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[[Image:Antiochian local synod.jpg|right|thumb|350px|'''The Local Synod of the Antiochian Archdiocese'''<br>L to R: Bp. [[Mark (Maymon) of Toledo|Mark]], Bp. [[Basil (Essey) of Wichita|Basil]], Bp. [[Antoun (Khouri) of Miami|Antoun]], Metr. [[Philip (Saliba) of New York|Philip]], Bp. [[Joseph (Al-Zehlaoui) of Los Angeles|Joseph]], Bp. [[Thomas (Joseph) of Charleston and Oakland|Thomas]], Bp. [[Alexander (Mufarrij) of Ottawa|Alexander]]]]The '''Self-Ruled Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America''' is the sole jurisdiction of the [[Church of Antioch]] in the USA United States and Canada with exclusive jurisdiction over the Antiochian Orthodox faithful in those countries, though these faithful were originally cared for by . Its current primate is the Most Reverend [[Church Joseph (Al-Zehlaoui) of RussiaNew York|Joseph (Al-Zehlaoui)]] in , Archbishop of New York and Metropolitan of all North America.
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{{diocese|
name= The Self-Ruled Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America|
jurisdiction=[[Church of Antioch|Antioch]]|
type=Self-ruled Archdiocese|
founded=1924|
bishop=[[Joseph (Al-Zehlaoui) of New York|Metr. Joseph]]|
see=New York|
hq=Englewood, New Jersey|
territory=United States and Canada|
language=English, Arabic, Spanish|
music=[[Byzantine Chant]], [[Russian Chant]]|
calendar=[[Revised Julian Calendar|Revised Julian]]|
population=51,000 to 380,000|
website=[http://www.antiochian.org/ Antiochian Archdiocese]
}}
== History of the Archdiocese ==
[[Image:Raphael of Brooklyn.jpg|left|thumb|150px|St. [[Raphael of Brooklyn]]]]
''Main Article: [[History of Antiochian Orthodoxy in America]]''
 
The first Orthodox bishop [[consecration of a bishop|consecrated]] in North America, [[Raphael of Brooklyn|St. Raphael Hawaweeny]], was consecrated by the [[Russian Orthodox Church]] in America to care for the Orthodox Arab faithful in the USA and Canada. The Antiochian Archdiocese in North America traces its genesis to his ministry. His initial arrival in America was not to serve in the episcopacy, however, but he came as an [[archimandrite]] in 1895 at the request of members of the Syrian Orthodox Benevolent Society, an ostensibly philanthropic group whose primary purpose was to maintain ties between Orthodox Arabs living in America. He thus came to the US and was canonically received under the [[omophorion]] of Bishop [[Nicholas (Ziorov) of the Aleutians]], the [[Russian Orthodox Church]]'s exarch in America at the time.
 
Upon arriving in New York, Fr. Raphael established a [[parish]] in lower Manhattan, then the center of the Syrian immigrant community. By 1900, however some 3,000 of these immigrants had moved across the East River, shifting the center of their life to Brooklyn. Thus, in 1902, the parish purchased a larger church building in that borough on Pacific Street. The church was named for St. [[Nicholas of Myra|Nicholas the Wonderworker]], renovated for Orthodox [[worship]], and then consecrated on [[October 27]], 1902, by St. [[Tikhon of Moscow]]. St. Nicholas Cathedral was later relocated to State Street in Brooklyn and is today considered the mother cathedral of the Archdiocese.
 
At the request of St. Tikhon, Fr. Raphael was chosen as his [[auxiliary bishop]], consecrated at [[St. Nicholas Cathedral (New York, New York)|St. Nicholas Cathedral]] as Bishop of Brooklyn and given more authority for his care of Arabic Orthodox Christians in America. Not long after, he founded ''Al-Kalimat'' (''The Word'') magazine, published service books in Arabic which were used in America, the Middle East, and throughout the Arabic Orthodox diaspora. St. Raphael fell asleep in the [[Lord]] at the age of 54 on [[February 27]], 1915, after short, but fruitful, years of service.
 
