→Oriental Orthodox Churches
Thus, despite potentially confusing nomenclature, Oriental Orthodox churches are distinct from the churches that collectively are referred to as ''[[Orthodox Church|Eastern Orthodoxy]]''.
The Oriental Orthodox churches came to a [[schism|parting of the ways]] with the remainder of [[Christianity]] in the 5th century. The separation resulted in part from the Oriental Orthodox churches' refusal to accept the [[Christology|Christological]] [[dogma]]s promulgated by the [[
Fourth Ecumenical Council|Council of Chalcedon]], which held that [[Jesus Christ]] has two [[physis|nature]]s — one divine and one human, although these were inseparable and only act as one [[hypostasis]]. To the [[hierarch]]s who would lead the Oriental Orthodox, this was tantamount to accepting [[Nestorianism]]. In response, they advocated a formula that stressed unity of the [[Incarnation]] over all other considerations. The Oriental Orthodox churches are therefore often called "[[Monophysitism|Monophysite]]" churches, although they reject this label, which is associated with [[Eutychianism|Eutychian Monophysitism]], preferring the term ''non-Chalcedonian'' or ''Miaphysite'' churches. Oriental Orthodox Christians anathematize the Monophysite teachings of [[Eutyches]]. They are sometimes also known as ''anti-Chalcedonians''.
In the 20th century, a number of dialogues have occurred between the Oriental Orthodox and the Chalcedonian Orthodox which suggest that both communions now share a common [[Christology]] with differing terminology. As yet, [[full communion]] has not been restored. There have also been some agreed Christological statements issued in conjunction with the [[Roman Catholic Church]] and the Eastern Orthodox (Chalcedonian) family (Ecumenical Patriarchate and official representatives of other Eastern Orthodox Churches) [http://www.monachos.net/mb/messages/4225/ORIENT3-20256.doc].
== Oriental Orthodox
The Oriental Orthodox
Communion is a group of churches within Oriental Orthodoxy which are in [[full communion]] with each other [http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arbible/message/25751]. The communion includes:
* The [[Church of
Armenia]] ( Armenian Apostolic Church) * The [[Church of Antioch (Syriac)]] (Syriac Orthodox, "Jacobite") ** [[Malankara Jacobite Syriac Orthodox Church]], a branch and an integral part of the Syriac Orthodox Church with the Oriental Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch as its supreme head * The [[Church of Alexandria (Coptic)]]
** The [[British Orthodox Church (Coptic)|British Orthodox Church]], canonically part of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria since 1994
* The [[
Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church]]* The [[ Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church]]* The [[Church of India]] (Malankara , Indian Orthodox, Orthodox Syrian Church of the East)
== Assyrian Church of the East ==
The [[Assyrian Church of the East]] is sometimes considered an Oriental Orthodox Church, although it is not in communion with Oriental Orthodox churches and they have a [[Nestorianism|Nestorian]] or Nestorian-like
[[Christology ]] that differs from the declaration of the [[Fourth Ecumenical Council|Council of Chalcedon ]] in an opposite way from the [[Miaphysitism|Miaphysites]]. By the time of the Monophysite controversy, the Assyrians had already separated from the Orthodox Church with the [[Third Ecumenical Council|Council of Ephesus]]. The Church follows the [[East Syrian Rite|East Syrian rite]].
links==*[http://www. ethiopianorthodox. org/ indexoriental. htm Oriental Orthodox Churches]*[http://www. armenianchurch.org The Armenian Apostolic Church]*[http://www.prounione.urbe.it/dia-int/oo-rc_syrindia/doc/i_oo-rc_syrindia_1984.html Common declaration of Pope John Paul II and Patriarch Mar Ignatius Zakka I Iwas]*[http://www.coptic.org The Coptic Church in the Diaspora]
*[http://www.eotc.faithweb.com/orth.html The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church]
*[http://St-Takla.org/ Saint Takla Haymanot Coptic Orthodox Church
(Alexandria, Egypt )]*[http:// www.stmaryscathedral.net/ St Mary's Malankara Orthodox Syrian Cathedral (Philadelphia, PA , USA)]*[http://www.orthodoxunity.org Website on the unity between Oriental and Eastern Orthodox Churches]
*[http://www.orthodoxsermons.org Collection of Sermons on Orthodoxy (Coptic)]
*[http://aggreen.net/autocephaly/oriental.html Oriental Orthodox Churches]
*[http://www.socdigest.org/ Shroro - The Syriac Orthodox Christian Digest]
*[http://www.copticchurch.org/Texts/Spirituals/Natofchr.pdf ''The Nature of Christ''] (PDF) by Pope [[Shenouda III (Gayyid) of Alexandria]]
*[http://www.orthodoxunity.org/statements.html Eastern-Oriental Orthodox Unity - Official Satements]
A case against reunion is made by this article: [http://www.orthodoxinfo.com/ecumenism/ea_mono.aspx Opposition to Union with the Oriental Churches and the Unresolved Theological Differences Between the Two] *[http://www.orthodox-library.org/ Oriental Orthodox Library]
*[http://www.orthodox-icons-olympia.blogspot.com/ Oriental Orthodox Iconographer]