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Dubricius of Caerleon

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[[Image:St Dubricius.jpg|right|thumb|St. Dubricius, Archbishop of Caerleon]]
'''Our father among the [[Saintsaint]] s '''Dubricius, [[Archbishop]] of Caerleon and Wales''' (? - d. [[November 14]], 612) (also ''Devereux, Dubric, Dubricus, Dyffryg, Dyfrig'') was an [[enlightener ]] and founder of [[monasticism|monastic ]] life in Wales, particularly the Kingdom of Ergyng. A disciple of [[disciple]] of St. [[Germanus of Auxerre]], he defended the Faith against [[Pelagianism]], founded [[monastery|monasteries ]] across the British Isle, and [[consecration of a bishop|consecrated ]] St. [[Samson of Dol]]. His [[feast day ]] is celebrated on [[November 14]].
==Life==
===Early Lifelife===St. Dubricius's grandfather was Pepianus Clafrog, King of Ergyng (a kingdom in southeastern Wales), who was afflicted by leprosy and foaming at the mouth. Returning from battle, the King king discovered that his daughter Eurddil was pregnant, and ordered her to be put in a sack and thrown headfirst into the River Wye. After multiple attempts, wherein she would wash washed up alive on the bank, he ordered her burnt alive in a pyre. However, when Pepianus's messenger checked for bones the next day, he found Eurddil still alive, sitting with young Dubricius in her lap. Hereafter a stone was left to mark the place of his birth, which was named Madle (''mad'' - good, good; ''lle'' - , place) because a holy man was born there.
King Pepianus ordered his daughter and new grandson to be brought to him, at which point he embraced the infant Dubricius, who kissed and touched the face and mouth of his grandfather, miraculously curing him of his disease. The King king rejoiced, forgetting his past anger, and came to love them, appointing his grandson heir of Madle and of all the island Ynys Eurddil (named after his daughter).
===Ministry===
Soon, St. Dubricius was sent to [[seminary]], where he excelled as a student and teacher, becomming becoming known for his knowledge of modern and ancient law. He became [[ordination|ordained ]] by St. Germainus Germanus as the first [[Bishop ]] of Llandaff and [[Metropolitan ]] of Cambria(Wales), and soon after founded a monastery on the banks of the Wye named Henllan. The new bishop taught there both secular and religious education subjects there for seven years. Faithful from all over Britain flocked to Henllan, which during his tenure held two thousand monks2,000 [[monk]]s, including Ss. [[Thelian of Llandaff|Thelian]], [[Kingsmark]], and Samson.
Later he returned to Ynys Eurddil with disciples to teach his native people. One evening an [[angel ]] appeared to St. Dubricius in a dream, telling him to go round the island and find a sow with her pigs. There, said the angel, he was to lay a foundation for a monastery and [[oratory ]] in the name of the [[Holy Trinity]]. The next day, St. Dubricius and his followers sought and found on the island a sow with her pigs, where they immediately set about construction, naming the place Mochros (''Mochmoch'' - , hogs, ; ''rhos'' - a , place) and setting up residence, wherefrom St. Dubricius went about instructing and healing the sick. St. Dubricius was soon elevated to [[Archbishop]], and given [[jurisdiction ]] over all Wales.
During the season of [[Lent ]] in 521, St. Dubricius visited [[St. Illtyd]] in Llandaff on the Feast of the Chair of Saint St. [[Apostle Peter |Peter]] ([[January 18]]) to consecrate his disciple Samson, [[deacon]], [[priest]], and then bishop. During the ordination, both Ss . Dubricius and Illtyd saw a white dove descend onto the head of St. Samson. The bishop was given charge over the daughter house of Ynys Byr as abbott[[abbot]]. However, having come there, Samson came to holy Archbishoparchbishop, saying that great jealousies arose because of his receiving the leadership of the monastarymonastery. St. Dubricius prayed, and gave St. Samson his blessing, saying, "the Lord is wonderful among his saints", " returning him to calm.