[[Image:St Elias Ottawa.jpg|left|thumb|250px|St. Elias Antiochian Orthodox Cathedral, Ottawa, Canada]]
However, after the Bolshevik Revolution threw the Russian Orthodox Church and its faithful abroad into chaos, the Orthodox Arab faithful in North America, simultaneously shaken by the death of their beloved bishop St. Raphael, chose to come under the direct care of the [[Church of Antioch|Patriarchate of Antioch]]. Due to internal conflicts, however, the Antiochian Orthodox faithful in North America were divided between two [[archdiocese]]s, those of New York and Toledo, generally representing those who were loyal to the [[Church of Antioch]] and the [[Russian Orthodox Church|Church of Russia]], respectively. This division of the Arabic faithful resulted significantly from the division in loyalty to the bishops who aligned themselves at the time with the [[Orthodox Church in America|Russian Metropolia]], those who were involved with the formation of the now-defunct [[American Orthodox Catholic Church]], and those who chose to have canonical recourse directly to the [[Holy Synod]] of Antioch.
{{orthodoxyinamerica}}
With the signing of the Articles of Reunification by Metropolitan [[Philip (Saliba) of New York|Philip (Saliba)]] and Metropolitan [[Michael (Shaheen) of Toledo|Michael (Shaheen)]] in 1975, the two Antiochian Orthodox archdioceses were united as one Archdiocese of North America (now with its headquarters in Englewood, New Jersey). Metropolitan Philip became the primate of the newly reunified archdiocese, and Metropolitan Michael became an auxiliary archbishop. Since then the Archdiocese has experienced rapid and significant growth through the [[conversion]] of a number of Evangelical Protestants&mdash;both individually and as congregations, especially with the reception of the majority of the [[Evangelical Orthodox Church]] in the 1980s&mdash;and also through ongoing evangelization and the immigration of Orthodox Arabs from the Middle East.
 
