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Constantine XI Palaiologos

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Saintly Status
[[Image:Constantinos Constantine XI Palaiologos.jpg|right|thumb|250px|Emperor Constantine XI Palaiologos.]]'''Constantine XI Palaeiologos''', or '''PalaeologosPalaiologos''' (Gr: ''Κωνσταντίνος ΙΑ' Δραγάσης Παλαιολόγος'', also '' '''Dragases''' ''), was the last reigning Byzantine Emperor emperor of the [[Palaiologos Dynasty]], born as well as the last of the Roman Emperors. Born in 1404 AD in [[Mystras]], and he ruled from 1449 until his death in on [[May 29]], 1453, at the [[Fall of Constantinople]]. He is also referred to as '''Dragases'''.
== Brief history ==
Constantine was the son of Emperor Manuel II. He was trained as a soldier and in 1441 conquered the Morea Peninsula of Greece. It had long been under the Frankish principality of '' 'Achaia''' <ref> '''Achaia''': A state established by the Crusaders. </ref> Constantine was crowned Emperor [[january January 6]], 1449 AD succeeding his brother and a . A little less than five years later in 1453 AD he was killed during the final assaults by the Turkish Sultan, Mehmed II, advances on Constantinople.Constantine, with some 8,000 Greeks, Venetians, and Genoese, had faced 150,000 Turkish besiegers under the Sultan, and after almost two months of heroic defense, directed by the emperor, the city and the empire fell. Constantine died fighting with the last of his men.<ref>[http://www.answers.com/topic/constantine-xi Columbia Encyclopedia: Constantine XI].</ref>. Going back to Augustus and the ancient Roman Empire, he was the 138th and last Roman Emperor. <gallery>Image:Constantinos XI Palaiologos.jpg|<small>Constantine XI Palaiologos</small>Image:CPalaeologos.JPG|<small>Statue of Constantine XI Palaeiologos, Mystra, Greece</small>Image:CPalaeologos2.JPG|<small>Close up of Statue</small></gallery>
== Saintly Status ==
The Russian Menologion indicates commemoration days for the Emperor on Orthodox do not consider Constantine XI a [[May 29]] and [[May 30saint]], though there are some who incorrectly, personally consider him so because of their love of the Byzantine (Roman) Empire. The entry under May 30 is However, the last Emperor has never been recognized as follows: ''‘On this day we commemorate the suffering a Saint due to his heretical beliefs and his compromising of the right-believing Emperor Constantine under Faith in order to gain material aid from Latin lands. When the ungodly Turkish KingEmpire was in need, who himself became ruler.’'' The entry for May 29 reads simply: ''‘Emperor Constantine, who suffered under he sought Latin military aid by reaffirming the heretical statements of the TurksCouncil of Florence.’''<ref>[httphttps://rumkatkiliseen.wikipedia.org/statusconstantineXIwiki/Constantine_XI_Palaiologos].</ref>.htm A Special Note Concerning And it is said that he defiled the Status Church of Blessed Constantine XI]Agia Sophia the day/night before the Fall with a blended Divine Liturgy and Latin mass. <ref>https://grbs.library. Society of Stduke. John Chrysostom of Ayatriada Rum Katoliki Kiliseedu/article/viewFile/14639/3803].</ref>In attempting to preserve an earthly Empire, he lost a Heavenly Kingdom. In contrast, there is Tzar [[Lazar of Serbia]], who gave up an earthly Kingdom for the Heavenly. The Faith is always more important than earthly possessions.
== See also ==
* UNESCO World Heritage site of '''[[Mystras]]'''
* St. '''[[Ipomoni]]''', ''Born as'' '''Helen DragasesHelena Dragaš''' ''before <ref>Before becoming a [[nun ]] and assuming the name Ipomoni. She , Helena was the mother of Constantine XI Palaiologos''. She lived a [[monasticism|monastic ]] life for over 25 years, after entering into the habit after the death of her husband. She died 1450AD and is commemorated by the church [[May 29]]. The [[relics ]] of her skull and her icon are found at the Monastery of St. Patapios, Loutraki of Korinthos, Greece.</ref> == Further Reading ==* [[w:Donald Nicol|Donald M. Nicol]]. ''[http://books.google.ca/books?id=lnSmnmL984YC&pg=PP1&dq=The+Immortal+Emperor#PPP1,M1 The Immortal Emperor: The Life and Legend of Constantine Palaiologos, Last Emperor of the Romans]''. Cambridge University Press, 2002. ISBN 0521894093, 9780521894098 (174 pp)
== Notes ==
<references/>
[[Category:Rulers]]
 
<gallery>
Image:CPalaeologos.JPG|Statue of Constantine XI Palaeiologos, Mystra, Greece
Image:CPalaeologos2.JPG|Close up of Statue
</gallery>
== External Links ==
* [[w:Constantine XI|Constantine XI]] at Wikipedia.
* [http://rumkatkilisewww.orgeconomicexpert.com/statusconstantineXIa/Constantine:XI.htm A Special Note Concerning the Status of Blessed Constantine XI]. The Society of StEconomicExpert. John Chrysostom of Ayatriada Rum Katoliki Kilisecom.* [http://rumkatkilisepenelopecoins.orgcom/constantineXIindex.htm Great Martyr and Emperor php?p=item&cid=3&id=14 Coinage of Constantine XI:]*[https://grbs. The Society of Stlibrary. John Chrysostom of Ayatriada Rum Katoliki Kiliseduke.edu/article/viewFile/14639/3803]
[[Category:Roman Emperors]]
[[Category:Rulers]]
[[Category:Martyrs]]
[[Category:Saints]]
[[Category:Byzantine Saints]]
[[Category:Greek Saints]]
[[Category:Orthodoxy and Islam]]
[[Category:15th-century saints]]
[[Categoryro:RulersConstantin al XI-lea]]
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