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Brahmavar (Goan) Orthodox Church

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{{orientalchurches}}The '''Brahmavar (Goan) Orthodox Church''' is a self-governing branch of the [[Church of India|Indian (Malankara) Orthodox Syrian Church]]. This is a uniate faction ''from'' group originated in the [[Roman Catholic Church]], formed under the leadership of Bishop Metropolitan [[w:Antonio Francisco Xavier Julius of Goa|AlvaresMar Yulios of Goa]] of the [[Church of Antioch (Syriac)|Antonio Francisco Xavier AlvaresSyriac Orthodox Church]] in 1889 AD. It is Formerly under the Mumbai Diocese, <ref group="note">The [[w:Mumbai|Bombay]] diocese spreads over the states of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Goa, tail of Karnataka, Bahrain, Qatar and Saudi Arabia. The Diocese had grown to be a giant among the rest of the dioceses in many ways with more than 70 churches, schools, clinics, and hostels etc., efficiently managed by about 50 sincere and dedicated priests along with the lay representatives. (Malankara Orthodox TV. ''[http://moscdigitaldiary.malankaraorthodox.tv/Mumbai.html Mumbai Diocese and Parishes].'' '''A Digital Diary of Malankara Orthodox Church: Dioceses and Parishes'''. Retrieved: 2010-12-13.)</ref> it has now been constituted as its own diocese, the Brahmavar Diocese of the [[Church of India|Malanakara Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church]].
==History==
The territory of Goa in south India was a colony of Portugal. Fr. Antonio who was a Roman Catholic [[priest ]] at the time, opposed the ‘Concordot’ of the [[Pope ]] and interference of the Government in the Church Administration. His pro-Independence periodicals which were also critical of the Roman Catholic Church were banned.
==Oriental Orthodoxy==
Fr. [[w:Antonio Francisco Xavier Alvares|Antonio]] left the [[w:Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Goa and Daman|Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Goa and Daman]] with hundreds of Goan Catholic families and joined the Malankara Orthodox Church. The Brahmavar community has come into existence since then as a part of the Indian Orthodox Church.<ref>[http://theorthodoxchurch.info/blog/articles/2009/12/holy-brahmavar/ ''HOLY BRAHMAVAR.'' OBL Articles, International Orthodox Christian Articles.]</ref>
Antonio Francisco Xavier Alvares was ordained [[consecration of a bishop|consecrated]] as the first Orthodox Metropolitan of Goa-Ceylon in 1889 AD by Paulose Mar Athanasious and [[w:Gheevarghese Mar Gregorios of Parumala|Gheevarghese Mar Gregorios of Parumala]] at the [[w:Orthodox Pazhaya Seminary|Orthodox Pazhaya Seminary]].
After joining the Orthodox Church , Mar Alvares was [[excommunication|excommunicated ]] by the Roman Catholic Church. He was excommunicated, stripped naked and paraded through the streets,<ref>[http://www.stalvares.com/docs/about.php His Grace ALVARES MAR JULIUS Metropolitan.]</ref> and was persecuted by the Roman Catholic Church and the Portuguese Government. Though he was advised by some of his old friends to reunite with the Roman Catholic Church, especially when he was very sick, he refused and stuck to his Orthodox faith. For the common people he was a true Missionary, a patriot, and an apostle of charity.
Presently there are about 700 families in Goa in this self-governing part of Indian Orthodox Church. The''Orthodox Church of Goa'' has survived almost a century after the death of Bishop Alvares (+1923), and the Brahmavar mission still remains as a symbol of his work.
==See also==
* [[Church of India]]
 
==Notes==
<references group="note" />
==References==
==Sources==
* The British Orthodox Church (within the Coptic Orthodox Patriarchate). ''[http://britishorthodox.org/glastonbury-review/11/ Holy Brahmavar].'' In: '''The Glastonbury Review''', No. 119, November 2010.
'''Wikipedia'''
* [[w:Brahmavar (Goan) Orthodox Church|Brahmavar (Goan) Orthodox Church]]
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