website=[http://www.ec-patr.org Church of Constantinople]
The '''Church of Constantinople''' is one of the fourteen or fifteen [[autocephaly|autocephalous]] churches, also referred to as the '''Ecumenical [[Patriarchate]]'''. It is headed by the Ecumenical Patriarch, who has the status of ''[[primus inter pares]]'' ("first among equals") among the world's Orthodox [[bishop]]s.
The local churches of the Ecumenical Patriarchate consist of five archdioceses, three churches, thirteen metropolises, and one diocese, each of which reports directly to the Patriarch of Constantinople with no intervening authority. In addition, three of the five archdioceses have internal metropolises (16 in all), which are part of their respective archdioceses rather than distinct administrative entities, unlike the other metropolises.
== Structure of the Patriarchate ==
:<small> ''See article on the </small> [[Church of Constantinople Structure]]''
== Hierarchical Succession ==
The current Ecumenical Patriarch is His All-Holiness [[Bartholomew I (Archontonis) of Constantinople|Bartholomew I]], Archbishop of Constantinople.
:<small>''See also:</small> [[ List of Patriarchs of Constantinople]]''
The Holy and Sacred Synod == :<small> '' See Main Article:</small> [[ Holy Synod of Constantinople]]''
The Holy and Sacred Synod of the Ecumenical Patriarchate is presided over by His All-Holiness [[ Bartholomew I (Archontonis) of Constantinople|Bartholomew I]] , Archbishop of Constantinople and is comprised of XX Metropolitans.
== Places of Pilgrimage ==
* Church of [[Hagia Sophia (Constantinople)|Hagia Sophia ]]
* [[Church of the Holy Apostles (Constantinople)]]
== Peculiar prerogatives of the patriarchate ==
:''Main article: [[Prerogatives of the Ecumenical Patriarchate]]'' In history and in [[canons (law)|canonical literature]] (i.e. the Church's canons and traditional commentaries on them), the Ecumenical Patriarchate has been granted certain prerogatives (''[[presbeia]]'') which other autocephalous Orthodox churches do not have. Not all of these prerogatives are today universally acknowledged, though all do have precedents in history and canonical references. The nature of these prerogatives or even their very existence is hotly contested on [[Prerogatives of the Ecumenical Patriarchate#Canonical claims|canonical grounds]] by certain other Orthodox churches, particularly the [[Church of Russia]]. [[Image:Ecumenical Patriarchate.jpg|left|frame|The entrance to the headquarters of the Ecumenical Patriarchate in the [[Phanar]] in Constantinople]]
The following is a (non-exhaustive) list of these prerogatives and their reference points:
*Equal prerogatives to Old Rome (Canon 3 of the [[Second Ecumenical Council]], Canon 28 of the [[Fourth Ecumenical Council]], Canon 36 of the [[Quinisext Council]])
*The right to ordain bishops for areas outside defined [[canonical territory|canonical boundaries]] (Canon 28 of the Fourth Ecumenical Council)
*The right to establish [[stavropegial]] [[monastery|monasteries]] even in the territories of other [[patriarchate]]s (the [[Epanagoge]], commentaries of [[Matthew Blastares]] and [[Theodore Balsamon]])
== Theological Institutions ==
:''See article on the [[Theological School of Halki]]''
*[[Ecumenical Patriarchate in America]]
*[http://www.ec-patr.org/default.php?lang=en/ Official website of the Patriarchate of Constantinople]
*[http://www.ecupatria.org Official website of the Permanent Representation of the Ecumenical Patriarchate to the World Council of Churches]
ecc-bodypg.aspx? eccpageID=13& IndexView= toc Eastern Christian Churches: Patriarchate of Constantinople] by Ronald Roberson, a Roman Catholic priest and scholar*[http://www.goarch.org/en/ourfaith/articles/article8148.asp The Origins and Authority of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of the Orthodox Church], by Demetrios J. Constantelos
*[http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/balsamon-cpl.html Caesaropapism?: Theodore Balsamon on the Powers of the Patriarch of Constantinople], by Paul Halsall
*[http://www.svots.edu/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=165&Itemid=116 Chalcedon Canon 28: Yesterday and Today], by Rev. [[John H. Erickson]]
*[http://www.myriobiblos.gr/texts/english/milton1_6.html Constantinople and Rome: A Survey of the Relations between the Byzantine and the Roman Churches], by Milton V. Anastos
*[http://www.ec-patr.gr/patrdisplay.php?lang=en&id=5 Brief Historical Note Regarding the Ecumenical Patriarchate], from the official website
*[http://www.byzantium1200.com/ Byzantium 1200] (Byzantium 1200 is a project aimed at creating computer reconstructions of the Byzantine Monuments located in Istanbul, TURKEY as of year 1200 AD).
*[http://www.patriarchate.org/media/vrtour_patriarchate.php Virtual tour]
*[http://realserver.goarch.org/ram/en/lightstillbright.ram History - video]
*[http://orthodoxinfo.com/ecumenism/ea_patriarch.aspx Articles Critical of Actions of Positions of the Ecumenical Patriarchate]
Dr. Otmar Oehring. [http://www. forum18. org/ Archive.php ?article_id=1206 TURKEY: Turkish nationalism, Ergenekon, and denial of religious freedom] . Forum 18 News, 21 October 2008. <small>(Dr. Otmar Oehring is Head of the Human Rights Office of the German Catholic charity Missio. A trial has begun in Turkey of influential people alleged to be part of an ultra-nationalist group, Ergenekon. The court case reveals 86 members, ranging from the Turkish police, army, business, politics, and the mass media, are alleged in a plan to assassinate the Ecumenical Patriarch, along with the murder of two Turkish Christians. Ergenekon members are alleged to have maintained deathlists of people, including Christians with a missionary background. The Malatya murder trial is revealing plausible links between Ergenekon, the "deep state" and the murders.) </ small>
[[fr:Église de Constantinople]]
[[ro:Biserica Ortodoxă a Constantinopolului]]