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Western Rite Criticism

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The Western Rite in the Orthodox Church is not without its critics. Objections are made in regards to desire for liturgical uniformity within Orthodoxy and fears that the Western Rite would produce division within the Church. Some question the sincerity of Western Rite converts, just as some question the conversions [[conversion]]s of those within the Byzantine Rite. Finally, some complain about a lack of organic liturgical continuity, or will not attend a Western Rite Eucharist. However, no Orthodox [[parish ]] may deny the [[Eucharist ]] to visiting faithful of the canonical Western Rite, regardless of their feelings about the concept of Western Rite Orthodoxy. There have been no schisms [[schism]]s within the episcopacy of the Orthodox Church regarding the issue of Western Rite parishes.
Whether the Western Rite will grow in its acceptance by Orthodox Christians who follow the [[Byzantine ]] Rite remains to be seen. In the meantime, the Orthodox bishops who oversee Western Rite parishes—and many who oversee no Western Rite parishes—continue to declare their Western flocks to be true Orthodox Christians and regard them as fully in communion with the rest of the Church.
==Byzantine only==
==Lack of liturgical continuity==
Finally, more historically minded criticisms of the Western Rite usually center around the idea that it is untenable to try to revive a liturgical tradition which was lost centuries ago when the West fell away from the [[Orthodox Church]]. This argument essentially states that, because the Western Rite died out in the Church, and because a continuous living tradition is a necessary element of liturgical practice, the Western Rite ought to be abandoned and only developments from the Byzantine Rite ought to be pursued.
In contrast to this claim, others note that it is not a dogmatic principle of the Church that liturgical traditions can neither be revived nor created. After all, there are whole services even within the Byzantine Rite which are not universally practiced (e.g., the [[molieben]]), so they must have been invented somewhere along the way rather than being part of the [[typikon]] when it first came into the form we now know it.
Another response to such criticisms is that the the vast majority of the rites being used by Western Rite Orthodox Christians are not new, but mainly predate the [[Great Schism]]. The ordinary of the [[Liturgy of St. Gregory]], for example, predates the schism. (Many devotions developed after the schism with which critics take issue are in fact paraliturgical.)
Further, a number of the pre-schism texts (not simply the ordinary but the propers) have been fully restored and translated, such as the [[Sarum Rite]], a local use of the [[Roman rite]] from the pre-schismatic period[,M1]. (The historicity of this claim is disputed by modern Anglican scholars, however.[ html]) Translations of the Sarum rite are currently utilized in [[ROCOR]] as well as the [[Old Calendarists|Old Calendarist]] [[Holy Synod of Milan|Milan Synod]], the latter also having some Mozarabic rite communities. As well, the Celtic and Ambrosian rite has rites have been used on occasion by the [[Church of Russia|Moscow Patriarchate]].
Bishop [[Jerome (Shaw) of Manhattan]] (ROCOR) also argues Further, the littlenow fairly well-known [[Liturgy of St. Peter, a [[liturgyJames]] outwardly identical to that of the Byzantine rite with the ancient Gregorian canon in its place, never once fell out of use within Orthodoxy. The Old Believers throughout most of the Church and others has now been revived in many places to be celebrated this, explicitly endorsing the validity of the Western canon. At present, the historicity of this assertion is not universally acceptedon [[October 23]].
FurtherAlso special form of Roman Rite Divine Liturgy, the now fairly well-known [[Liturgy of Of St. JamesPeter the Apostle]] was used with continuity in Holy [[Mount Athos]] once fell out of use throughout most of the Church , and has now been revived in many places to be celebrated on by some Russian [[October 23Old Believers]].
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