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Life-Giving Spring

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[[Image:Life_Giving_SpringTheotokos the Life-Giving Font.jpg|thumb|right|An example Icon of the icon Theotokos the Life-Giving Font. 17th c.]]:''This article is about the [[feast day]] of the Panagia Life-Giving Spring. For the historic monastery see [[Church of the Life -Giving Spring, from Messinias Font of the Theotokos (Pilos, GreeceIstanbul)]].''The '''Panagia the Life -Giving Spring''' or '''Life-Giving [[iconFont]]''' of the [[Theotokos|Mother of God]] and (Greek: Ζωοδόχος Πηγή; Russian: Живоносный Источник) is a [[monasteryfeast day]] originate from Baloukli, just west of Constantinople, and in the first monastery Orthodox Church that is built on associated with [[Church of the location Life-Giving Font of the garden that was dedicated to the Theotokos (Istanbul)|a historic church]] just west of Constantinople in [[Theotokosw:Balıklı, Istanbul|Virgin MaryValoukli]], sometime in the 5th century. This as well as an icon is commemorated by of the Church on [[Bright Week|Bright FridayTheotokos]] of each year.
==Story ==The image in [[feast day]] of the icon includes Life-Giving Spring is commemorated on [[w:Easter Friday|Bright Friday]] of each year (the Virgin Mary with her child standing within a stone chalice that presumably represents Friday following [[Pascha]]), being the living water only feast day which is Christ. This "living water" is contained in the cross which all who follow him must bear as he did. In the early Churchmay be celebrated during [[Bright Week]], while the baptismal font was actually in the form of a cross just like the cross of this icon and the Christians would enter in from the base commemoration of the cross and come out at the top, and then reLife-enter from the left Giving Spring ''[[Icon]]'' of the cross and come out Most Holy [[Theotokos]] is observed on the right of the cross; then the priest, who would be standing in the middle of the cross/baptismal font, would commune them[[April 4]].
During ==Revelation of the reign Life-Giving Spring==[[Image:Saint Mary Of The Spring.jpg|right|thumb|The [[w:Holy well|Holy well]] (Hagiasma) of Emperor Marcian the Church of the Life Giving Font (dIstanbul). 457)]][[Image:Procession-Feast of Zoodohos Pigi-Arcadia, a blind man had lost his way and Greece-1950s.jpg|thumb|right|Procession on the [[feast day]] of the famous warriorLife-giving Spring, Leo Marcellus[[w:Bright Friday|Bright Friday]] 1959, passing by[[w:Arcadia|Arcadia]], helped himGreece. As he went to search for some ]]There are two accounts extant concerning the revelation of the Life-Giving Font just outside the City of Constantinople. It is likely that in either case, before the 5th-6th century monastery was erected, a shrine was already in existence with a [[w:Spring (hydrosphere)|spring of water ]], near a grove of trees, and was dedicated to refresh the exhausted man[[Theotokos]] from early times. Over time, he heard a voice directing him to the grove had become overgrown and the springbecame fetid.<ref>Archpriest Feodor S. Kovalchuk. ''Wonder-Working Icons of the Theotokos.'' Youngstown OH: Central Satates Deanery, 1985. pp.67–70.</ref><br>
In Constantinople, sometime in the 5th century, there was a garden that was dedicated to the Virgin Mother of God. In the garden was a spring and it was well-known for its miracles. In its history, the fountain had been destroyed and then rebuilt on many occasions, at the request of the Virgin Mother.'''Nicephorus Callistus'''<br>
In the 15th centuryThe traditional account is recorded by [[Nikephoros Kallistos|Nikephoros Kallistos Xanthopoulos]], the city last of Constantinople fell into the hands of Greek ecclesiastical historians, who flourished around 1320. This tradition begins with a miracle that occurred involving a soldier named Leo Marcellus, who would later become the Muslims. The Church of Byzantine Emperor [[Leo I (emperor)|Leo I the LifeThracian]] (457-giving Spring 474). While Leo was destroyed, and its building materials were used on his way to construct Constantinople he encountered a mosque blind man near the [[w:Walls_of_Constantinople#Golden_Gate_and_the_Yedikule_Fortress|Golden Gate]] who was thirsty. Though he agreed to search for Sultan Bayazetwater, he was unable to find any. The church site A female voice was then heard who told the future Emperor that there was covered with earth water nearby. Looking about, he could see no one, and crushed stoneneither could he see any water. Then he heard the voice again::"Emperor Leo, so that go into the deepest part of the woods, and you will find water there. Take some of the cloudy water in your hands and give it to the blind man to drink. Then take the very foundations clay and put it on his eyes. Then you shall know who I am."<ref name="OCA">OCA - Feasts and Saints. ''[http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsLife.asp?FSID=32 Bright Friday. The Life Giving Spring of the church disappeared from sightMother of God]. ''</ref>The beautiful surrounding areas were turned into a Muslim cemeterysame voice added that she had chosen that very place to be worshiped and prophesied that he would one day receive the crown to the empire. A Turkish sentinel, placed Leo followed her order and at once the blind man recovered his eyesight. After his accession to the ruins of throne, the Emperor erected a magnificent churchon this place, forbade Christians not only and the water continued to gather at the sitework miraculous cures. Therefore, but even to approach thereit was called "The Life-Giving Spring. "
