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By mid-2006, a number of ROCOR parishes had made clear that they wanted no part of administrative union with the reconciliation between the Moscow Patriarchateand ROCOR, retaining wishing to retain the status quo as it had been for most of ROCOR's existence. When it became clear that the union reconciliation would occur after it had de facto occurredbeen approved by the 4th All-Diaspora Sobor, various Bishops were consulted clergy began to make plans for what should be done in such the establishment of a caserival Synod.
Following the signing of the Act of Canonical Communion in Moscow, Russia, on May 17, 2007, Bishop Agafangel declared that he did not accepted the document and would "continue to abide by the previous Bylaws of the ROCOR, considering any actions of the Moscow Patriarchate to be unlawful." He accused the Moscow Patriarchate of "sins of sergianism and ecumenism." On May 22, 2007, Bishop Agafangel issued a statement that he and Bishop [[Daniel (Alexandrow) of Erie|Daniel of Erie]] were organizing a Provisional Supreme Church Authority for those who "have remained in the ROCOR", citing authority of Ukase No. 362 of Patriarch Tikhon of Moscow, dated November 20, 1920. While Bishop Daniel had previously expressed reservations about the Act of Canonical Communion, there is no evidence that he ever intended to break with the [[ROCOR]] Synod; rather, the elderly vicar for the care of Old-Ritualists continued to remain in communion with Metropolitan Laurus. There were claims that Bishop Daniel had been placed under a form of house arrest on some internet journals[], but there is no evidence that this is true.
In practice, Agafangel found himself alone, supported by a handful of clergy and the majority of his parishes in Ukraine, which had refused to join the Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate), and thus would have no part of unionthe reconciliation.
On May 20, 2007, the members of the [[ROCOR]] synod, meeting in Moscow, suspended Bishop Agafangel for inciting schism, disobeying lawful authority, and refusing transfer to the Buenos Aires cathedral.
At an emergency meeting of the ROCOR synod on June 28 and 29, 2007, issued a "final letter of warning" to Bp. Agafangel, calling on him to cease all schismatic activity. The synod also approved the suspension of Abbot Andronik (Kotliaroff), head of the Russian Ecclesiastic Mission in Jerusalem, and other clerics that supported Agafangel. However on December 7, 2007, with the aid of bishops from the [[Holy Synod in Resistance]], with whom ROCOR was had been in communion until their impending union about a year prior to reconciliation with Moscow was accepted fact(though relations had been strained since, and episcopal concelabrations had essentially ceased after 1998), Agafangel carried out the [[consecration of a bishop|consecration]] of Abbot Andronik (Kotrliaroff) as Bishop of Richmond Hill and New York and Hieromonk Sofroniy (Musienko) as Bishop of Saint Petersburg and Northern Russia. These ordinations marked the final breach of the new organization with the ROCOR synod, calling itself the Provisional Supreme Church Authority.
On September 4, 2008, the PSCA received into its communion two bishops from the [[Russian Catacomb Movement (Sekachev faction)|Seraphimo-Gennadian (Sekachev) branch of the Russian Catacomb Church]]. There was considerable debate over the status of the two bishops received. On November 19, 2008, the Provisional Supreme Church Authority called what it termed the Fifth All-Diaspora Council (in reference to the Four All-Diaspora Council of the [[ROCOR]] which overwhelmingly supported reconciliation with the Moscow Patriarchate). Among other decisions, the council elevated Bp. Agafangel to the rank of [[metropolitan]].

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