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Church of Antioch

3,188 bytes added, 17:08, November 12, 2012
The Antiochian church today
music=[[Byzantine Chant]]|
calendar=[[Revised Julian Calendar|Revised Julian]]|
population=750,000 to 1,000,0002 million|
website=[ Church of Antioch]
The '''Church of Antioch''' is one of the five [[patriarchate]]s (i.e., the [[Pentarchy]]) that constituted the [[One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church|one, holy, catholic, and apostolic Church]] before the [[Great Schism|schism]] between Rome and Antioch in 1098 and between Rome and the other patriarchates at around the same general period. Today it is one of the [[autocephaly|autocephalous]] Orthodox churches. In English translations of official documents, the Church of Antioch refers to itself as the '''Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch and All the East'''. The literal translation into English of the Arabic name is "Roman " (in Arabic, ''Rum[[Rüm]]'') Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch and All the East."However, the literal name "Rüm" does not actually mean Roman but Greek. The Arabs and the Turks refer to the Christians who belong to the Greek Orthodox Church (both Arabs and Greeks) as Rüm because the Byzantine Greek-speaking Orthodox have historically referred to themselves as Romioi.The Arabic word "Rum" derives from the Greek word "Romioi". This is one of the reasons why the Church of Antioch refers to itself as '''Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch and All the East'''. The other reason is because it belongs to the family of the Greek Orthodox Churches which are: the [[Church of Constantinople]] (patriarchate), the '''Church of Antioch''' (patriarchate), the [[Church of Jerusalem]] (patriarchate), the [[Church of Alexandria]] (patriarchate), the [[Church of Cyprus]], the [[Church of Sinai]], the [[Church of Greece]], and the [[Church of Albania]].
[[Image:Balamand.jpg|left|thumb|250px|[[Our Lady of Balamand Monastery (Tripoli, Lebanon)|Our Lady of Balamand Monastery]]]]
The Church of Antioch is the continuation of the Christian community founded in Antioch by the [[Apostles]] [[Apostle Peter|Peter]] (who served as its first bishop) and [[Apostle Paul|Paul]], who are its [[patron saint]]s. In terms of hierarchical order of precedence, it currently ranks third among the world's Orthodox churches, behind [[Church of Constantinople|Constantinople]] and [[Church of Alexandria|Alexandria]].
===Schism over Chalcedon===
[[Image:Hama church.jpg|left|thumb|200px|The Church of the Entrance of the Theotokos in Hama, Syria]]
Disputes over the [[Christology]] of the [[Fourth Ecumenical Council]] at Chalcedon—the [[Monophysitism|Monophysite]] controversy— in 451 led to a [[schism]] within the Church of Antioch, which at that same council was elevated to the status of a [[patriarchate]]. The larger group at the time repudiated the council and became the [[Church of Antioch (Jacobite)|Syriac Orthodox Church]] (also called the "Jacobites" for [[Jacob Baradeus]], an early bishop of theirs who did extensive missionary work in the region). They currently constitute part of the [[Oriental Orthodox]] communion and maintain a [[Christology ]] somewhat different in language from that of [[Chalcedon]].
The remainder of the Church of Antioch, primarily local Greeks or Hellenized sections of the indigenous population, remained in communion with Rome, Constantinople, Alexandria, and Jerusalem. This is the current ''Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch and All the East'' which is considered by the other bishops of the Orthodox Church to be the sole legitimate heir to the [[see]] of Antioch.
As recommended in the Agreement of 1990, the Antiochian (Eastern) Orthodox Patriarch Ignatius IV formally met with the Syriac (Oriental) Orthodox Patriarch, Ignatius Zakka I, on [[July 22]], 1991. At that formal meeting, the two patriarchs signed a [ pastoral agreement] which called for "complete and mutual respect between the two churches." It also prohibited the passing of faithful from one church to the other, envisaged joint meetings of the two holy synods when appropriate, and provided for future guidelines for intercommunion of the faithful and [[Eucharist]]ic [[concelebration]] by the [[clergy]] of the two churches. The Church of Antioch expects these guidelines to be issued when the faithful of both churches are ready, but not before.
Patriarch Ignatius has also overseen participation in a bilateral commission with the [[Melkite Greek Catholic Church]], which is exploring ways of healing the 18th century schism between the Melkite Catholics and the Antiochian Orthodox. In an unprecedented event, [[Melkite ]] Patriarch Maximos V addressed a meeting of the Orthodox holy synod in October 1996.
The members of the holy synod of Antioch continue to explore greater communication and more friendly meetings with their Syriac, Melkite, and Maronite brothers and sisters, who all share a common heritage.