On one occasion, a nobleman by the name of Gwyddgeneu came before St. Dubricius on his knees to ask help his daughter Arganhell, who had become possessed by a daemondemon. She had to be bound feet and hands, otherwise the daemon demon would force her to try to drown in the water, engulf herself in flame, or to bite everything in sight. At their house, the Archbishop archbishop fell to the ground in tears, praying to the holy [[Apostle Peter]] Peter for [[intercession]], and at once the girl was cured. Becoming overjoyed, he she devoted the rest of her life to God and joined a [[convent ]] to serve the Lord.
===Retirement and Reposerepose===After 43 years of residence at Llandaff, St. Dubricius moved the [[See ]] to the city of Caerleon, which was at that time the capital of Cambria and also at one time had been the ancient Metropolitanate.
Around 545, a Synod [[synod]] was called at the town of Brefi to condemn Pelagianism. Convening, St. [[Paulinus of Wales|Paulinus]] convinced St. Dubricius, the senior bishop , to allow [[St. [[David of Wales]], then a minor abbot , to address them. Consenting, and after Upon hearing the young abbot's wordsspeak, the Archbishop to himit is said that St. Dubricius decided on resigning in favour of St. David.
He became a [[hermit ]] and lived on the island of Bardley Bardsey with his disciples, who worked the land. The island was called the Rome of Britain due to the dangerous passage by sea to it, its lush fertility, and its sanctity - —having 20,000 confessors [[confessor]]s and martyrs [[martyr]]s buried there.
On Sunday, November 14, 612, St. Dubricius reposed and was buried on the island. In 1120 on the 7th of [[May7]], his [[relics ]] were removed by Bishop Urban of Llandaff and by the 23rd moved to Llandadd Cathedral, where there was a procession and the [[miracle ]] of rain during a seven-week drought.
On [[June 2]], Urban, along with his brother the Dean dean and his [[chaplain ]] prepared the relics for reburial by washing them in a basin, which was next to two other basins, full of the relics of Ss. Thelian and Oudoceus, who had been in descending order the next two Bishops of Llandaff. Placing the relics into their basins, the three men were astonished as the water began to bubble and become became very hot. Bishop Urban took an arm bone of St. Dubricius and placed it into the water, watching as it began to move for an hour on its own. The three thanked God for the miracle and placed the relics in a tomb before the [[altar ]] of the [[Theotokos]] in the monastarymonastery.
For the receiving of this these relics, the Archbishop, Ralph of Canterbury, had given his blessing for the construction of a greater monastery in honour of Ss . Peter the Apostle, and the Bishops Dubricius, Thelian, and Oudoceus of Llandaff.
===Legacy===
Churches named after St. Dubricius include the [[AnglicanCommunion|Anglican]] churches in Ballingham, Herefordshire, and Llanvanches, one belong belonging to the Church of Wales near Newport, and a [[Roman Catholic ]] church in Treforest.
===Legends===
In some legends, Caerleon is said to have been the capital of King Arthur's Court, wherein he was crowned by St. Dubricius. This is supported by [[Geoffrey of Monmouth]]'s ''Historia Regum Britanniæ'', and expounded upon by Alfred, Lord Tennyson, in his ''Idylls of the King.''.
Arthurian scholar Norma Lorre Goodrich in her book ''Merlin'', claims that St. Dubricious Dubricius and Merlin were actually the same person, as Merlinus Ambrosius Dubricius, being that who reputedly lived in the same time period.
