[[Image:vladykaantony.jpg|left|thumb|150pxl|Archbishop Anthony of San Francisco]]
In 1932, Artemii Sergeevich was [[tonsure]]d a [[monk]] and given the name Anthony. In 1934, he was [[ordination|ordained]] a hierodeacon, followed in 1938 as a hieromonk. In Milkovo, Fr. Anthony acted in the position of ecclesiarch. During World War II, Hieromonk Anthony was a military [[chaplain]] in the Russian Corps of the Russian Liberation Movement. During this time he found himself at the Monastery of St [[Job of Pochaev]] in the Carpathian Mountains. Fr. Anthony developed a strong bond with the [[monastery]] brotherhood and after the war, he moved with the brotherhood to [[Holy Trinity Monastery (Jordanville, New York)|Holy Trinity Monastery in Jordanville]], New York, where he came under the spiritual leadership of [[Vitaly (Maximenko) of Jersey City|Archbishop Vitaly (Maximenko)]], who led him to missionary work. [[Heguman]], and later [[Archimandrite]], Anthony established a number of new [[parish]]es in places where Russian refugees settled. Also, he temporarily served as administrator of the parishes of Western Canada.
In 1956, Archimandrite Anthony was consecrated Bishop of Melbourne, [[auxiliary bishop|Vicar]] of the Australian Diocese of ROCOR. In Australia, he worked closely with the Russian liturgist Protopriest Rostislav Gan. Bp. Anthony also work there with the future First Hierarch of the ROCOR, [[Philaret (Voznesensky) of New York|Metropolitan Philaret (Voznesensky)]].