The '''Psalter''' (also known as the ''Psalms of David'') is the [[Old Testament]] book that contains hymns and poems traditionally ascribed to the [[David|Holy Prophet and King David]], ancestor of our [[Jesus Christ|Lord Jesus Christ]]. Virtually every aspect of worship—praise, thanksgiving, penitence, intercession—is covered in the Psalter.
== The Psalter in Orthodox worship ==
Fr. [[ Georges Florovsky]] has described the Psalter as a golden thread running through the beautiful garment that is the divine services of the [[Orthodox Church]]. Indeed, the Psalter forms the core of each of the services of the [[Daily Cycle]], the [[Divine Liturgy]], and the other sacramental offices of the Church.
The Psalter is so prevalent in Orthodox worship that St. [[John Chrysostom]] said that wherever one looks in the Church, he finds the Psalter "first, last, and central."
During the lenten fast, the kathisma readings are accelerated so that the Psalter is read through in its entirety twice each week.
=== Order of Kathisma Readings ===
*'''''Outside of Great Lent'''''
:Outside Great Lent the kathismata are appointed to be read according to the following cycle:<br><br>
*''A Comparative Psalter'', John Kohlenberger, ed., Oxford, 2006. (ISBN 978-0195297607). This contains the Masoretic Text with translation in the Revised Standard Version, and the Septuagint with translation in the New English Translation of the Septuagint.
*''The Psalter According to the Seventy'', Holy Transfiguration Monastery (ISBN 0943405009)
*[http://www.lulu.com/product/hardcover/the-russian-orthodox-psalter/5997109 ''The Russian Orthodox Psalter''], translated by David Mitchell James from the 1959 St. Job of Pochaev Press Slavonic edition, compared with the Rahlfs Septuagint, Latin Vulgate and Gallican psalters, using the Coverdale Psalter as a template. Approved for use by the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia.