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Holy Synod in Resistance

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Hierarchs
The '''Orthodox Church of Greece - Holy Synod in Resistance''', also called the '''Cyprianites''', are were a resistanceresisting, [[Old Calendarists|Old Calendar]] synod which separated were separate from the New Calendar [[Church of Greece]], regarding the latter as being in error.
== History ==
In 1979, a [[schism]] occurred in the Synod of the [[Church of the Genuine Orthodox Christians of Greece]] (GOC), or the "Florinites." Metropolitan [[Callistos of Corinth]] and Metropolitan Anthony of Megara had become dissatisfied with the administration of Archbishop Auxentius, who had irregularly received priests from New Calendar jurisdictions with questionable reputations. Callistos and Anthony [[ordination|ordained]] eight other [[bishop]]s, declared Auxentius to be deposed, and registered their synod as the [[Church of the Genuine Orthodox Christians of Greece]] (GOC, so-called "Kallistiakoi", or Callistites).
In 1980, the synod entered into communion with the Synod of the [[Old Calendar Orthodox Church of Romania]]. However, in 1983 the synod disintegrated. Metropolitan Callistos quit the Synod because of a disagreement on the question of grace in New Calendarist sacraments, Bishop Maximos of Magnesia and two others returned to the Synod of the True Orthodox Church of Greece under Archbishop Auxentios. The rest, Matthew of Oinois, Kalliopios of Pentapolis, and Kallinikos of Achaia, returned to the synod in 1985 under the presidency of Metropolitan Gerontios of Peiraeus, after the first removal of Archbishop Auxentios.
== Ecclesiology ==
Unlike the other [[Old Calendarists|Old Calendarist]] Greek jurisdictions, the Holy Synod in Resistance has had a markedly distinct [[ecclesiology]]. While opposed to [[ecumenism]] and the [[New Calendar]], the synod maintains maintained that the 1974 declaration was an error and that the [[Church of Greece]] and other [[New Calendar]] jurisdictions have grace, despite the [[anathema]] against the [[New Calendar]] issued in the [[Sigillion of 1583]]. To support this view, the synod points to the views expressed by the father of Greek Old-Calendarism, Metropolitan [[Chrysostomos of Florina]].
==Status==
From 1994 to early 2006, the synod had been was in full communion with the [[Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia]] (ROCOR), though relations have cooled recently because of the recent as negotiations took place between ROCOR and the [[Church of Russia]]. As of In February 2006, the synod severed communion with the ROCOR. The synod continues to maintain communion with the [[Old Calendar Orthodox Church of Romania]] (Synod of Metropolitan Vlasie). In 1993, the synod Synod ordained, and maintains communion with, Bishop Photii of the [[Old Calendar Orthodox Church of Bulgaria]].
On 17 November 2007 the Synod entered into a published the [http://ruschurchabroad.com/eng071116.pdf "Memorandum Regarding Principles of Coöperation Between the Greek and Russian Anti-Ecumenists"], which defined its relationship with the self -proclaimed "Provisional Supreme Ecclesiastical Authority of the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad" [http://ruschurchabroad.com/engindex.htm] under Bishop [[Agafangel (Pashkovsky) of Odessa|Agafangel]], who has had departed into schism from the [[Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia]]over its union with the Moscow Patriarchate.
==Structure==
The synod has had five [[diocese]]s, including the Metropolis of Oropos and Fili, the Archdiocese of Etna (California), the Diocese of Sydney and New South Wales, the Diocese of Nora (Italy), and the Diocese of Luni (Italy). There are were also missions in Austria, Sweden, Italy, Czech Republic, Georgia, South Ossetia, Kenya, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, [[Uganda]], the United Kingdom and South Africa.
Serving and praying in the synod's parishes, missions, and monasteries are were 74 [[priest]]s (including 17 [[hieromonk]]s and 57 married priests), 15 [[deacon]]s, 43 [[monk]]s and 60 nuns.
There is was also one publication house, the [http://userswww.sisqtelctosonline.net/sgpm/ctos/ org Center for Traditionalist Orthodox Studies]. ==Dissolution==On March 5, 2014, after several years of dialogue, the Synod in Resistance united itself to the [[Church of the Genuine Orthodox Christians of Greece]] and formally ceased to exist.<ref>http://www.synodinresistance.org/EAnakIstosEnosis.pdf</ref>
==External links ==
*[http://www.synodinresistance.org/ Official Website]
*[http://userswww.sisqtelctosonline.net/sgpm/ctos/ org Center for Traditionalist Orthodox Studies (Etna, CA)]
*[http://www.conventofsaintelizabeth.org/ Convent of Saint Elizabeth the New Martyr (Etna, CA)]
*[http://www.saintedwardbrotherhood.org/ The Saint Edward Brotherhood (Brookwood, Surrey, UK)]
=== Hierarchs ===
*[http://www.synodinresistance.org/Administration_en/CyprianOFCyprianOreon.html Cyprian, Metropolitan of Oropos and Fili, last President of the Holy Synod in Resistance]*[http://www.synodinresistance.org/Administration_en/ChrysostomosEtna.html Chrysostomos, Archbishop (now Metropolitan) of Etna (California), Member of the Synod]
*[http://www.synodinresistance.org/Administration_en/ChrysostomosSydney.html Chrysostomos, Bishop of Sydney and New South Wales, Member of the Synod]
*[http://www.synodinresistance.org/Administration_en/MichaelNora.html Michael, Bishop of Nora (Sardinia), Member of the Synod]
*[http://www.synodinresistance.org/Administration_en/AmbroseMethoni.html Ambrose, Bishop of Methone]
*[http://www.synodinresistance.org/Administration_en/JohannesMakarioupolis.html Johannes, Bishop of Makarioupolis, Assistant for Missions in Sweden]
 
==References==
<references />
[[Category:Jurisdictions]]
[[Category: Schisms]]
[[Category:Old Calendarist Jurisdictions]]
[[fr:Église orthodoxe de Grèce - Saint Synode en résistance]]
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