Little by little, the strictness of this ban eased, and Christians were permitted to build a small church there. However, in 1821, it was destroyed as well, and the spring itself was filled in. Once again Christians cleaned up the ruins, reopened the spring, and once again drew water from it. Even upon these shards of the former magnificent holy structure, the Theotokos, as before, granted hearings through her grace. Later, among the broken pieces in one of the windows was found, already half-rotted away through time and dampness, a panel on which were recorded ten miracles which occurred at the Life-giving Spring during the period 1824-1829. '''Procopius'''<br>
During A second account is given by the reign prominent Byzantine scholar [[w:Procopius|Procopius of Sultan MahmoudCaesarea]] (flourishing ca.500-565).<ref group="note">The 11th century Byzantine historian [[w:George Kedrenos|George Cedrenus]] also mentions this version.</ref> In this version, the Orthodox received Emperor [[Justinian]] was out hunting when he came upon a small [[chapel]] in a beautiful wooded area, surrounded by a large crowd of people and a measure priest in front of freedom to conduct religious servicesa spring. They used it to erectInquiring about this site, for he was told that this was the third time“source of miracles”. He at once ordered that a magnificent church be built there, a utilizing materials that had remained after the erection of the [[Hagia Sophia (Constantinople)|Hagia Sophia]].<ref name="JANIN">Raymond Janin (in French). ''La Géographie ecclésiastique de l'Empire byzantin. 1. Part: Le Siège de Constantinople et le Patriarcat Oecuménique. 3rd Vol.: Les Églises et les Monastères.'' Paris: Institut Français d'Etudes Byzantines. 1953. p.232-37.</ref> The church above was erected in the Lifelast years of his reign, ca.559-giving Spring560, near the holy spring. <ref group="note">In 1835this context, "Holy Spring/Holy Font/Holy Source" becomes synonymous with great pompthe Greek: ἁγίασμα, ''hagiasma''; Lit.: 'sanctuary'.</ref> After the erection of the Ecumenical Patriarch Constantinesanctuary, celebrating with 20 bishops and an enormous flood the Gate that was situated outside the [[w:Walls_of_Constantinople#Theodosian_Walls|walls of Theodosius II]] was named by the faithful, consecrated Byzantines ''Gate of the church which stands to this daySpring'' (Greek: Πύλη τῆς Πηγῆς). Nearby was built a hospital and alms<ref>Wolfgang Müller-houseWiener (in German). Even ''Bildlexikon zur Topographie Istanbuls: Byzantion, Konstantinupolis, Istanbul bis zum Beginn d. 17 Jh..'' Tübingen: Wasmuth, 1977. pp.416.</ref> ==The Icon==[[Image:Panagia Argokiliotissa.JPG|thumb|right|Greek icon of the Muslims spoke with great respect of Theotokos the Life-giving Spring("Panagia Argokiliotissa", Naxos).]]The icon representing the Virgin of the Spring shows the Virgin blessing and embracing the Child. She is surrounded by two angels, and is sitting on the more elevated of two basins, presumably representing the Theotokos, who through it pours out her grace-filled power"living water" which is [[Christ]]. <ref group="Great among women Holy Marynote" >This living water is how they refer to contained in the Most Holy Virgin[[Cross]] which must be born by all those who follow Him, just as He did. </ref> The living water from the Lifemore elevated basin flows into a larger marble basin below, which is in the shape of a [[cross]].<ref group="note">In the early Church, the baptismal font was actually in the form of a cross, just like the cross depicted in this icon. Christians would enter from the base of the cross and come out at the top, and then re-giving Spring they call enter from the left of the cross and come out on the right of the cross; then the priest, who would be standing in the middle of the cross/baptismal font, would commune them.</ref>  In one version of the icon that was found on Naxos island, Greece,<ref group="note">Icon of "Panagia Argokiliotissa", from Naxos island, Greece (Greek: Παναγία η Αργοκοιλιώτισσα - Νάξος).</ref> some differences are shown with respect to the ancient type. Around the cross-shaped basin stands the Emperor with his guard, while on the right is the Patriarch with his bishops. In the background, is represented Leo I with the blind man, and the walls of the City. Under the basin a paralytic and a madman are healed with the spring’s water of Holy Mary."
