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Demophilus of Constantinople

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Little of Demophilus' early life is known. He was born in Thessalonica and was [[Bishop]] of Berea before being elected Bishop of Constantinople in 370 by the Arian party of bishops. Earlier, the Orthodox party in the religiously divided city elected [[Evagrius]] as their bishop, but he and Eustathius, who had consecrated Evagrius to the Constantinople [[see]], were both banished by Emperor Valens, a supporter of Demophilus and the Arian cause. The followers of Evagrius and Eustathius were persecuted severely.
After his ascension as [[patriarch]], Demophilus was unsuccessful in obtaining the election of an Arian as bishop of Cyzicus, a position left vacant after Eucomius was banished. The people of Cyzicus refused to recognize Demophilus, as well as Dorothesus who accompanied him, until after they had [[anathema|anathematized]] [[Aetius of Antioch|Aetius]], [[Eucomius]], and their followers. Demophilus was then allowed by the people to [[consecration of a bishop|consecrate]] a bishop chosen by them. After his consecration the new bishop of Cyzicus taught forthrightly the faith of the [[Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed|Nicene Creed]].
In 380, after [[Theodosius the Great (emperor)|Theodosius I]] had ascended to the imperial throne, he offered Demophilus a confirmation to the patriarchal see if he would agree to the Nicene Creed. After Demophilus refused the offer, Theodosius immediately directed Demophilus to surrender all his churches. <ref>[[http://www.ccel.org/ccel/schaff/npnf202.ii.viii.viii.html]] NPNF2-02. Socrates and Sozomenus Ecclesiastical Histories</ref> Whereupon Demophilus retired with his followers to a [[church]] outside Constantinople thus leaving the churches in Constantinople, and adjacent cities, in the hands of the Orthodox for the first time after forty years of control by the Arians.
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