{{start box}}
{{succession|
before= — |
title=Bishop of Llandaff|
years=c.500 - c.545|
after=[[Thelian of Llandaff]]}}
{{succession|
before= — |
title=Metropolitan of Cambria|
years=c.507 - c.545|
after=[[David of Wales]]}}
{{succession|
before= — |
title=Archbishop of Caerleon|
years=c.543 - c.545|
after=[[David of Wales]]}}
{{end box}}
==Hymns==
[[Troparion]] ([[Tone ]] 1)[http://users.netmatters.co.uk/davidbryant/C/TropKon/Nov.htm#Nov14]
:Thou art worthily honoured as the Father of Welsh Monasticism. O Hierarch Dyfrig,
:labouring to establish true asceticism with thy brother in the Faith, Samson of Dol
==Sources==
*[http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=2993 St. Dubricus] Catholic Online: Angels & Saints
*[http://books.google.com/books?id=wb2ITWWU8AEC&pg=PA160&lpg=PA160&dq=dubricius&source=web&ots=HZfNkQcvhd&sig=A7z75vsXZo4nTTLsNYhe1cYoYJk&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=9&ct=result#PPA86,M1 Book of the Saints ] by the Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine's Abbey, Ramsgate (1921)] Google Book Search, p. 86. ISBN 0766172694
*[http://www.orthodoxengland.org.uk/saintsd.htm Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome] Orthodox England
*[http://www.bananaboomerang.com/lampeterorthodox/history.htm History of the Church in Wales]
*[http://www.maryjones.us/ctexts/dubricius.html The Life of St. Dubricius] Celtic Literature Collective, from the ''Liber landavensis''. ed. by the Rev. W. J. Rees. The Welsh MSS. Society. Llandovery, W. Rees, 1840.*[http://books.google.com/books?id=BNQCAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA309&lpg=PA309&dq=Chapter IX. St. Dubricius&source=web&ots=0zri46diZm&sig=c12Fq8wl3sePCqKbV1OosdmneNo&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=7&ct=result#PPA309,M1 the First Bishop of Llandaff] from ''Cambria Sacra; or, The History of Early Cambro-British Saints Christians'' by the Rev. Louis Nedelec (1879)] Google Book Search, pp. 289-323.*[http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15585a.htm Welsh Monastic Foundations] ''Catholic Encyclopedia''*[http://users.netmatters.co.uk/davidbryant/C/TropKon/Nov.htm#Nov14 Troparia & Konkakia November]14, St Dyfrig*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wikiw/index.php?title=Synod_of_Brefi &oldid=176286590 Synod of Brefi] Wikipedia*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wikiw/index.php?title=Illtud &oldid=197348477 Illtud] Wikipedia*[http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/09315c.htm Llandaff] ''Catholic Encyclopedia''*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wikiw/Germanus_of_auxerreindex.php?title=Germanus_of_Auxerre&oldid=220009103#Visit_to_Britain Germanus of Auxerre: Visit to Britain] Wikipedia
==External Linkslinks==*[[w:Dubricius|Dubricius]] Wikipedia*[http://enbooks.wikipediagoogle.orgcom/wikibooks?id=l-pwoTFp31kC Dubricus], from ''Our Sunday Visitor's Encyclopedia of Saints'', ed. by Matthew Bunson, Margaret Bunson, and Stephen Bunson (2003), p. 262.*[http://www.christopherklitou.com/when_is_my_nameday_d.htm Dubricius Dubricius(Dubric, Dyfrig), Archbishop of Caerleon] WikipediaWhen is my Nameday?*[http://books.google.com/books?id=l-pwoTFp31kCF28cAoRntJwC&pg=PA477PA112&lpg=PA477PA112&dq=stbishops+of+dubriciuscaerleon%0A&source=web&ots=H6oi3R3zi21L5dIUlptr&sig=P6kwvGquq3CLv6uLOvOMM079FkAsZNrna0_aXsv4y5HVDHr2EMEnWM&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=62&ct=result#PPA262PPA112,M1 Our Sunday VisitorChapter 5. Arthur: the man] from ''King Arthur: The Truth Behind the Legend''s Encyclopedia of Saints by Matthew Bunson, Margaret Bunson, and Stephen BunsonRodney Castleden (20032000)] Google Book Search, pg. 111.*[http://wwwbooks.christopherklitougoogle.com/when_is_my_nameday_dbooks?id=dCwqkdk1LcsC&pg=PA115&lpg=PA115&dq=%22metropolitan+of+wales%22&source=web&ots=sThkC0qndd&sig=lKVzl4gGXsstanpm76LtGa8sNk0&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=4&ct=result#PPA114,M1 St.htm DDyrfig, ''Bishop'' (c.550)] When is my Nameday?from ''Butler's Lives of the Saints'' by Alban Butler & Paul Burns, pg. 114. [[Category:Celtic and AngloSaints]][[Category:Saints of the British Isles]][[Category:Pre-Saxon Schism Western Saints]]
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