His Eminence, Metropolitan '''Victor (Svyatin) of Krasnodar and Kuban''' was the
twenty fourth and last chief of the Russian Mission in China. He was part of the mission from 1922 , thirty three years. After the break in relations between China and the Soviet Union in 1956 he returned to the Soviet Union where he was appointed Archbishop of Krasnodar and Kuban.
Leonid Viktorovich Svyatin was born on [[August 2]], 1893 at the Karagana Station in the Upper Urals region of the Orenburg Province of
Russia Empire. His father was a [[deacon]]. Leonid began his theological education in the Orenburg Seminary, graduating in 1915. From Orenburg, he entered [[Kazan Theological Academy]]. In his second year of studies he transferred to the Tbilisi Military School, in Georgia. After serving as an army officer for a short time Leonid ended up in China in about 1918 or 1919 , and there joined the Russian Mission in Beijing.
On [[June 30]], 1921, Leonid was [[tonsure]]d a [[monk]] with the name Victor at the Holy Dormition Monastery of the Beijing mission. On [[July 3]], 1921, Victor was [[ordination|ordained]] a hierodeacon, followed by ordination as a [[hieromonk]] on [[July 7]]. In August 1921, he entered the Oriental
Faulty of the Far East Institute in Vladivostok. On [[August 10]], 1922, Fr. Victor was assigned to the Holy Protection of the Theotokos Church in Tiajin (Tientsin), China.
On [[November 3]], 1929, Fr. Victor was elevated to the dignity of [[archimandrite]] by [[Innocent (Figurosky) of Beijing|Metr. Innocent]] of the Beijing mission. On [[November 6]], 1932, Fr. Victor was consecrated Bishop of Shanghai by Abp. Simon of the Beijing mission. Upon Abp. Simon’s repose in 1933, Bishop Victor was appointed in his place as Bishop of Beijing and China. In September 1938, Bp. Victor was raised to the dignity of Archbishop.
In 1945, after the end of World War II, Abp. Victor restored relations with the Moscow Patriarchate. On [[August 17]], 1950, he was named the Patriarchal [[Exarch]] of the Eastern Exarchate of the Moscow Patriarchate. With the establishment of a communist government in China, the Beijing mission and the Moscow Patriarchate began to consolidate the various eparchies and groups in northern China. Also, under pressures
by the communist Chinese authorities, the expatriate Russian people living in China began to leave the country. Thus, the exarchate lost most of its congregation in China and funding. The Chinese governmental authorities were interested in forming the various Russian church entities into an autonomous Chinese Church. Bp. Victor, in coordination with the Moscow Patriarchate, endeavored to accomplish setting up the autonomous church.
By May 1956, all the church property had been transferred to the Chinese and Soviet embassy authorities. All Russian clergy had also emigrated, leaving the church in China to the Chinese [[clergy]]. As the last senior Russian clergyman, on [[May 26]], 1956, he left China for the Soviet Union where he was appointed Archbishop of Krasnodar and Kuban. On [[May 20]], 1961, Abp. Victor was raised to the rank of [[Metropolitan]].
title=Bishop of Shanghai|
before=[[Archbishop Simon (Vinogradov)]]|
title=Archbishop of Beijing and China|
*[http://www.orthodox.cn/localchurch/beijing/victorsviatin_en.htm Victor Svyatin]