The '''Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America''' is the sole jurisdiction of the [[Church of Antioch]] in the
USA and Canada with exclusive jurisdiction over the Antiochian Orthodox faithful in those countries , though these faithful were originally cared for by the [[ Church of Russia]] in America.
== History of the Archdiocese ==
The first Orthodox bishop consecrated in North America, [[ Raphael of Brooklyn| St. Raphael Hawaweeny]], was consecrated by the [[Church of Russia|Russian Orthodox Church]] in America to care for the Orthodox Arab faithful in the USA and Canada. Through his efforts, what is known today as the Antiochian Archdiocese came into being.
However, after the [[ Bolshevik Revolution]] threw the [[ Church of Russia|Russian Orthodox Church]] and its faithful abroad into chaos, the Orthodox Arab faithful in North America, simultaneously shaken by the death of their beloved bishop St. Raphael, chose to come under the direct care of the [[ Church of Antioch|Patriarchate of Antioch]]. Due to internal conflicts, however, the Antiochian Orthodox faithful in North America were divided between two [[ archdiocese]]s , those of New York and Toledo, generally representing those who were loyal to the [[Church of Antioch]] and the [[Church of Russia]], respectively.
With the signing of the Articles of Reunification by Metropolitan [[ Philip (Saliba) of New York|Philip (Saliba)]] and Metropolitan [[ Michael (Shaheen) of Toledo|Michael ( Shaheen)]] in 1975, the two Antiochian Orthodox archdioceses were united as one Archdiocese of North America (now with its headquarters in Englewood, New Jersey). Metropolitan Philip became the primate and Metropolitan Michael became an auxiliary archbishop. Since then the Archdiocese has experienced rapid and significant growth through the conversion of a number of Evangelical Protestants (both individually and as congregations) and also through ongoing evangelization and the immigration of Orthodox Arabs from the Middle East.
== The Archdiocese Today == Its current primate is Metropolitan [[ Philip ( Saliba) of New York|Philip ( Saliba) ]], who has six other diocesan [[bishop]]s assisting him in caring for the nine [[diocese]]s of the growing Archdiocese, which is the third largest Orthodox Christian [[jurisdiction]] in North America, having about 250 parishes and missions and approximately 500, 000 faithful. It also includes the [[Western Rite Vicariate]], a group of about 20 [[parish]]es who follow the [[Western Rite]].
On [[ October 9]] , 2003 the [[ Holy Synod]] of the [[ Church of Antioch]] granted the Archdiocese's request to be granted self-rule (as distinct from [[ autonomy]], though the words have the same literal meaning) to allow it to better govern itself, improve and increase its outreach efforts, internally organize itself into several dioceses, and progress further on the road to the administrative unity of the Orthodox Church in the Americas.
The Archdiocese also includes one monastic community, [ [St. Paul Skete (Grand Junction, Tennesee)]], a community for women.
The Antiochian Archdiocese is also a member of [[ SCOBA]] .
== The Episcopacy ==
*Metropolitan [[Philip (Saliba) of New York|Philip (Saliba)]] of New York and Washington, D.C. (Locum Tenens of the Diocese of New England)
*Bishop [[Antoun (Khouri) of Miami|Antoun (Khouri)]] of Miami and the Southeast
*Bishop [[Basil (Essey) of Wichita|Basil (Essey)]] of Wichita and Mid-America
*Bishop [[Joseph (Al-Zehlaoui) of Los Angeles|Joseph (Al-Zehlaoui)]] of Los Angeles and the West (Locum Tenens of the Diocese of Eagle River, Alaska)
*Bishop [[Thomas (Joseph) of Pittsburgh|Thomas (Joseph)]] of Pittsburgh and the East
*Bishop [[Mark (Maymon) of Toledo|Mark (Maymon)]] of Toledo and the Midwest
*Bishop [[Alexander (Mufarrij) of Ottawa|Alexander (Mufarrij)]] of Ottawa, Eastern Canada and Upstate New York
Former hierarchs of the Archdiocese :*Metropolitan [[ Antony ( Bashir) of New York| Antony ( Bashir)]] of New York (1936- 1966), deceased* Archbishop [[Michael (Shaheen) of Toledo|Michael (Shaheen)]] of Toledo (1958-1975 ), deceased *Bishop [[Demetri (Khoury) of Toledo|Demetri (Khoury)]], auxiliary bishop for Toledo, retired
== External links ==* [http://www.antiochian.org/ Official Website of the Archdiocese]* [ http://www.antiochpat.org/ Official Website of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch]