Tensions existed between this group of parishes and monasteries while it was under the Jerusalem Patriarchate and the [[Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America]], as the latter claims that Jerusalem worked to pull parishioners away from Antiochian (and [[Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America|Greek]]) parishes and into its own jurisdiction. The Ben Lomond crisis of 1998, in which an Antiochian parish in California split into two factions, one of which eventually made its way into the Jerusalem Patriarchate (including the re-[[ordination]] of some of the clergy), further exacerbated these tensions.
As a result, as of [[May 2]], 2003, American Antiochian [[clergy]] were forbidden by their [[primate]],
Met. [[Philip (Saliba) of New York]], from [[concelebration|concelebrating]] or communing with American Jerusalem clergy (though not with clergy of the Jerusalem Patriarchate assigned to parishes in the Middle East). With the creation of the Vicariate, Met. Philip again reiterated his 2003 archpastoral directive on [[August 7]], 2008, lamenting the action of the Ecumenical Patriarchate taking in communities that had formed mainly by breaking from Antiochian parishes.
*''Archpastoral directive'' of
Met. [[Philip (Saliba) of New York]], dated [[May 2]], 2003.*''Archpastoral directive'' of Met. Philip (Saliba) of New York, dated [[August 7]], 2008.
*[http://www.goarch.org/en/news/NewsDetail.asp?id=2038 Decisions on Some Palestinian and Jordanian communities in the USA], from the [[GOA]] website (Aug. 5, 2008)
*[http://www.antiochian.org/files/8-7-08%20Re%20GOA%20Palestinian%20Vicariate.pdf ''Archpastoral directive''] of
Met. Philip (Saliba) of New York, from the [[Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America|Antiochian]] website (August 7, 2008)