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Second Ecumenical Council

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[[Image:SecondEcumenical.jpg|right|thumb|200px|Holy Fathers of the Second Ecumenical Council]]
The '''Second Ecumenical Council''' took place in Constantinople in 381 AD, and is also known as the '''First Council of Constantinople.'''
 
The second of the [[Ecumenical_Councils|seven Ecumenical Councils]] dealt with the following:
#*The heresies of [[Macedonianism]] and [[Apollinarianism]], off-shoots of the [[Arianism|Arian heresy]]*Expanding and Adapting adapting the [[Nicene Creed]], in particular , developing the teaching upon the [[Holy Spirit]]#*Altering the provisions of the Canon VI of the [[First Ecumenical Council|First Council in Nicea]]
Regarding the teaching of the Holy Spirit, the Council affirmed him to be God "even as the Father and Son are God: who proceeds from the Father, who with the Father and the Son together is worshipped and together glorified." After about 381, [[Arianism]] ceased to be a relevant issue, save for a few remote parts of the empire.
Regarding the teaching The controversial aspect of the Holy Spiritthis Council was Canon III, which gave Constantinople second place in honor among the Council affirmed him to be God "even as [[see]]s. They called it the Father New Rome. Rome and Son are God: "who proceeds from the FatherAlexandria both resented this, who with the Father and feared that a power play might come into effect by Constantinople. In fact, Rome ignored this canon entirely until AD 1215, after the Son together is worshipped [[Great Schism]], and together glorifiedeven then there were political reasons for Rome's 'granting' of Constantinople second place in honor." After about 381Alexandria, Arianism ceased to be a relevant issueformally second in honor among the sees, save for a few remote parts of was first in honor in the Eastern sees. With the third canon, it became third in honor among the sees, and second in honor in the empireEastern sees.
The controversial aspect of this Council was Canon III, which gave Constantinople second place in honor among the sees. They called it the New Rome. Rome and Alexandria both resented this, and feared that a power play might come into effect by Constantinople. In fact, Rome ignored this Canon entirely until AD 1215, after the Great Schism, and even then there were political reasons for Rome's ?granting' of Constantinople second place in honor. Alexandria, formally second in honor among the sees, was first in honor in the Eastern sees. With the third Canon, they were third in honor among the sees, and second in honor in the Eastern sees. Alexandria played a part in this sharp conflict between they it and Constantinople, and while there was political maneuvering on both sides that saw the felling two Bishops [[bishop]]s of Constantinople, there was more at stake as we approach the [[Third Ecumenical Council|Third Council]].==Commemoration==The Holy Fathers of the Second Ecumenical Council are commemorated on [[May 22]] and also on the 9th Sunday after [[Pentecost]], with the [[Sunday of the Fathers of the First Six Councils]].
== Source ==
*''The Orthodox Church'', Bishop KALLISTOS [[Kallistos (Ware) of DiokletiaDiokleia]] == External Links ==*[http://www.intratext.com/IXT/ENG0835/_INDEX.HTM Canons of the seven ecumenical councils]*[http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsLife.asp?FSID=101462 Commemoration of the Holy Fathers of the Second Ecumenical Council] – [[OCA]] website.[[Category:Canon Law]][[Category:Church History]][[Category:Councils]][[Category:Creeds]][[Category:Ecumenical Councils]] [[ar:المجمع المسكوني الثاني]][[el:Β΄ Οικουμενική Σύνοδος]][[mk:Втор вселенски собор]][[ro:Sinodul II Ecumenic]]
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