The American Metropolis of the Genuine Greek Orthodox Church of America is an autonomous [[diocese]] of the [[Church of the Genuine Orthodox Christians of Greece]] (GOC). It is also known as the Hellenic Orthodox Traditionalist Church of America, or simply as the Greek Old Calendarist Church.
Prior to the establishment of this diocese, there were still several independent Greek parishes in North America that had not been regularized by [[Athenagoras I (Spyrou) of Constantinople|Archbishop Athenagoras]], who had been going from parish to parish for several years, bringing independents into the fold of the [[Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America|Greek Archdiocese]]. These independent parishes sometimes looked to Greece for [[priest]]s, and sometimes turned to [[episcopi vagantes|vagante bishops]] such as Christopher Contogeorge. The situation in general in the 1930's and 40's was one of ecclesiastical confusion, and [[Old Calendarism]] ''per se'' could be seen in some cases as a side effect of the parish remaining independent rather than as a purely idealogical position.
== Arrival of Archimandrite Petros ==
== Dispute over Grace ==
In 1974, the Synod of the Greek Old Calendarist Church reiterated its belief that the [[New Calendar Church]] was schismatic and devoid of grace. Metropolitan Petros was opposed to this decision and asked the ROCOR bishops what to do, since they had consecrated him, and his consecration certificate stated that he would defer to the Synod if any question arose. While this may seem a simplistic reasoning, the Metropolitan was concerned about keeping his pledge.
By not signing the declaration, Metropolitan Petros was forced out of the Synod of the GOC, and as a result the [[Metropolis of North and South America]] passed first to [[Metropolitan Anthony]] and then [[Archimandrite Paisios (Loulourgas)]]. The later was eventually consecrated a bishop in 1979 and took his [[Cathedral]] seat at [[Saint Irene Chrysovalantou Monastery]] in Queens. From this point on he was the bishop of the Metropolis.