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Raphael of Brooklyn

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[[Image:Raphael_of_Brooklyn.jpg|right|thumb|200px250px|St. Raphael of Brooklyn]]Our father among the saints '''Raphael of Brooklyn''' ([[November 20]], 1860 - [[February 27]], 1915) was born Rafla Hawaweeny in DamascusBeirut, Lebanon, Syriato Damascene Syrian refugee parents. He was educated at the Patriarchal School in Damascus, the [[Theological School of Halki|School of Orthodox Theology in Halki Island]], Turkey, and at the Theological [[Academy ]] in Kiev, Russia. In 1904 he became the first Orthodox [[bishop]] to be consecrated in North America; the consecration was done by Archbishop St. [[Tikhon of Moscow]] and Bishop Innocent in New York City. He served as [[bishop]] of Brooklyn, New York until his death.
During the course of his ministry as an auxiliary bishop of the [[Church of Russia|Russian Orthodox Church]] in America, St. Raphael founded the present-day primatial cathedral of the [[Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America]] (St. Nicholas Cathedral), established thirty parishes, and assisted in the founding of [[St. Tikhon's Orthodox Monastery (South Canaan, Pennsylvania)|St. Tikhon's Orthodox Monastery]] in South Canaan, Pennsylvania.
[[Image:Raphael_of_Brooklyn_grave.jpg|left|thumb|200px|The tomb of St. Raphael at [[Antiochian Village]], Ligonier, Pennsylvania]]
==Glorification==
[[Image:Raphael of Brooklyn grave.jpg|right|thumb|150px|The tomb of St. Raphael at [[Antiochian Village]], Ligonier, Pennsylvania]]Bishop Raphael was [[glorification|glorified ]] (numbered among the saints) by the [[Holy Synod]] of the [[Orthodox Church in America]] in its March 2000 session, and the glorification services by that Holy Synod took place in May of that year at [[St. Tikhon's Orthodox Monastery (South Canaan, Pennsylvania)|St. Tikhon's Monastery]] with the participation of bishops representing the [[Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America]], the [[Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America]], and the [[Church of Poland]]. He is commemorated by the [[Orthodox Church in America]] on [[February 27]], the anniversary of his death, and by the [[Church of Antioch]] on the first Saturday of November, which is shortly before Raphael's own patronal feast (the [[Feast of the Archangels]], [[November 8]]). ==Hymns==[[Troparion]] (Tone 3):Rejoice, O Father Raphael, Adornment of the Holy Church!:Thou art Champion of the true Faith, :Seeker of the lost, Consolation of the oppressed, [[Image:Raphael engolpion.jpg|right|thumb|150px|[[Engolpion]] of St. Raphael]]:Father to orphans, and Friend of the poor, :Peacemaker and Good Shepherd, Joy of all the Orthodox, :Son of Antioch, Boast of America: :Intercede with Christ God for us and for all who honor thee. [[Kontakion]] (Tone 3):Today the memory of blessed Raphael hath shone on us; :For having received Christ's call, he faithfully took up his cross :and followed Him becoming a fisher of men. :Let us cry aloud to him saying: Rejoice O Father Raphael! 
{{start box}}
{{succession|
before=—|
title=Archbishop Bishop of Brooklyn|
years=1904-1915|
after=[[Aftimios Ofiesh]]}}
{{end box}}
 
== Sources==
* ''Orthodox America 1794-1976 Development of the Orthodox Church in America'', C. J. Tarasar, Gen. Ed. 1975, The Orthodox Church in America, Syosett, New York.
== External links ==
[[Image:Raphael engolpion.jpg|right|thumb|150px|[[Engolpion]] of St. Raphael]]
* [http://www.angelfire.com/pa3/straphaelcanonized/ Saint Raphael of Brooklyn Website]
* [http://www.antiochian.org/saint_raphael St. Raphael of Brooklyn] ([[Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America|Antiochian Archdiocese]] site)
* [http://www.orthodoxphotos.com/Holy_Fathers/St._Raphael_Hawaweeny/index.shtml Photos of St. Raphael Hawaweeny]
*[http://www.orthodoxphotos.com/Various_Photos/Glorification_of_St._Raphael_Hawaweeny/ Photos from the glorification of St. Raphael]
*[http://www.oca.org/pages/orth_chri/feasts-andFS.NA-saints/oca/st-raphael-hawaweeny/life-and-conductSaint.html Life of asp?SID=4&Saint=Raphael St. Raphael, Bishop of Brooklyn] ([[OCA]] site)*[http://www.dowama.org/sites/docs/SVCRaphaelAkolouthia.pdf Akolouthia (Service) to St. Raphael], according to the use of the [[Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America|Antiochian Archdiocese]]*[http://www.comeandseeicons.com/r/ipa01.htm Icon of St. Raphael of Brooklyn]*[http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9E0CE3D7173CE433A25756C1A96F9C94649ED7CF "Christian Church to be Filled by a Damascus Preacher"], 1895 ''New York Times'' article
[[Category:American Saints]]
[[Category:Bishops of Brooklyn]]
[[Category:Bishops]]
[[Category:20th-century bishops]]
[[Category:Missionaries]]
[[Category:Saints]]
[[Category:Modern Saints]]
[[Category:Theological School of Halki Graduates]]
[[Category: Kiev Academy Graduates]]
[[Category:20th-century saints]]

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