Of the churches receiving opprobrium for "[[ecumenism]]", Antioch probably has received the greatest amount.
The situation of christians in Syria has worsened after the Civil war began. Several churches were attacked, many christians were expelled by rebels and become refugees.
===Expansion abroad===
*[[Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia and New Zealand|Archdiocese of Australia, New Zealand and All Oceania]]
*[[Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America|Archdiocese of North America]]
:*[[Diocese of New York and Washington, DC (Antiochian)]]
:*[[Diocese of Los Angeles and the West (Antiochian)]]
:*[[Diocese of Charleston, Oakland, and the Mid-Atlantic (Antiochian)]]
:*[[Diocese of Eagle River and the Northwest (Antiochian)]]
:*[[Diocese of Miami and the Southeast (Antiochian)]]
:*[[Diocese of Ottawa, Eastern Canada and Upstate New York (Antiochian)]]
:*[[Diocese of Toledo and the Midwest (Antiochian)]]
:*[[Diocese of Wichita and Mid-America (Antiochian)]]
:*[[Diocese of Worcester and New England (Antiochian)]]
*[[Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese of Santiago and All Chile|Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese of Santiago and All Chile]]
*[[Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese of Western and Central Europe|Archdiocese of Western and Central Europe]]
*[[Metropolis of Damascus]]: Patriarchal diocese*[[Archdiocese of Aleppo|Metropolis of Beroea (Aleppo) and Alexandretta]]: Paul Yazigi (2000–present)*[[Archdiocese of Beirut|Metropolis of Beirut and Exarchate of Phoenicia]]: [[Elias (Audi) of Beirut|Elias Audi]] (1980–present)*[[Archdiocese of Bosra-Hauran, Jabal al Arab and Golan|Metropolis of Bosra, Hauran and Jabal al-Druze]]: Sawa Esber (1999–present)*[[Metropolis of Emesa]] (Homs): George Abu Zaham (1999–present)*[[Metropolis of Epiphania]] (Hama) and Exarchate of North Syria: Elias Saliba (1984–present)*[[Metropolis of Latakia]] and Exarchate of Theodorias: John Mansur (1979–present)*[[Metropolis of Baghdad]], Kuwait and All Mesopotamia: Constantinos Papastefanou (1969–present)*[[Metropolis of Akkar]]: Basilios Nassur (2008–present)*[[Archdiocese of Byblos and Botris (Mount Lebanon)|Metropolis of Mount Lebanon, Byblos and Botrys]]: George Khodr (1970–present)*[[Metropolis of Seleucia (Zahle) and Heliopolis (Baalbek)]]: Spyridon Khoury (1966–present)*[[Archdiocese of Tripoli and Al-koura|Metropolis of Tripoli and Al-Koura]]: [[Ephraim Kyriakos]] (2009–present)*[[Metropolis of Tyre and Sidon]]: Elias Kfoury (1995–present)*[[Metropolis of Tarsos and Adana]]: vacanct*[[Metropolis of Amida]]:(Diyarbakır) vacant*[[Metropolis of Theodosioupolis]](Erzurum): vacant
==External links==
* [ The Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch and All the East] (Official site, Website)(Arabic and English)
* [ Eastern Christian Churches: The Patriarchate of Antioch], a scholarly text by Ronald Roberson, CSP, a Roman Catholic priest and Eastern Christianity scholar
*[ The Spiritual Tradition of the Antioch Patriarchate], by Prof. [[Constantine Scouteris]]
===Archdioceses and dioceses===
====The Middle East====
*[ Archdiocese of Akkar] (Official Website)*[ Archdiocese of Aleppo] (Official Website)*[ Archdiocese of Baghdad] (Official Website)*[ Orthodox Archdiocese of Beirut] (Arabic and EnglishOfficial Website)*[ Orthodox Christian joomla/ Archdiocese of Byblos and Botrys Bosra] (Mount LebanonOfficial Website)*[ Archdiocese of Lattakia] (Arabic and EnglishOfficial Website)*[ Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of AleppoMount Lebanon] (Arabic and EnglishOfficial Website)*[ Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of LattakiaTripoli] (ArabicOfficial Website)
====North and South America====
*[ Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese of Western and Central Europe] (Arabic, English, French, German, Italian)
*[ Greek Antiochian Orthodox Church of Antioch in Germany] (German)
*[ Antiochian Orthodox Church in the United Kingdom and Ireland] (English)
====The PacificOceania====
*[ Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of Australia, New Zealand and the Philippines]

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