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Panagia Portaitissa

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History of the icon
==History of the icon==
This During the 9th century, this icon was the personal property of a devout widow from [[Nicea]]<ref> This town in Asia Minor no longer exists, but in its time it was the venue for two Ecumenical Councils; the first, which composed the first eight articles of Nicean Creed, and the seventh, which reinstituted the veneration of icons after a lengthy struggle with the iconoclast heresy, which had erroneously equated the veneration of icons to idol worship. </ref> in Asia Minor, who kept it and honored it in her private [[chapel]] during the 9th century.
The It was during the reign of the iconoclast Byzantine emperor's men who heard Theophilus that soldiers came to the house of this decided not to carry out immediately the order about icons, but tried to blackmail its rich ownerwidow. In One of the time which they gave her to collect soldiers struck the money they demandedIcon with his sword, the widow took the icon and her dearly loved son and, after fervent prayer, took it immediately blood began to flow from the sea and left it on the surface gashed cheek of the wavesVirgin. Shaken by this miracle, so that it should not be defiled by the iconoclasts. The icon stood upright on the water and began to head towards the westsoldier instantly repented, while renounced the widow's soniconoclast heresy, following her and entered a monastery. On his advice, also fled towards the west to escape persecution. Later he became a [[monk]] and died on widow concealed the north-east coast of Mount Athos near or Icon in the [[Monastery]] of Clement (now [[Iviron Monastery (Athos)|Iviron Monastery]]), and so the [[anchorite]]s round about heard from him the story of the iconorder to avert its further desecration.
One eveningAfter praying for guidance before the Icon, the widow put the Holy Image into the sea. The icon did not sink and stood upright on the water and began to drift towards the west, when monks from Georgia while the widow's son, following her advice, also fled towards the west to escape persecution. Later he became a [[monk]] and died on the north-east coast of Mount Athos near or in the [[Monastery]] of Clement (now [[w:Caucasian IberiaIviron Monastery (Athos)|Caucasian IberiansIviron Monastery]]) . There he recounted the story of how his mother had started set the Holy Icon upon the waves, and this story hes been handed down from one generation of monks to live at another.  Many years later, the Icon made its appearance on the Monastery of ClementHoly Mountain. According to Athonite tradition, an amazing phenomenon puzzled all the monks of the Iveron area: a column of fire stood upright on the sea and reached to the heavens. This At that time the holy monk Gabriel was one of the brotherhood in this monastery. The Mother of God appeared to him in a vision continued and directed him to be seen for several daysconvey to the abbot and brothers of the monastery that She wished them to have Her Icon as their help and salvation. She told Gabriel to approach the Icon on the waters without fear and take it with his hands. Obedient to the words of the Mother of God, says Athonite tradition, Gabriel "walked upon the waters as though upon dry land, " took up the Icon and brought it back to the shore. The icon was then brought into the monastery and placed in the monks saw altar.  Nevertheless, after its reception and installation in the [[church]], the icon adrift in repeatedly disappeared and was found above the gate of the monastery on the inside. In a dream, the seaBlessed Virgin told St. They made their supplications to God Gabriel that this priceless treasure should was the place which she herself had chosen, so that she could protect the monks and not be given protected by them. Thus the icon has taken the name of "Portaitissa" and to themthis day its presence in the monastery and on the Holy Mountain is regarded as a guarantee of the protection of Athonite [[monasticism]] by the Theotokos. Later, a chapel was built near the wall of the monastery in which the icon was placed, while the old entrance was closed and a grander one was built.  The [[miracle]]s performed by the Portaitissa are unnumbered, and are celebrated especially on [[August 15]] and on Monday of [[Bright Week]], when there is a procession and the Theotokos appeared finding of the icon is commemorated with a [[liturgy]] in the chapel on the shore, at the exact spot where St. Gabriel took it out of the sea. == More recent times == In more recent times, the Icon has come to be known as the "Iveron" Mother of God, in connection with the devout anchorite Gabriel name of the monastery.  News of this wonder-working Icon reached Russia through pilgrims who had visited Mt. Athos. In the Iberian and bade him 17th century Archimandrite Nikon of Moscow (later to walk on become Patriarch) asked the abbot of the water Iveron monastery to take send a copy of the icon Icon to Russia, and this request was fulfilled. The copy of this Icon also began to give work miracles and a special chapel was built for it next to the [[abbot]] Kremlin walls in Moscow, where it was especially revered by the Russian people until the Revolution of 1917. The chapel was destroyed by the Bolsheviks and brethren the fate of the monasteryIcon is not known.
Nevertheless, after its reception and installation in the [[church]], the icon repeatedly disappeared and was found above the gate of the monastery on the inside. In a dream, the Blessed Virgin told St. Gabriel that this was the place which she herself had chosen, so that she could protect the monks and not be protected by them. Thus the icon took the name of "Portaitissa," and to this day its presence in the monastery and on the Holy Mountain is regarded as a guarantee of the protection of Athonite [[monasticism]] by the Theotokos. Later, a chapel was built near the wall of the monastery in which the icon was placed, while the old entrance was closed and a grander one was built. The [[miracle]]s performed by the Portaitissa are unnumbered, and are celebrated especially on [[August 15]] and on Monday of [[Bright Week]], when there is a procession and the finding of the icon is commemorated with a [[liturgy]] in the chapel on the shore, at the exact spot where St. Gabriel took it out of the sea.
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==Her oil lamp==
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