== The Archdiocese today ==
Its current primate is Metropolitan [[Philip (Saliba) of New York|Philip (Saliba)]], who has six [[auxiliary bishop|auxiliary]] [[bishop]]s assisting him in caring for the nine [[diocese]]s of the growing Archdiocese, which is the third largest Orthodox Christian [[jurisdiction]] in North America, having 236 communities (38 of which are missions). Estimates of the number of faithful range from 51,320 to 84,000[http://hirr.hartsem.edu/research/quick_question17.html] to 380,000[http://www.electronicchurch.org/2002/NCC_members.htm] depending on the report and the counting method being used. The number of new Antiochian parishes in the decade between 1990 and 2000 rose by approximately 33%, and the primary membership growth in the Archdiocese has been from American converts.[http://hirr.hartsem.edu/research/tab2.pdf] From 2003 to 2005, an increase of 1,229 communicants was reported at the conventions, an increase of 2.5%.
== History The Archdiocese also includes the [[Western Rite Vicariate]], a group of about 16 [[parish]]es and 7 missions which worship according to the Archdiocese ==[[Western Rite]].
The first Orthodox bishop consecrated in North America[[Image:Antiochian bishops.jpg|left|thumb|250px|'''New bishops with the patriarch'''<br>Left to Right: Bp. [[Mark (Maymon) of Toledo|Mark]], Patr. [[Ignatius IV (Hazim) of Antioch|Ignatius IV]], Bp. [[Raphael Thomas (Joseph) of BrooklynCharleston and Oakland|StThomas]], Bp. Raphael Hawaweeny[[Alexander (Mufarrij) of Ottawa|Alexander]]]]On [[October 9]], was consecrated by 2003, the [[Holy Synod]] of the [[Church of Russia|Russian Orthodox ChurchAntioch]] granted the Archdiocese's request to be granted self-rule (as distinct from [[autonomy]] , and though the words have the same literal meaning in English, they are distinct in America Arabic) to allow it to care for the better govern itself, improve and increase its outreach efforts, internally organize itself into several dioceses, and continue progress toward Orthodox Arab faithful administrative unity in the USA and CanadaAmericas. Through his efforts, what is known today as Three new [[bishop]]s were consecrated in December of 2004 to assist in the governance of the Antiochian reorganized Archdiocese came into being.
However, after the The Archdiocese also includes one [[Bolshevik Revolutionmonasticism|monastic]] threw the community, [[Church of Russia|Russian Orthodox ChurchSt. Paul Skete (Grand Junction, Tennessee)]] and its faithful abroad into chaos, the Orthodox Arab faithful in North America, simultaneously shaken by the death a community for women. It does not run any of their beloved bishop St. Raphaelits own seminaries, chose but sends its seminarians to come under the direct care of the theological schools run by other [[Church of Antioch|Patriarchate of Antiochjurisdiction]]s or overseas. Due to internal conflicts The Archdiocese does run various non-seminary educational programs, however, including the Antiochian Orthodox faithful in North America were divided between two [[archdiocese]]St. Stephen's, those of New York and Toledo, generally representing those who were loyal to the [[Church of AntiochCourse in Orthodox Theology]] and the [[Church of Russia]], respectively.
With The Antiochian Archdiocese is also a member of the signing [[Assembly of the Articles Canonical Orthodox Bishops of Reunification by Metropolitan North and Central America]] which superseded [[Philip (Saliba) of New York|Philip (Saliba)SCOBA]] and Metropolitan was formerly a member of the [[Michael (Shaheen) National Council of Toledo|Michael Churches]] (ShaheenNCC), but on [[July 28]] in 1975, the two Antiochian Orthodox archdioceses were united as one Archdiocese of North America (now with 2005, its headquarters in EnglewoodArchdiocesan Convention voted unanimously to withdraw fully from that organization, New Jersey). Metropolitan Philip became thus making it the primate and Metropolitan Michael became an auxiliary archbishop. Since then the Archdiocese has experienced rapid and significant growth through the conversion first of a number of Evangelical Protestants (both individually and as congregations) and also through ongoing evangelization and the immigration of major Orthodox Arabs from jurisdictions in the Middle EastUS to do so.
== The Archdiocese Today == Its current primate is Metropolitan Additionally, the 2005 convention voted another first for a major American Orthodox jurisdiction: to alter the assessment-based model of archdiocesan revenue to a [[Philip tithing|tithe]] (Saliba10%) of New York|Philip each parish's income (Salibaexcepting building funds)]], who has six other diocesan [[bishop]]s assisting him to be phased in caring for the nine [[diocese]]s of the growing Archdiocese, which is the third largest Orthodox Christian [[jurisdiction]] at 8% in North America, having about 250 parishes 2007 and missions then followed by 1% increases in 2008 and approximately 5002009,000 faithfulrespectively. It also includes Of the [[Western Rite Vicariate]]Archdiocese's 236 communities, a group of about 20 [[parish]]es who follow the [[Western Rite]]31 are already tithing.
On ===Diocesan structure===*[[October 9Diocese of Charleston, Oakland, and the Mid-Atlantic (Antiochian)|Diocese of Charleston, Oakland, and the Mid-Atlantic]], 2003 the *[[Holy SynodDiocese of Eagle River and the Northwest (Antiochian)|Diocese of Eagle River and the Northwest]] *[[Diocese of Los Angeles and the West (Antiochian)|Diocese of Los Angeles and the West]]*[[Church Diocese of AntiochMiami and the Southeast (Antiochian)|Diocese of Miami and the Southeast]] granted the Archdiocese's request to be granted self-rule (as distinct from *[[autonomyDiocese of New York and Washington, DC (Antiochian)|Diocese of New York and Washington, D.C]].*[[Diocese of Ottawa, though the words have the same literal meaningEastern Canada and Upstate New York (Antiochian) to allow it to better govern itself|Diocese of Ottawa, improve Eastern Canada and increase its outreach efforts, internally organize itself into several dioceses, Upstate New York]].*[[Diocese of Toledo and progress further on the road to Midwest (Antiochian)|Diocese of Toledo and the administrative unity Midwest]]*[[Diocese of the Orthodox Church in the Americas.Wichita and Mid-America (Antiochian)|Diocese of Wichita and Mid-America]]*[[Diocese of Worcester and New England (Antiochian)|Diocese of Worcester and New England]]
