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Domnus II of Antioch
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'''Domnus II of Antioch''' was [[bishop]] of Antioch during the fifth century. Not an Nestorian, Domnus became embroiled in the [[Christological]] conflicts in Antioch that resulted in his [[deposition]] as Bishop of Antioch.
Little is known of Domnus' early life. He was a friend of Theodoret of Cyrrhus and the nephew of the Bishop of Antioch, John I, who was a supporter of [[Nestorius]] at the [[Third Ecumenical Council|Council of Ephesus]], but later reconciled with [[Cyril of Alexandria]]. Domnus was a disciple of the anchorite [[Euthymius the Great|Euthymius]] in Palestine.
In 429, Domnus was [[ordination|ordained]] a [[deacon]] by Juvenal of Jerusalem when he was at the [[Lavra]] of Euthymius. In 431, Domnus learned that his uncle, John I the Bishop of Antioch, had become entangled in the [[heresy]] of [[Nestorianism]] and sought leave from Euthymius so that he could aid him. Euthymius counseled Domnus to remain and advised him that going to Antioch would probably be not to his advantage. Also, he advised him that he would probably not be successful in restoring his uncle's dignity. Turning aside Euthymius' advise, Domnus left the [[lavra]] without saying farewell to Euthymius. <ref>Vita S. Euthymii, cc. 42, 56, 57</ref>
In Antioch, Domnus gained much popularity and was elected John I's successor in 442 upon John's death in 441. Soon Bp. Domnus was ranked among the chief bishops in the East. In 445, he convened a [[synod]] of the Syrian [[bishop]]s that confirmed the deposition of Athanasius of Perrha. In 447, Domnus [[consecration of a bishop|consecrated]] Irenaeus as bishop of Tyre. <ref> Theod. Ep. 110; Labbe, Concil. t. iii col. 1275</ref> However, [[Theodosius II]] directed that the appointment be annulled because Irenaeus was involved in a second marriage (digamus) and was sympathetic to Nestorianism.
In 448, Bp. Domnus defended Ibas, the bishop of Edessa, against charges of preaching Nestorianism and, in a synod he convened at Antioch, won a decision in Ibas' favor. The synod went on to depose his accusers. However, Flavian, Bishop of Constantinople, intervened and revoked the sentence set by the synod. Flavian's action was then set aside after the original sentence was confirmed by a commission of three bishops that was formed by emperor Theodosius and Domnus to settled the issue.
In a letter to emperor Theodosius, Domnus was among the earliest of those who questioned the orthodoxy of the [[Eutyches]]. Eutyches, in opposing Nestorianism, asserted the other extreme, that his human nature and divine nature were combined into the [[Monophysitism|single nature]] of [[Christ]].
This dispute became the subject of the [[Robber Council of Ephesus]]. Convening the council on [[August 8]], 449, emperor Theodosius passed over Domnus by naming Dioscorus, Bishop of Alexandria, chairman of the council. In a council dominated by the authoritarian spirit of Dioscorus and supported by the violent Alexandrian [[monk]]s led by Barsumas, Domnus took back his earlier condemnation of Eutyches and voted for his restoration and the condemnation of Flavian. Not withstanding his backsliding, Domnus was himself deposed and banished, charged that he approved a Nestorian sermon preached before him at Antioch by Theodoret.
Domnus was the only bishop deposed and banished at the [[Robber Council]] who was not reinstated after the Council of [[Fourth Ecumenical Council|Chalcedon]] in 451. At the council, Maximus II, Domnus' successor to the [[see]] of Antioch, obtained permission to award a pension to Domnus from the revenues of the church. <ref>Labbe, ib. col. 681; append. col. 770</ref> When he was recalled from exile, Domnus returned to the Lavra of St. Euthymius, the [[monasticism|monastic]] home of his younger days. In 452, he provided refuge to Juvenal of Jerusalem when he was driven from his see. <ref>Theophanes, p. 92</ref>
The date of Domnus' death is not known.domnus
before=[[John I of Antioch|John I]]|
title=Bishop of Antioch|
*[http://www.ccel.org/ccel/wace/biodict.html?term=Domnus%20II.,%20bp.%20of%20Antioch Domnus II Bishop of Antioch]
*[http://www.ccel.org/ccel/schaff/npnf203.iv.x.cx.html NPNF2-03. Theodoret, Jerome, Gennadius, & Rufinus: Historical Writings]]
[[Category: Patriarchs of Antioch]]
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