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Juvenaly of Alaska

115 bytes added, 18:27, October 23, 2012
[[Image:Juvenaly of Alaska.jpg|right|frame|St. Juvenaly of Alaska]]
The holy, glorious, right-victorious [[hieromartyr]] '''Juvenaly of Alaska''', or '''Juvenal''', [[Protomartyr]] of America, was a member of the first group of Orthodox [[missionary|missionaries]] who came from the [[monastery]] of [[Valaam Monastery|Valaam]] to preach the Word of God to the native inhabitants of [[Alaska]]. He was [[martyr]]ed while evangelizing among the Eskimos on the mainland of Alaska in 1796. His [[feast day]] is celebrated on [[July 2]], and he is also commemorated with all the saints of Alaska ([[September 24]]), and with the first martyrs of the American land ([[December 12]]).
There are other, conflicting accounts of his martyrdom. In an article entitled "The Orthodox Church in America an Historical Survey" (''Russian Review'', Vol. 31, No. 2. (Apr., 1972), pp. 138-152 [], []), Fr. [[Dmitry Grigorieff ]] writes: "Father Juvenaly was killed by the natives on the Alaska mainland in 1795. He had urged the people of a village there to send their children to the mission school on Kodiak Island. They agreed, and Father Juvenaly led a group of children to the seashore. On the way he was overtaken and killed by villagers who had changed their mind." (p. 139).
Regarding St. Juvenaly's Alleged Diary: "This mildly uninspiring document, which contradicts both Church and Native traditions about the saint's activities, was summarised in Bancroft's influential History of Alaska and accepted for a century as a major primary source. However, it is now very strongly suspected of being a forgery written by one of Bancroft's assistants." - Lydia T. Black, "The Daily Journal of Reverend Father Juvenal: A Cautionary Tale," Ethnohistory 28(1)33, 1981.
[[Category:Modern Saints]]
[[Category:18th-century saints]]
[[ro:Iuvenalie din Alaska]]

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