Jump to: navigation, search

Sergius of Radonezh

167 bytes added, 20:27, October 22, 2012
[[Image:Vasnetsov_sergij_radonezh.jpg|thumb|right|[[Icon]] of St. Sergii Radonezhsky written for Abramtsevo [[church]] by Viktor Vasnetsov, 1882.]]
Our venerable father '''Sergius of Radonezh''' was a leading Russian [[monk]] in the fourteenth century who founded the [[Holy Trinity-St. Sergius Lavra|Holy Trinity]] [[monastery]] north of Moscow. He is much revered and has a special place in Russian [[monasticism ]] and the nation of Russia. An [[ascetic]], he was deeply humble and had a firm faith in God's help. After his [[glorification ]] the monastery he founded became known as the Holy Trinity-St. Sergius Lavra.
Sergius Radonezhsky (Russian: ''Сергий Радонежский'') was born into a boyar family near Rostov. The date of his birth is unknown, and three different years are presumed as his birth year (1314, 1319, or 1322). His birthdate is traditionally held on [[May 3]], and he is recognized with the name Bartholomew. To his parents, Kyril and Maria, he was the second of three brothers, Stephen being the eldest and Peter the youngest. Because the family became impoverished when Kyril was dispossessed of his properties under Grand Duke Ivan Danilovich of Moscow, they moved to the village of Radonezh around 1328. As Bartholomew grew up, his ability to learn did not match that of his brothers. Then one day he met an old monk who, after Bartholomew explained his difficulties, gave Bartholomew a small piece of communion bread with the blessing, ''"Take and eat it, this is given to you as a sign of God's grace and for understanding of the Scriptures"''. From that meeting on Bartholomew found his lessons easier.
In 1334, after the death of his parents, Bartholomew moved to to Khotkovo near Moscow, joining his widowed older brother Stephen. In 1337, he was [[tonsure]]d a monk with the name Sergius and was [[ordination|ordain]]ed to the [[priest]]hood. In seeking a more secluded place, he and his brother found such a place in the deep forest near the Marovets hill and built a small cell and a simple [[chapel]] dedicated to the Holy Trinity. This was 1340. The brothers lived a secluded life in the forest, and in time Stephen found the life of seclusion difficult and left Sergius to live in Epiphany monastery in Moscow. With the departure of his brother Sergius lived alone for a number of years. The wild animals seemed to recognize him as packs of wolves and bears would come to his hut but would not harm him. One bear came to his hut to share Sergius' last piece of bread with him. Gradually people learned of Sergius and approach him for spiritual guidance. Soon, the cell grew to a small hermitage of twelve monks. The hermitage of the Holy Trinity soon became the spiritual center that eventually became the Holy Trinity-St. Sergius Lavra (Troitse-Sergiyeva Lavra).
As the monastery grew, a difference of opinions grew among the monks as to whether to continue the hermitage type of life or to introduce a communal life style that Sergius favored. As the differences of opinion grew, Serguis decided to start another monastery near Makrish rather than quarrel over the issue. After his departure the original monastery began to decline, and after four years the monks at Holy Trinity begged Sergius to return.
As Holy Trinity monastery grew, Sergius began to send his disciples [[disciple]]s to spread the Gospel to the natives across central and northern Russia during the reign of Dmitri Ivanovich called Donskoy. The number of monasteries founded by these disciples approached 400, established in the most impractical places. These included the monasteries of Borisoglebsky near Rostov, Ferapontov, Kyrillo-Belozersky, Golutvin in Kolomna, and Pokrovsky near Borovsk. All these monasteries formed links of a new country centered around Moscow. As the commerce centering on Holy Trinity monastery increased a settlement was formed at the monastery gates that grew into the town of Sergiev Posad.
The news of his life and works of wonder spread far and wide. The [[Patriarch of Constantinople]], Philotheus sent him a charter confirming the new rules of community cloister life established by Sergius at the Holy Trinity Monastery. Metr. [[Alexis of Moscow]] honored Sergius as a friend and entrusted him in the tasks of reconciling differences among the princes of Moscow and Russia. He wished to honor Sergius with the award of a gold cross, and even offered in 1378 to make Sergius his successor as [[metropolitan]] of Moscow. But, these honors did not fit with Sergius' [[ascetic]] life, and he refused both.
In time his monastery became among the most renowned in Russia.
Sergius died on [[September 25]], 1392. He was glorified as a [[saint ]] in 1452. He is commemorated by the church on September 25, the date of his death and on [[July 5]], the day his [[relics ]] were found.
*[ Venerable Sergius of Radonezh]
*[ Saint Sergius of Radonezh]
*[ saints-0925-sergius-of-radonezh From the Lives of the Saints compiled by St. Dmitri of Rostov]
*[ Icon of St. Sergius of Radonezh]
*[ Russian Orthodox Vigil Service to St. Sergius, Complete]
[[Category:14th-century saints]]
[[fr:Serge de Radonège]]
[[ro:Serghie de Radonej]]

Navigation menu