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Church of Constantinople

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website=[http://www.ec-patr.org Church of Constantinople]
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The '''Church of Constantinople''' is one of the fourteen or fifteen [[autocephaly|autocephalous]] churches, also referred to as the '''Ecumenical [[Patriarchate]]'''. It is headed by the Ecumenical Patriarch, who has the status of ''[[primus inter pares]]'' ("first among equals") among the world's Orthodox [[bishop]]s. The local churches of the Ecumenical Patriarchate consist of five archdioceses, three churches, thirteen metropolises, and one diocese, each of which reports directly to the Patriarch of Constantinople with no intervening authority. In addition, three of the five archdioceses have internal metropolises (16 in all), which are part of their respective archdioceses rather than distinct administrative entities, unlike the other metropolises.
The local churches of the Ecumenical Patriarchate consist of five archdioceses, three churches, thirteen metropolises, and one diocese, each of which reports directly to the Patriarch of Constantinople with no intervening authority. In addition, three of the five archdioceses have internal metropolises (16 in all), which are part of their respective archdioceses rather than distinct administrative entities, unlike the other metropolises.
 
== Structure of the Patriarchate ==
:<small> ''See article on the </small> [[Church of Constantinople Structure]]''
 
== Hierarchical Succession ==
The current Ecumenical Patriarch is His All-Holiness [[Bartholomew I (Archontonis) of Constantinople|Bartholomew I]], Archbishop of Constantinople.
:==Metropolitanates of Constantinople==<small>''See also:</small> Main Article'' '''[[List of Patriarchs Church of ConstantinopleStructure]]'''</small>
== The Holy [[Church of Constantinople]] is headed by the [[Patriarch of Constantinople]] and Sacred Synod is split into a number of Metropolitanates as listed below.[[Image:Byzantine-Constantinople.jpg|left|thumb|Map of Byzantine Constantinople.]]{| width="100%" align="center" cellpadding="2" border=0:<small> | align="left" valign="top"|*The '''See Main Article:</small> [[Holy Synod Archdiocese of Constantinople]]'''**[[District of Stavrodromion]]**[[District of Tatavla]]**[[District of the Bosphorous]]**[[District of Hypsomatheia]]**[[District of the Phanar and the Keratius gulf]]
The Holy and | align="left" valign="top"|*'''Sacred Synod Metropolitanates within Turkey:'''**[[Metropolis of the Ecumenical Patriarchate is presided over by His All-Holiness Chalcedon]]**[[Bartholomew I (Archontonis) Metropolis of Constantinople|Bartholomew IDerkoi]], Archbishop **[[Metropolis of Constantinople the Imbros and is comprised Tenedos|Metropolis of XX Metropolitans.Gokceada and Bozcaada (Imbros and Tenedos)]]**[[Metropolis of the Prince Islands]]| align="left" valign="top"||}
== Places of Pilgrimage ==
* [[Church of the Holy Apostles (Constantinople)]]
== Peculiar prerogatives of the patriarchate ==<gallery>Image:''Main articleChristChora.JPGImage: [[Prerogatives of the Ecumenical Patriarchate]]''Christ03.JPG</gallery>
In history and in [[canons (law)|canonical literature]] (i.e. == Peculiar prerogatives of the Church's canons and traditional commentaries on them), the Ecumenical Patriarchate has been granted certain prerogatives (patriarchate ==''[[presbeia]]'') which other autocephalous Orthodox churches do not have. Not all of these prerogatives are today universally acknowledged, though all do have precedents in history and canonical references. The nature of these prerogatives or even their very existence is hotly contested on Main article: [[Prerogatives of the Ecumenical Patriarchate#Canonical claims|canonical grounds]] by certain other Orthodox churches, particularly the [[Church of Russia]]. [[Image:Ecumenical Patriarchate.jpg|left|frame|The entrance to the headquarters of the Ecumenical Patriarchate in the [[Phanar]] in Constantinople]]''
[[Image:Ecumenical Patriarchate.jpg|left|thumbnail|The entrance to the headquarters of the Ecumenical Patriarchate in the [[Phanar]] in Constantinople]]In history and in [[canons (law)|canonical literature]] (i.e. the Church's canons and traditional commentaries on them), the Ecumenical Patriarchate has been granted certain prerogatives (''[[presbeia]]'') which other autocephalous Orthodox churches do not have. Not all of these prerogatives are today universally acknowledged, though all do have precedents in history and canonical references. The nature of these prerogatives or even their very existence is hotly contested on [[Prerogatives of the Ecumenical Patriarchate#Canonical claims|canonical grounds]] by certain other Orthodox churches, particularly the [[Church of Russia]].
<br>
The following is a (non-exhaustive) list of these prerogatives and their reference points:
*Equal prerogatives to Old Rome (Canon 3 of the [[Second Ecumenical Council]], Canon 28 of the [[Fourth Ecumenical Council]], Canon 36 of the [[Quinisext Council]])
*The right to ordain bishops for areas outside defined [[canonical territory|canonical boundaries]] (Canon 28 of the Fourth Ecumenical Council)
*The right to establish [[stavropegial]] [[monastery|monasteries]] even in the territories of other [[patriarchate]]s (the [[Epanagoge]], commentaries of [[Matthew Blastares]] and [[Theodore Balsamon]])
 