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The fish in this pool, it is said, are descended from the fishes that miraculously jumped out of the frying-pan and into this spring ... (NOTE - research to find this story in more detail).
--->
==ChurchesHymn==*In Orthodox hymnography, the ''Theotokos'' is frequently compared with a ''Holy Fountain''. The hymns and prayers of the feast are combined with the Paschal hymns, and there is often a Lesser [[Holy water|Blessing of Waters]] performed after the [[Divine Liturgy]] on [[httpw://wwwEaster Friday|Bright Friday]].zoodohospigi.gr/ In old [[Church of Russia|Russia]], continuing Greek traditions, there was a custom to sanctify springs that were located near churches, dedicate them to the [[Theotokos|Holy Mother]], and paint icons of her under [[Theotokonymia|the title]] ''The Life-Giving Spring] Acadimias, Athens*''.<ref>Kristina Kondratieva (Global Art Communications project). ''[http://www.theotokos-lifegiving-springiconkuznetsov.orgcom/ Theotokos of the index.php?sid=341&did=264&lang=eng Panagia The Life-Giving Spring Russian Orthodox Mission] .'' Yuriy Kuznetsov: Icons of the XXI Century. Accessed: 2011- Bryan, Texas05-19.</ref> 
[[Troparion|Apolytikion]] (Tone 3)<ref name==Monasteries==* Original monastery in Constantinople"OMHKSEA">[[Orthodox Metropolitanate of Hong Kong and Southeast Asia]]. ''[http://www.omhksea.org/2011/05/bright-friday/ Bright Friday].'' Accessed: 2011-09-28.</ref>
Many monasteries bear :As a life-giving fount, thou didst conceive the same nameDew that is transcendent in essence, :O Virgin Maid, and thou hast welled forth for our sakes the nectar of joy eternal, *[http://www.malf.net/spring.htm Monastery of which doth pour forth from thy fount with the Theotokos the Life-Giving water that springeth up :unto everlasting life in unending and mighty streams; :wherein, taking delight, we all cry out: :Rejoice, O thou Spring] - Dunlap, Californiaof life for all men.
==Hymnography==
In Orthodox hymnography, the ''Theotokos'' is frequently compared with a ''Holy Fountain''.
==Hymn==
[[Kontakion]] ([[Tone]] 8) [http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsLife.asp?FSID=32]
[[Kontakion]] (Plagal of Tone 4)<ref name="OMHKSEA"/>:O most favored Lady graced by God, :You confer on you reward me by letting gush forth, beyond reason, :the healing ever-flowing waters of your grace from your inexhaustible perpetual Spring. :ThereforeI entreat you, since you gave birth incomprehensibly to who bore the WordLogos, in a manner beyond comprehension, :I implore you to refresh me with the dew of in your grace that I might may cry to you: out, :Hail, O Water of salvation“Hail redemptive waters.
==See also==
*[[Church of the Life-Giving Font of the Theotokos (Istanbul)]]
*[[Holy water]]
*[[Panagia Blachernitissa]]
*[[Life-giving Fount of the Theotokos]]
==Notes==<references group="note" /> ==References== <div><references/></div> ==External linklinks=='''Wikipedia'''*[[w:Life-giving Spring|Life-giving Spring]].*[[w:Church of St. Mary of the Spring (Istanbul)|Church of St. Mary of the Spring (Istanbul)]].*[[w:Holy well|Holy well]]'''Other'''*[http://iconreader.wordpress.com/2011/04/28/theotokos-of-the-life-giving-spring/ Gallery of Life-Giving Spring Icons]
*[http://www.mgr.org/TheVeil.html The Miracle of The Veil] in Constantinople 911 AD.
* [http://www.orthodox.net/questions/bright_week_1.html#a5 Question 5. "What feast is celebrated Bright Friday?"], St Nicholas Russian Orthodox Church, Dallas Texas.'''Greek Wikipedia'''*[http://el.wikipedia.org/wiki/%CE%96%CF%89%CE%BF%CE%B4%CF%8C%CF%87%CE%BF%CF%82_%CE%A0%CE%B7%CE%B3%CE%AE_%CF%84%CE%BF%CF%85_%CE%9C%CF%80%CE%B1%CE%BB%CE%BF%CF%85%CE%BA%CE%BB%CE%AE Ζωοδόχος Πηγή του Μπαλουκλή]'''Russian Orthodox Encyclopedia'''*[http://www.pravenc.ru/text/182259.html «ЖИВОНОСНЫЙ ИСТОЧНИК»]. Православная Энциклопедия.
[[Category:Feasts]]
[[Category:About Icons]]
[[Category:Icons of the Theotokos]]
[[Category:Theotokonymia]]
 [[Categoryro:MonasteriesIzvorul Tămăduirii]]
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