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Joseph (Petrovykh) of Petrograd

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[[Metropolitan]] '''Joseph(Petrovykh) of Petrograd''' (Petrovykh, 1870?-1938) was a [[vicar]] hierarch of Petrograd (also known as Leningrad) and was transferred in 1926 to Odessa. He refused to move from his the [[seeRussian Orthodox Church]] and was [[martyr]]ed by during the Communists after a series early part of imprisonments for not recognizing the declaration of Metropolitan twentieth century who during the persecutions objected strenuously to the [[Sergius I (Stragorodsky) of Moscow|Metr. Sergius]] as valid' issuance of the declaration of support for the Bolshevik regime in 1927. He was widely regarded as became the most vocal leader of the [[Catacomb Church]] in [[Russia]] during Her formative years. He , and was [[glorification|glorified]] as a [[New Martyrs and Confessors of Russia|New Martyr]] by the [[Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia]] who celebrate his [[feast day]] on [[December 15]], but his glorification has not been recognized by the [[Church of Russia|Patriarchate of Russia]]in 1981.
==See alsoLife==*Born Ivan Semionovitch Petrovykh, (Russian: Иван Семенович Петровых), on [[December 15]], 1872 near Tikhvin city of Ustyuzhna in Novgorod province. He began his theological education in the Ustyuzhna Theological school, then continued at the Novgorod Theological [[Seminary]]. In 1895, he entered the [[Moscow Theological Academy and Seminary|Moscow Theological Academy]], graduating in 1899 with the degree of candidate of theology and a professor´s scholarship. In 1899, after his graduation Ivan Semionovitch participated in a [[pilgrimage]] to the [[Holy Land]]. On [[September 9]], 1900 he was named lecturer in Biblical history at the Moscow Academy.   On [[August 26]], 1901, he was [[tonsure]]d a [[monk]] by Bp. Arsenius (Stadnitsky) with the monastic name of Joseph. On [[September 30]], 1901, Monk Joseph was [[ordination|ordained]] to the [[diaconate]], followed on [[October 14]] by his ordination to the [[priest]]hood. In February, 1903, he was awarded the degree of master of theology. His dissertation was: "The history of the Jewish people according to the archaeology of Joseph Flavian". On [[December 9]], 1903, he was appointed inspector and extraordinary professor of the Moscow Academy. On [[January 18]], 1904 he was raised to the dignity of [[archimandrite]]. In 1904, Archim. Joseph came to the defense of contemplative [[monasticism]] that had come under attack by Professor N. F. Kapterev. The affair over the professor's article left bitter feelings about Archim. Joseph among the academics after Metr. [[Vladimir (Bogoyavlensky) of Kiev and Gallich|Vladimir of Moscow]] banned the article. In June 1906, Archim. Joseph was appointed superior of the Yablochinsky St. Onuphrius [[monastery]] in Kholm [[diocese]] that was in poor condition, but which Fr. Joseph was able to reinvigorate. In 1907, he was assigned to the Yuriev Monastery in the Diocese of [[Novgorod]].  On [[March 15]], 1909, Archim. Joseph was [[consecration of a bishop|consecrated]] Bishop of Uglich, a vicariate of the Yaroslavl diocese in Holy Trinity Cathedral of the [[Alexander Nevsky Lavra]] in St. Petersburg. Later in the year, Bp. Joseph was appointed superior of the Spaso-Yakovlevsky monastery in Rostov, a post he retained until 1923. While at Spaso-Yakovlevsky monastery he consecrated a [[church]] in honor of the Tolga [[icon]] of the [[Theotokos|Mother of God]] in 1909. On [[April 1]], 1912, he [[consecration of a church|consecrated]] the Church of the Resurrection and, in 1916, he consecrated a [[chapel]] in honor of the Vatopedi icon of the Mother of God, followed in 1917 with consecration of a church in honor of the Mother of God, "the Joy of all who Sorrow". Bp. Joseph participated in the local [[All-Russian Church Council of 1917-1918|Council of 1917-1918]]. As the Bolsheviks strengthened their position of power in Russia, Bp. Joseph became entangled in disputes with them. On [[July 7]], 1919, he was arrested for leading processions aimed at stopping the Bolsheviks in their campaign of uncovering holy [[relics]]. Held in Lubyanka in Moscow, he was released in August. On [[January 22]], 1920, Bp. Joseph was made [[Archbishop]] of Rostov, a vicariate of the Diocese of Yaroslavl, and later was named administrator of the Diocese of Novgorod for a period to 1925. Over the next few years, Abp. Joseph was often arrested and held for varying periods of time. As the [[Living Church]]/renovationist [[heresy]] activities spread, Abp. Joseph stayed in the Spaso-Yakovlevsky monastery from which he managed his diocesan responsibilities, including being administrater of the Diocese of Yaroslavl.  