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Callistratus (Tsintsadze) of Georgia

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In 1903, Fr. Callistratus was appointed priest at Kashveli Church in Tbilisi where he became involved with the movement to regain [[autocephaly]] for the Church of Georgia. In 1905, he produced a study about the Georgian Orthodox Church defending the actions of the group. In late March 1917, the Church of Georgia declared itself autocephalous following the 1917 February revolution in Russia, and Fr. Callistratus became active in the restored Georgian church administration that soon fell under the domination of the Bolshevik government that had assumed power in Russia and extended its control to include Georgia.
In 1923, Fr. Callistratus was designated [[locus locum tenens]] after Catholicos-Patriarch [Ambrose (Khelaia) the Confessor|Ambrose]] was imprisoned by the Soviets. He remained in the position until 1926. In 1925, Fr. Callistratus was [[consecration of a bishop|consecrated]] [[Metropolitan]] of Ninosminda, and then in 1927 he was appointed [[Bishop]] of Manglisi.
After the death of Catholicos-Patriarch Christophorus III, Bp. Callistratus was elected Catholicos-Patriarch on [[June 21]], 1932. Since the Church of Georgia had been under heavy pressure by the Joseph Stalin led Bolshevik government Catholicos-Patriarch Callistratus attempted a conciliatory approach with the Soviet government. With Stalin, a Georgian by birth, providing mediation assistance, Callistratus was able to reconcile the Georgian church with the [[Church of Russia]] and received, in 1943, recognition of its autocephaly.

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