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Adam (Philippovsky)

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'''Adam (Philipovsky)''', Acting Exarch, Archbishop of the Aleutian Islands and North America, was a Russian [[bishop]] of the Orthodox Church in the United States during the ecclesiastical chaos of the inter-war era of the 1920s to 1940s. He led a group of [[parish]]es whose members were of Galician Carpatho-Russian background. <ref>[[http://www.tccweb.org/willimantic.htm#Holy%20Trinity%20Russian%20Orthodox%20Church]] Holy Trinity Orthodox Church History</ref>
Little information is available about his life. ==Life==Adam (Apollinarievich Philipovsky) -Philipenko was [[consecration born in 1886 in Carpathian-Russia. He attended the Faculty of Law of a bishop|consecrated]] [[bishop]] the University of Canada on Lvov, graduating in 1908. In 1912 he arrived in the United States and was [[October 26]], 1922 by Bishop ordination|ordained a [[Stephen (Dzubay) of Pittsburgh|Stephen (Dzubay)deacon]] who was Bishop of Pittsburgh and senior then [[auxiliary bishop|auxiliarypriest]] to Archbishop by Bp. [[Alexander (Nemolovsky) of Brussels |Alexander{Nemolovsky)]], who had been the ruling bishop . His ordination was apparently in violation of the Russian [[Orthodox Church in America|North American Diocesecanon]]s as he had married to a widow. BpHis wife subsequently died. Stephen had acted as the self-proclaimed "acting head" of the diocese, having not recognized He was [[Patriarchtonsure]] d a [[Tikhon of Moscow|Tikhon'smonk]] oral appointment of Metrwith the name Adam. [[Platon (Rozhdestvensky) of New York|Platon]] as Abp. Alexander's successorIn 1916, he moved to Winnipeg, Canada.
After the confirmation Adam (Philipovsky) was [[consecration of a bishop|consecrated]] [[bishop]] of Metr. Platon's appointment Canada on [[October 26]], 1922 by Patr. TikhonBishop [[Stephen (Dzubay) of Pittsburgh|Stephen (Dzubay)]] who was Bishop of Pittsburgh and senior [[auxiliary bishop|auxiliary]] to Archbishop Alexander, Bishop Adam left then the North American Diocese and headed an independent "ruling [[diocesebishop]]" of Carpatho-the Russian communities consisting mainly of parishes [[Orthodox Church in the northeastern United StatesAmerica|North American Diocese]]. Bp. In 1925, he was involved in Stephen had acted as the self-proclaimed "ownershipacting head" disputes over of the Russian diocese, having not recognized [[Patriarch]] [[StTikhon of Moscow|Tikhon's]] oral appointment of Metr. Nicholas Cathedral [[Platon (Rozhdestvensky) of New York, New York)|Cathedral of St. NicholasPlaton]] on ninety-seventh Street in New York Cityas Abp. <ref>[[http://selectAlexander's successor.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F1081EFE355C17738DDDAA0894D0405B858EF1D3]] New York Times article - Aug 3, 1925</ref>
After the confirmation of Metr. Platon's appointment by Patr. Tikhon, Bishop Adam left the North American Diocese and headed an independent "[[diocese]]" of Carpatho-Russian communities consisting mainly of [[parish]]es in the northeastern United States. In 1925, he was involved in the "ownership" disputes over the Russian [[St. Nicholas Cathedral (New York, New York)|Cathedral of St. Nicholas]] on ninety-seventh Street in New York City. <ref>[[http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F1081EFE355C17738DDDAA0894D0405B858EF1D3]] New York Times article - Aug 3, 1925</ref>  In 1935 , Abp. Adam rejoined the North American [[Diocese ]] as an auxiliary (Archbishop of Philadelphia and the Carpatho-Russians) under Metr. [[Theophilus (Pashkovsky) of San Francisco|Theophilus]]. During the latter part of the 1930s he was involved in the [[clergy]] dispute at the Holy Trinity Church in Yonkers, New York that was finally settled in 1940 with the New York Courts ' recognition of the legitimacy of the North American Diocese and of Metr. Theophilus' election as ruling bishop. <ref>[[http://www.holytrinityyonkers.org/id15.html]] Chap. 4 The Storm Clouds Burst 1930-1940</ref>  On [[July 27]], 1939, the Moscow Patriarchate deprived Abp. Adam of his dignity for disobedience. In 1943/1944, Bphe appealed to Patr. [[Sergius I (Stragorodsky) of Moscow|Sergius]] of Moscow for restoration as [[archbishop]]. Adam joined Initially, denied due to his marriage to a widow, he finally regained his episcopate in 1944 and was retained in the Moscow patriarchal exarchate under Bp. [[Benjamin (Fedchenkov) of the Aleutians|Benjamin]].  From [[August 21]], 1947 to [[October 31]], 1947, Abp. Adam was temporarily (locum tenes?) assigned to lead the exarchate. In 1953, he was appointed [[vicar]] to the Patriarchal exarchate in America. On [[July 30]], 1954, Abp. Adam was granted retirement. He died on [[April 29]], 1956. The 1956 edition of the Yearbook of American Churches <ref>[[http://www.archive.org/stream/yearbookofameric009509mbp/yearbookofameric009509mbp_djvu.txt]] Edition for 1956, National Council of the Churches of Christ in the U.S.A, 297 Fourth Avenue, New York 10, N. Y.</ref> lists [[Archbishop]] Adam Philipovsky as the "Officer" of the Russian Orthodox Catholic Church, Archdiocese of the Aleutian Islands and North America.
Bp. Adam is credited with writing a Russian language play, titled ''Maxim Sandovich'', in 1931, about the [[martyr]]ed Priest [[Saints|St]]. [[Maxim Sandovich]] in Carpatho-Russia. <ref>[[http://www.rusyn.org/rusyns-literature.html]] World Academy of Rusyn Culture, Elaine Rusinko - United States.</ref>
==Sources==
*[''Orthodox America 1794-1976 Development of the Orthodox Church in America'', C. J. Tarasar, Gen. Ed. 1975, The Orthodox Church in America, Syosett, New York, p183*[http://russianchurchusa.org/index.php3?mode=1299&menu=3460&id=3479&ln=en Patriarchal parishes in the USA]*[http://www.holytrinityyonkers.org/id15.html]] Chap. 4 The Storm Clouds Burst 1930-1940]
==External links==
*[http://www.tccweb.org/ctitems.htm Russian Orthodox Churches of Connecticut]
*[http://www.tccweb.org/willimantic.htm Holy Trinity Russian Orthodox Church, Willimantic, CT]
*[http://www.rocorstudies.org/?part=publications&aid=11028 Archbishop Ieronim (Ioann Chernov) of Flint]
[[Category: Bishops]]
[[Category:20th-century bishops]]
[[Category: Church History]]
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