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Hilarion (Troitsky) of Vereya

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The Holy Hieromartyr '''Hilarion (Troitsky)''', Archbishop of VereyVereya, was an outstanding theologian, preacher, and valiant defender of the [[Church of Russia]] who suffered during the first decade of Bolshevik rule in Russia. A compatriot of Patriarch [[Tikhon of Moscow|Tikhon]], he strongly defended the Church against the attacks of the communist regime and the Bolshevik backed [[Living Church]], its renovationists policies, and the Gregorian [[schism]]. His feast day is [[December 15]].
==Life==
The year 1913 was also the year Vladimir made his commitment to Christ. On [[March 28]], 1913, he received his [[tonsure]] as a [[monk]] in the [[Skete]] of the Paraclete of the [[Holy Trinity-St. Sergius Lavra]] and was given the name Hilarion. On [[June 2]], 1913, he was [[ordination|ordained]] and became a [[hieromonk]]. Fr. Hilarion was then raised to the rank of [[archimandrite]] a month later on [[July 5]], 1913. Completing the year 1913, Archm. Hilarion was appointed inspector of the Moscow Academy on [[May 30]], 1913 and then was confirmed as Professor of Holy Scripture in December.
His theological works were an enrichment of ecclesiastical scholarship. and his sermons resounded like bells calling on the people of God to faith and moral renewal. During the [[All-Russian Church Council of 1917-1918|Local Council of 1917-1918]], he made an inspiring stand in favor of the restoration of the Patriarchate, noting that the Church of Russia was never without a first hierarch nor being conciliatory until the decrees of of Peter I abolished the position. After the election of Abp. Tikhon as [[patriarch]], Archm. Hilarion became his fervent supporter.
After the Bolsheviks came to power in early November 1917, they began to persecute the Church. By March 1919, Archm. Hilarion had already been arrested. His imprisonment last lasted three months. On [[May 23]], 1920, Archm. Hilarion was elected to the episcopate and then the next day, [[May 24]], he was [[consecration of a bishop|consecrated]] Bishop of VereyVereya, a vicariate of the [[Diocese]] of Moscow. From the time of his consecration Bishop Hilarion was to see less than two years of freedom. His episcopal service became a path to the cross.
Bp. Hilarion enjoyed great authority among the clergy and his fellow [[bishop]]s and had gained great respect for his mind and steadfastness in the Faith. But, before two years had passed since his consecration, Bp. Hilarion was sent into exile in Archangelsk. After a year he returned to Petrograd and became Patr. Tikhon's closest like minded advisor along with Abp. Seraphim (Alexandrov). Patr. Tikhon raised Bp. Hilarion to the rank of [[archbishop]] upon his return from exile. With this appointment Abp. Hilarion's activities broadened. He engaged in discussions with Yevgeny Alexandrovich Tuchkov, the plenipotentiary for Church affairs of the GPU, on the need for a ordered life in the Russian Orthodox Church on the basis of canonical law and labored to restore the ecclesiastical organization, without success.
Abp. Hilariion Hilarion became a thorn in the side of the renovationists. On [[July 5]], 1923, he threw the renovationists out of the [[Sretensky Monastery]] as they tried to serve an All-night Vigil for the [[feast day|feast]] of the Vladimir [[Icon]] of the [[Theotokos|Mother of God]], and then after re-consecrating the [[cathedral]], returned the [[monastery]] to the Church. Abp. Hilariion had heated debates in Moscow with the Living Church [[priest]] [[Alexander Ivanovich Vvedensky|Alexander Vvedensky ]] during which he exposed Vvedensky's cunning and lies. Recognizing Abp. Hilarion's influence, the renovationists exerted their influence with the Bolshevik government to have Abp. Hilarion sent to exile. In December 1923, Abp. Hilarion was sentenced to three years in prison and was sent to the Solovki prison camp (formerly the [[Solovetsky Monastery]]) on the White Sea.
At Solovki Abp. Hilarion preserved all the good qualities of the soul that he had gained through his ascetic labors, both before and during his [[monasticism|monastic]] life and as a priest and hierarch. One eyewitness related when a group of six clergy, of bishops and priests including Abp. Hilarion, were laboring as net-makers and fisherman, Abp. Hilarion paraphrased the hymns of [[Pentecost]], remarking "Formerly, the fishermen became theologians. Now the theologians have become fishermen."