On [[May 21]], 1924, Patr. [[Tikhon of Moscow|Tikhon]] appointed him to the [[Holy Synod]]. On [[April 12]], 1925, he participated in the transfer of Church leadership to [[Metropolitan]] [[Peter (Polyansky) of Moscow and Krutitsy|Peter]] after the death of the patriarch. On [[December 6]], 1925, Metr. Peter named him as the third candidate for succession to the position of deputy patriarchal [[locum tenens]] after Metrs. Michael (Yermakov) and Sergius (Stragorodsky). In August 1926, he was appointed Metropolitan of Petrograd a choice driven by the insistent request of the believers in Petrograd. Accepting the position "out of obedience", he objected to being metropolitan of Leningrad and used the pre-revolutionary title of Petrograd. On [[September 13]], Metr. Joseph left Petrograd for Moscow, never to return.  Confronted with the attempts by OGPU division head Tuchkov to control the Church, action that he opposed, Metr. Joseph was sent to exile in Rostov. After deputy patriarchal locum tenens Sergius was arrested, Metr. Joseph became the deputy for the patriarchal locum tenens, Metropolitan Peter. On [[December 26]], 1926, Metr. Joseph was arrested again and was confined to the former Modensky Nikolayevsky monastery in the Novgorod diocese. In July 1927, Metr. Sergius, having been released from prison, signed his declaration of submission to the Bolsheviks, and on [[September 17]], 1927, he transferred Metr. Joseph from Petrograd to Odessa, probably under pressure from the Bolsheviks. Metr. Joseph immediately refused the transfer, calling it "anti-canonical, ill-advised and pleasing to an evil intrigue in which I will have no part". Over the following months of bitter arguments including separation between the Sergius loyalists and those of Metr, Joseph, Sergius' synod place Metr. Joseph under ban, and was tried and forcefully retired, all of which Metr. Joseph ignored.  After his arrest again on [[September 12]], 1930, Metr. joseph was convicted on the following [[September 3]], 1931 of being "the leader of the church-administrative centre of the All-Union counter-revolutionary monarchist organization, `The True-Orthodox Church´". He was sentenced to five years in camps, a sentence that was to exile him to the desert of Kazakhstan for five years.  On [[June 24]], 1937, Metr. Joseph was arrested on a charge of "counter revolutionary activity". After intense interrogation and questionable confessions, Metr. Joseph was sentenced to death. Metr. Joseph was executed by gun fire on [[November 20]], 1937 in the Lisij Ovrag near Chimkent, Kazakhstan together with Metr. [[Cyril (Smirnov) of Kazan]], Bp. Eugene (Kobranov) of Rostov, and many others.  In 1981, Metr. Joseph was locally [[glorification|glorified]] as a New Martyr by the [[Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia]], but his glorification has not been recognized by the entire [[Russian Orthodox Church ]]. His [[feast day]] is [[November 30]]. {{start box}}{{succession|before=?|title=Bishop of Uglich <br>Vicar Yaroslavl Diocese|years= 1909-1920|after=?}}{{succession|before=?|title=Bishop of Rostov <br>Vicar Yaroslavl Diocese|years= 1920-1926|after=?}}{{succession|before=[[Benjamin (Kazansky) of Petrograd and Gdovsk|Benjamin (VyacheslavKazansky)]]|title=Metropolitan of Petrograd|years=1926-1927|after=[[Seraphim (Chichagov) of Leningrad and Gdovsk|Seraphim (Chichagov)]]}}{{end box}}  ==Sources==*[ Hieromartyr  Joseph,  Metropolitan  of  Petrograd]*[ Hieromartyr Cyril, Metropolitan of Kazan (+ 1937) and those with him]
==External links==
*[ Metropolitan Joseph of Petrograd and the Beginning of the Catacomb Church] (Orthodox Christian Information Center]
*[[wWikipedia:Metropolitan Joseph (Ivan Petrovykh)|''Metropolitan Joseph (Ivan Petrovykh)'' at Wikipedia]]*[ History of the Russian True Orthodox Church]
[[Category:Russian Saints]]
[[Category:Martyrs20th-century bishops]][[Category:Bishops of Uglich]][[Category:Bishops of Saint Petersburg]][[Category: Moscow Academy and Seminary Graduates]][[Category:20th-century saints]]

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