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List of autocephalous and autonomous churches

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Autocephalous churches
{{[[Image:World canonical territories.png|right|thumb|600px|Map of the canonical territories of autocephalous and autonomous Orthodox jurisdictions ("churches}}"). Where a certain territory is disputed (either between two different churches or one church claims it as its territory while others consider it part of the diaspora), it is shown shaded. Click image to magnify.]][[Image:Europe canonical territories.png|right|thumb|200px|The European section of the above map, in closer detail. Click image to magnify.]]The '''[[autocephaly|autocephalous]] and [[autonomy|autonomous]] Orthodox churches''' are those churches (i.e. [[jurisdiction]]s) which have self-government. These jurisdictions are united in doctrine and worship, they recognize each other as canonical, they are in [[full communion]], and together they constitute ''the Orthodox Church''. The use of the term "churches" to refer to the various jurisdictions is informal; strictly speaking, they are just parts of the One Church, the Orthodox Church.
The '''[[autocephaly|autocephalous]] and [[autonomy|autonomous]] Orthodox churches''' fact that these jurisdictions are those churches which have self-government. These churches also constitute what is generally known simply in full communion with each other means that they recognize each other as ''parts of the Orthodox Church. However, it does not necessarily mean that they agree about each other'', but may also be referred to as the s precise ''mainstream Orthodox Churchrank'' or ''world Orthodoxystatus''within the Church. They all recognize one another and The autocephaly or autonomy of several bodies is disputed. This means that there is a disagreement about whether the bodies in question are self-governing or not. So, for example, some consider the Orthodox Church in [[full communion]] with each otherAmerica to be self-governing, while others consider it to be a part of the Church of Russia.
That they constitute As a result, there are two ways to make a list of autocephalous and autonomous churches. The first way is to list only the jurisdictions that are ''universally'' recognized as self-governing. This may be called the "mainstreamminimal list" (i.e., that they are legitimately and/or exclusively it is used in most inter-Orthodox) gatherings. The second way is disputed by a number of groups with whom they to list all those jurisdictions that are not in communion, such recognized as most of the [[Old Calendarists]]self-governing by ''at least one'' other jurisdiction.
Despite these churches all being Groups that are ''not'' in communion with one another, there is not currently unanimous agreement on which churches are considered autocephalous or autonomous. There is, however, an order which is followed in international Inter-the mainstream Orthodox gatheringsChurch, which is included here first. There is an expanded order which is recognized by such as some churches, most notably of the [[Church of RussiaOld Calendarists]] and its dependencies and historical daughter churches, are excluded from both versions of the list.
==Inter-Orthodox orderMinimal list==This is a list of churches that are recognized as autocephalous or autonomous by '''all''' the others. They are shown here in the canonical order established by Church Tradition.
===Autocephalous churches===
*[[Church of Constantinople|Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople]]
*[[Church of Finland]]
==Expanded orderlist==This is a list of churches that are recognized as autocephalous or autonomous by '''at least some''' of the others. They are also shown here in canonical order.
===Autocephalous churches===
*[[Church of Constantinople|Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople]]
*[[Church of the Czech Lands and Slovakia]]
*[[Orthodox Church in America]] (autocephaly recognized only by Moscow, Bulgaria, Georgia, Poland, and the Czech Lands and Slovakia)
*[[Orthodox Church of Ukraine]] (autocephaly recognized by Constantinople)
It should be noted that in the [[diptychs]] of the Moscow Patriarchate and some of its daughter churches (e.g., the OCA), the ranking of four of the patriarchal churches is different. Following Moscow in rank is Georgia, followed by then Serbia, Romania, and then Bulgaria. According to all four ancient Patriarchates, and the Church of Greece, the Church The remainder of Cyprus actually appears before Moscow in the hierarchy. Until the 5th century she has been struggling to remain free from Antioch. A monk had a dream which revealed the tomb of Barnabus, rankings beginning with a copy of the Gospel of Matthew. Since then the Archbishop of Cyprus has had certain privileges, like being able to wear a red rasson underneath is the black clerical robes, having a stick featuring a double headed snake, and being able to sign his name in redsame.
===Autonomous churches===
*[[Church of Sinai]]
*[[Church of Finland]]
*[[Church of Estonia (Ecumenical Patriarchate)|Church of Estonia]] (autonomy recognized by Constantinople but not Moscow)
*[[Church of Japan]] (autonomy recognized by Moscow but not Constantinople)
*[[Church of China]] (virtually non-existent, autonomy recognized by Moscow but not Constantinople)
*[[Church of Ukraine]] (autonomy recognized by Moscow but not Constantinople)
*[[Archdiocese of Ohrid]] (autonomy recognized only by Serbia)
==Formerly independent Former self-governing churches==These churches were formerly autocephalous or autonomous, but they are no longer Orthodox, or in some cases no longer exist.
*[[Church of Rome|Patriarchate of Rome]] (See [[Great Schism]])
*[[Church of Carthage]]
*[[Church of Latvia]]
*[[Church of Lithuania]]
*[[Church of Rome]] (See [[Great Schism]])
==Unrecognized independent churchesChurches in schism==The following churches are variously unrecognized by in [[schism]] from the mainstream churches as independent Orthodox Church. In other words, they are not in communion and not considered part of the Orthodox Church, although in most cases they maintain the same doctrine and/or canonicalthe same practices.
*[[Macedonian Orthodox Church]]
*[[Church of Ukraine (Kiev Patriarchate)]]
*[[Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church]]
*[[Belarusian Autocephalous Orthodox Church]]
*[[Orthodox Church of France]]
*[[Macedonian Orthodox Church]]
*[[Montenegrin Orthodox Church]]
*[[Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church]]
==See also==
*[[Autonomy]]
*[[List of Patriarchs]]
 
{{churches}}
==Sources==
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