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Ibas of Edessa

114 bytes added, 16:13, November 27, 2012
His early life is largely unknown. Ibas first appeared as a [[presbyter]] in the church of Edessa during the episcopate of Bishop [[Rabbula of Edessa]]. Edessa was in the northern part of ancient Mesopotamia - now southeastern Turkey. While Rabbula was opposed to the views of [[Nestorius]] and Theodore of Mopesuestia, Ibas, who was in charge of the school of Edessa, took opposition to his [[bishop]]'s stand. He admired the writings of Theodore and translated them into Syriac and disseminated them throughout the east.
The school of Edessa was popular throughout Persia and the east and provided opportunities for propagating Theodore's beliefs. While Rabbula was very concerned with these clearly [[heresy|heretical]] doctrines and endeavored to get the doctrines anathematized and burned, the church of Edessa favored Theodore's teachings and supported Ibas against his bishop, Rabbula.
At the second session of the [[Robber Council of Ephesus]] on [[August 22]], 449, Ibas, who was in prison in Antioch and was not called to defend himself<ref>Labbe, iv. 626, 634</ref>, was deposed.
After the Robber Council Pope [[Leo the Great |Leo I]] of Rome approached [[Pulcheria the Empress|Pulcheria]], emperor Theodosius' sister for help in reversing the council's decisions. After the emperor's death in July 450 and Pulcheria's marriage to Marcian, the new emperor, Marcian, summons a general council that convened under Patr. [[Anatolius of Constantinople|Anatolius]] at [[Chalcedon]] in 451. At the council, the status of the bishops deposed by the Robber council was considered. The council, after much discussion restored Ibas unanimously on the condition that he anathematize Nestorius and Eutyches and accept the tome of Leo. Ibas consented without hesitation. He was restored as bishop of Edessa. Nonnus, who had been chosen bishop on Ibas' deposition, having been legitimately ordained, was allowed to retain his episcopal rank, and on Ibas's death, [[October 28]], 457, succeeded him as metropolitan <ref>Labbe, iv. 891, 917</ref>
[[Category: Bishops]]
[[Category:5th-century bishops]]
[[Category: Bishops of Edessa|Edessa]]
[[ro:Ibas din Edesa]]

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