed is the fruit of thy womb" (Εὐλογημένη σὺ ἐν γυναιξὶν καὶ εὐλογημένος ὁ καρπὸς τῆς κοιλίας σου / eulogēmenē su en gynaixin kai eulogēmenos o karpos tēs koilias sou). To the Biblical texts this adds the opening invocation "[[Theotokos]] Virgin", the name "Mary" and the concluding "for you have borne the Saviour of our souls". This was added to explain the reason for her state of holiness. She is blessed and holy because she accepted God's word and gave birth to the Second Person of the Blessed [[Trinity]] - [[Jesus Christ]] -, and because she kept herself in a state of sinless love for God throughout her whole life.
== Sources ==
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