Abp. Hilarion was one of the most popular inmates of the labor camp. He is remembered as tall, robust, and with brownish hair. Personal possessions meant nothing to him, so he always gave his things away to anyone who asked for them. He never showed annoyance when people disturbed him or insulted him, but remained cheerful.
During the summer of 1925, Abp. Hilarion was moved from Solovki to a less severe prison in Yaroslavl. There he was able to receive spiritual books and so was able to read [[Patristics|patristic]] literature and keep notes. These notes he was able to pass on to friends for safekeeping. While at Yaroslavl, Abp. Hilarion was approached, through the GPU, to join the Gregorian schism. Seeing through the offer, he steadfastly refused, but his refusal gained for him resulted to three more years of imprisonment at Solovki, arriving there where he arrived again in the spring of 1926.
In June of 1927, he was transferred to Moscow for discussions with Abp. Gregory and various secular persons who insisted that he "gather courage" and head the Gregorian "Supreme Church Council."
This, Abp. Hilarion categorically refused, explaining that the actions of the council were unjust and a waste of time, and he further advised Abp. Gregory, as a brother, to abandon his plans as they were not necessary and harmed the Church. Abp. Hilarion was returned to Solovki,
In December 1929, he was transferred to Alma-Ata in Central Asia for a term of three years. Traveling under guard, he arrived in Leningrad, in rags after being rob robbed on the way, infested with parasites, and very sick with typhus. Lying in the Leningrad prison he wrote "on Saturday, [[December 28]], my fate will be decided (the crisis of the illness). I am unlikely to survive.” When told that he needed to be shaved, he replied, "You may now do with me whatever you wish." Our confessor of Christ died on December 28, 1929, at the age of forty four. After obtaining permission to take his body for burial, Metr. [[Seraphim (Chichagov) of Leningrad and Gdovsk|Seraphim (Chichagov)]], who occupied the Leningrad [[see]] at the time, brought white hierarchical [[vestments]] and a white [[miter]] to the prison hospital. They vested him and took him to the church at the Novodevichy Monastery in Leningrad for the funeral and burial services in which Metr. Seraphim and Abp. Alexei, Bps. Ambrose (Libin) of Luga, Sergius (Zenkevich) of Lodeinoe Polye, and three other bishops participated. On [[May 10]], 1999, Holy Hieromartyr Hilarion, Archbishop of Vereya, was [[glorification|glorified]] as a [[saint]] by the Moscow [[Patriarchate]] of the [[Russian Orthodox Church]]. On the eve of his canonization, the Holy Hieromartyr’s [[relics]] were translated from St. Petersburg to Moscow and placed in the church of the Sretensky Monastery.
After obtaining permission to take his body for burial, Metr. Seraphim (Chichagov), who occupied the Leningrad [[see]] at the time, brought white hierarchical [[vestments]] and a white [[miter]] to the prison hospital. They vested him and took him to the church at the Novodevichy Monastery in Leningrad for the funeral and burial services in which Metr. Seraphim and Abp. Alexei, Bps. Ambrose (Libin) of Luga, Sergius (Zenkevich) of Lodeinoe Polye, and three other bishops participated.
On [[May 10]], 1999, Holy Hieromartyr Hilarion, Archbishop of Verey, was [[glorification|glorified]] as a [[saint]] by the Moscow [[Patriarchate]] of the [[Russian Orthodox Church]]. On the eve of his canonization, the Holy Hieromartyr’s [[relics]] were translated from St. Petersburg to Moscow and placed in the church of the Sretensky Monastery.
{{start box}}
{{succession|
before=?Sylvester (Bratanovsky)|title=Archbishop of Verey Vereya (Titular)|
years= 1920-1929|
after=?[[Eugene (Reshetnikov) of Vereya|Eugene (Reshetnikov)]]}}{{end box}}
==Sources==
*[http://www.pravoslavie.ru/english/33316.htm Holy Hieromartyr Hilarion (Troitsky), Archbishop of VereyVereya]
*[http://www.pravmir.com/article_821.html Reverend Hilarion Troitsky]
*[http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsLife.asp?FSID=103704 OCA: Hieromartyr Hilarion, Archbishop of Vereiya]
*[http://www.orthodox.net/russiannm/hilarion-archbishop-and-hieroconfessor-of-verey.html Hilarion, Archbishop and Hieroconfessor of VereyVereya]
[[Category: Bishops]]
[[Category: Bishops of Vereyа]]
[[Category:20th-century bishops]]
[[Category: Saints]]
[[Category: Russian Saints]]
[[Category: Martyrs]]
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