'''Prayer''', with [[fasting]] and [[almsgiving]], is one of the three "pillars of piety" ([[Gospel of Matthew|Matthew]] 6:1-18). The Orthodox Church teaches that all of the [[virtues]] and powers of [[God]] are attained primarily by prayer.
==Personal and private prayer==
St. [[Apostle Paul|Paul]], in his first letter to the Thessalonians says, "pray without ceasing", and to the Romans, "be constant in prayer." This has been interpreted by Orthodox tradition in two different ways. One is to have regular times for prayer which are never skipped, a [[prayer rule]]. The other is to have a brief prayer verse, usually the [[Jesus Prayer]] which is repeated over and over, literally hundreds of times throughout the day and night, until it becomes perpetually implanted in the heart, as a continual presence in the soul, calling out to the Lord.
Orthodoxy teaches that Jesus, in praying to his [[God the Father|Father]], prayed for his people, and he is the only competent intercessor for mankind before God. In his resurrected glory, he prays eternally to his Father on behalf of all. In and through Christ, Orthodox Christians become competent to intercede before God. In the name of Jesus, Christians are authorized to pray for each other and for all creation. All prayer is to God the Father, through his Son, in his [[Holy Spirit]], even if not mentioned in the words of the prayer.
*[http://www.oca.org/OCchapter.asp?SID=2&ID=191 Prayer] - V. Rev. [[Thomas Hopko]]
*[http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=sG_3pZvMQ4g Purpose of Orthodox Christian prayer], Bishop. Christodoulos of the Holy Metropolis Old Calendar G.O. Church discusses the purpose of Orthodox Christian prayer.
*[http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=1FEWldidLCM Amateur video on Orthodox Prayer]