== Theological Institutions ==
:''See article on the [[Theological School of Halki]]''
==See also==
*[[List of Patriarchs of Constantinople|'''Hierarchical Succession''']]
*[[Holy Synod of Constantinople|'''The Holy and Sacred Synod''']], ''The Holy and Sacred Synod of the Ecumenical Patriarchate is presided over by His All-Holiness [[Bartholomew I (Archontonis) of Constantinople|Bartholomew I]], Archbishop of Constantinople and is comprised of XX Metropolitans.''
*[[Theological School of Halki|'''Theological Institutions''']]
*[[Ecumenical Patriarchate in America]]
*[[Greek Orthodox Metropolis of Mexico, Central America, Columbia, Venezuela, and the Caribbean Islands]]
{{churches}}
*[http://www.ec-patr.org/default.php?lang=en/ Official website of the Patriarchate of Constantinople]
*[http://www.ecupatria.org Official website of the Permanent Representation of the Ecumenical Patriarchate to the World Council of Churches]
 *[http://www.cnewa.org/ecc-bodypg-us.aspx?eccpageID=13&IndexView=toc Eastern Christian Churches: Patriarchate of Constantinople] by Ronald Roberson, a Roman Catholic priest and scholar*[http://www.goarch.org/en/ourfaith/articles/article8148.asp The Origins and Authority of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of the Orthodox Church], by [[Demetrios Constantelos|Demetrios J. Constantelos]]
*[http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/balsamon-cpl.html Caesaropapism?: Theodore Balsamon on the Powers of the Patriarch of Constantinople], by Paul Halsall
*[http://www.svots.edu/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=165&Itemid=116 Chalcedon Canon 28: Yesterday and Today], by Rev. [[John H. Erickson]]
*[http://www.myriobiblos.gr/texts/english/milton1_6.html Constantinople and Rome: A Survey of the Relations between the Byzantine and the Roman Churches], by Milton V. Anastos
*[http://www.ec-patr.gr/patrdisplay.php?lang=en&id=5 Brief Historical Note Regarding the Ecumenical Patriarchate], from the official website
 
*Prof. Thomas Mathews. [http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/fineart/html/Byzantine/ The Byzantine Churches of Constantinople]. New York University (Institute of fine Arts).
*[http://www.byzantium1200.com/ Byzantium 1200] (Byzantium 1200 is a project aimed at creating computer reconstructions of the Byzantine Monuments located in Istanbul, TURKEY as of year 1200 AD).
 
*[http://www.patriarchate.org/ecumenical_patriarchate/timeline.swf Timeline]
*[http://www.patriarchate.org/media/vrtour_patriarchate.php Virtual tour]
*[http://realserver.goarch.org/ram/en/lightstillbright.ram History - video]
*[http://orthodoxinfo.com/ecumenism/ea_patriarch.aspx Articles Critical of Actions of Positions of the Ecumenical Patriarchate]
*[http://www.ortodoksi.net/index.php/The_Legal_Status_of_the_Ecumenical_Patriarchate The Legal Status of the Ecumenical Patriarchate] by Jaakko Husa, Professor of Constitutional Law and General Jurisprudence at the University of Joensuu (Finland) / Ortodoksi.net
 
[[Category:Jurisdictions|Constantinople]]
[[fr:Église de Constantinople]]
[[ro:Biserica Ortodoxă a Constantinopolului]]
[[ru:Константинопольская православная церковь]]
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