The Archdiocese also includes one monastic community, ===Membership figures===According to the November 2007 issue of the ''Word'' magazine (p. 5)[[Sthttp://www.antiochian.org/assets/word/NOV2007WORD. Paul Skete (Grand Junction, Tennesee)]PDF], a community for women.the following membership figures were reported at the 2007 Archdiocesan Convention:
The {| border="1" class="toccolours" cellpadding="4" cellspacing="0" style="clear:right; margin: 0 0 1em 1em; font-size:95%; text-align:left; border-collapse: collapse;"|-| colspan="4" style="text-align:center; font-size:150%;" | Archdiocese membership figures (2007)|- style="vertical-align: top;"| '''Diocese'''| '''Parishes'''| '''Baptized souls'''|-|- style="vertical-align: top;"| [[Diocese of New York and Washington, DC (Antiochian)|Archdiocesan District]]| 15 | 4639 |- style="vertical-align: top;"| [[Diocese of Ottawa, Eastern Canada and Upstate New York (Antiochian)|Ottawa]] | 18 | 6617 |- style="vertical-align: top;"| [[Diocese of Charleston, Oakland, and the Mid-Atlantic (Antiochian)|Charleston and Oakland]]| 29 | 5838|- style="vertical-align: top;"| [[Diocese of Wichita and Mid-America (Antiochian)|Wichita]] | 45| 6976|- style="vertical-align: top;"| [[Diocese of Toledo and the Midwest (Antiochian Archdiocese is also a member )|Toledo]] | 45| 11145|- style="vertical-align: top;"| [[Diocese of Eagle River and the Northwest (Antiochian)|Eagle River]]| 20| 2257|- style="vertical-align: top;"| [[Diocese of Worcester and New England (Antiochian)|Worcester]]| 11| 4547 |- style="vertical-align: top;"| [[Diocese of Miami and the Southeast (Antiochian)|Miami]]| 36| 4055|- style="vertical-align: top;"| [[SCOBADiocese of Los Angeles and the West (Antiochian)|Los Angeles]].| 33| 8594 |- style="vertical-align: top;"| '''Total''' | '''252'''| '''54667''' |}
== The Episcopacy ==
===Current bishops===
*Most Reverend [[Joseph (Al-Zehlaoui) of Los Angeles|Joseph (Al-Zehlaoui)]], Bishop of Los Angeles, ''Locum Tenens'' of the Diocese of Eagle River and the Northwest
*Right Reverend [[Antoun (Khouri) of Miami|Antoun (Khouri)]], Bishop of Miami
*Right Reverend [[Basil (Essey) of Wichita|Basil (Essey)]], Bishop of Wichita and Mid-America
*Right Reverend [[Thomas (Joseph) of Charleston and Oakland|Thomas (Joseph)]], Bishop of Charleston/Oakland
*Right Reverend [[Alexander (Mufarrij) of Ottawa|Alexander (Mufarrij)]], Bishop of Ottawa
*Right Reverend [[John (Abdalah) of Worcester|John (Abdalah)]], Bishop of Worcester and New England
*Right Reverend [[Anthony (Michaels) of Toledo|Anthony (Michaels)]], Bishop of Toledo and the Midwest
*Right Reverend [[Nicholas (Ozone) of Brooklyn|Nicholas (Ozone)]], Bishop of Brooklyn
*Metropolitan [[Philip (Saliba) of New York|Philip (Saliba)]] of New York and Washington, D.C. (Locum Tenens of the Diocese of New England)
*Bishop [[Antoun (Khouri) of Miami|Antoun (Khouri)]] of Miami and the Southeast
*Bishop [[Basil (Essey) of Wichita|Basil (Essey)]] of Wichita and Mid-America
*Bishop [[Joseph (Al-Zehlaoui) of Los Angeles|Joseph (Al-Zehlaoui)]] of Los Angeles and the West (Locum Tenens of the Diocese of Eagle River, Alaska)
*Bishop [[Thomas (Joseph) of Pittsburgh|Thomas (Joseph)]] of Pittsburgh and the East
*Bishop [[Mark (Maymon) of Toledo|Mark (Maymon)]] of Toledo and the Midwest
*Bishop [[Alexander (Mufarrij) of Ottawa|Alexander (Mufarrij)]] of Ottawa, Eastern Canada and Upstate New York
===Primates===
*New York Archdiocese (1924-1975)
**Metropolitan [[Victor (Abo-Assaley) of New York|Victor (Abo-Assaley)]], 1924-1935
**Metropolitan [[Anthony (Bashir) of New York|Anthony (Bashir)]], 1936-1966
**Metropolitan [[Philip (Saliba) of New York|Philip (Saliba)]], 1966-1975
Former hierarchs of the *Toledo Archdiocese:(1936-1975)**Metropolitan [[Antony Samuel (BashirDavid) of New YorkToledo|Antony Samuel (BashirDavid)]] of New York (, 1936-1966), deceased1958*Archbishop *Metropolitan [[Michael (Shaheen) of Toledo|Michael (Shaheen)]] of Toledo (, 1958-1975), deceased*Bishop [[Demetri (Khoury) of Toledo|Demetri (Khoury)]], auxiliary bishop for Toledo, retired
== External links ==* [http://www.antiochian.org/ Official Website Archdiocese of the Archdiocese]North America (1975-present)* *Metropolitan [[http://www.antiochpat.org/ Official Website Philip (Saliba) of the Orthodox Patriarchate of AntiochNew York|Philip (Saliba)]], 1975-2014
===Former bishops===
*Right Reverend [[Demetri (Khoury) of Jableh|Demetri (Khoury)]], auxiliary bishop for Toledo
 
==Book==
*Corey, George S., ed. ''The First One Hundred Years: a Centennial Anthology Celebrating Antiochian Orthodoxy in North America'', Englewood, NJ: Antakya Press, 1995 (ISBN 0962419028)
 
==External links==
[[Image:Antiochian logo.jpg|right|The Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America]]
*[http://www.antiochian.org/ Official Website of the Archdiocese]
*[http://www.antiochpat.org/ Official Website of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch]
*[http://www.antiochian.org/668 History of the Archdiocese] (book excerpt)
[[Category:Jurisdictions]]
[[Category:Dioceses]]
[[Category:Antiochian Dioceses|North America]]
 
[[fr:Archevêché orthodoxe antiochien d'Amérique du Nord]]
[[ro:Arhiepiscopia Creștină Ortodoxă Antiohiană a Americii de Nord]]
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