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Bishops of the Russian Metropolia in North America
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The expanse of the mission placed by the [[Church of Russia]] slowly expanded from the distant outpost in Alaska to a [[diocese]] that covered Alaska and the eastern expanse of northern Siberia. This diocese then developed two vicariates that eventually became separate dioceses. This list of [[hierarch]]s presents those [[bishop]]s who provided the leadership in the development of this mission in North America until the mission was granted its autocephaly.
Starting as a vicariate in a distant diocese, the mission soon became part of the large missionary diocese that included Alaska and the northeastern part of Siberia where initially the seat of the ruling bishop was in Alaska but was moved to Siberia before Alaska was sold to the United States. After the sale of Alaska the vicariate in Alaska was reformed as an autonomous diocese with the bishop's seat moved to California, outside the territory of Alaska. With the growth of the Orthodox population in the eastern part of North America, the name of the diocese was changed to include all North America and the ruling bishop's seat was moved to New York. As the diocese grew auxiliary bishops were consecrated to cover the vast area and the cultural needs of the faithful. In the closing decades of the mission many of the auxiliary bishops began to function as autonomous dioceses.
The information following lists the bishops that occupied the ruling and vicar bishop positions during the era of the mission, listed in the succession from the point of view of the [[Orthodox Church in America]] (OCA) rather than that of the [[Church of Russia]], whose succession diverges officially at the point of the establishment of the [[Russian Exarchate of North America]] in 1933.
*'''Diocese of Irkutsk'''
*Vicariate of Kodiak: [[Joasaph (Bolotov) of Kodiak|Joasaph (Bolotov)]] 1799-1799
*'''Diocese of Kamachata, Kurile Islands, and the Aleutian Islands'''
*See: New Archangel: [[Innocent of Alaska|Innocent (Veniaminov-Popov)]] 1840-1852
*See: Yakutsk: Innocent (Veniaminov-Popov) 1852-1868
*Vicariates: Two vicariates established 1858: New Archangel and Yakutsk
*New Archangel: [[Peter (Ekaterinovsky) of Novoarkhangelsk|Peter (Ekatrinovsky)]] 1859-1867
*Yakutsk: Peter (Ekatrinovsky) 1867-1882
*Sitka/New Archangel: [[Paul (Popov) of Novoarkhangelsk|Paul (Popov)]] 1867-1870
*'''Diocese of Aleutian Islands and Alaska'''
*See: Sitka, formerly New Archangel, from 1870
*See: San Francisco from 1872
**[[John (Mitropolsky) of the Aleutians|John (Mitropolsky)]] 1870-1876
**[[Nestor (Zakkis) of the Aleutians|Nestor (Zakkis)]] 1879-1882
**[[Vladimir (Sokolovsky-Avtonomov) of the Aleutians|Vladimir (Sokolovsky-Avtonomov)]] 1888-1891
**[[Nicholas (Ziorov) of Warsaw|Nicholas (Ziorov)]] 1891-1898
**[[Tikhon of Moscow|Tikhon (Bellavin)]] 1898-1900
*'''Diocese of Aleutian Islands and North America'''
*Change in the name of the diocese in 1900
*See: New York from 1905
*'''New York''': Tikhon (Bellavin) 1900-1907
*Vicariates: First Vicariates established 1903: Alaska and Brooklyn
*Alaska: Innocent (Pustynsky) 1904-1909
*Brooklyn: [[Raphael of Brooklyn|Raphael (Hawaweeny)]] 1904-1915
*Alaska: [[Alexander (Nemolovsky) of Brussels|Alexander (Nemolovsky)]] 1909-1915
*Canada: Alexander (Nemolovsky) 1916-1919
*'''New York''': [[Platon (Rozhdestvensky) of New York|Platon (Rozhdestvensky)]] 1907-1914
*Alaska: Philip (Stavitsky) 1916-1917
*'''New York''': [[Evdokim (Meschersky) of the Aleutians|Evdokim (Mischersky)]] 1915-1917
*Pittsburgh: [[Stephen (Dzubay) of Pittsburgh|Stephen (Dzubay)]] 1916-1924
*Brooklyn: [[Aftimios Ofiesh|Aftimios (Ofiesh)]] 1917-1933
*'''New York''': Alexander (Nemolovsky) 1919-1922
*'''New York''': Platon (Rozhdestvensky) 1922-1934
*Chicago: [[Theophilus (Pashkovsky) of San Francisco|Theophilus (Pashkovsky)]] 1922-1931
*Alaska: Amphilokhy (Vakulsky) 1923-1931?
*Canada/Winnipeg: [[Apollinary (Koshevoy) of San Francisco|Apollinary (Koshevoy)]] 1924-1925
*Canada/Winnipeg: [[Arseny (Chavtsov) of Winnipeg|Arseny (Chavtsov)]] 1926-1937
*Canada/Montreal: Emmanuel (Abo-Hatab) 1927-1933
*San Francisco: Alexis (Panteleev) 1927-1931
*Detroit: Paul (Gavrilov) 1928-1933
*San Francisco: [[Theophilus (Pashkovsky) of San Francisco|Theophilus (Pashkovsky)]] 1931-1934
*Alaska: Antoninos (Pokrovsky) 1931-1934
*Brooklyn: Emmanuel (Abo-Hatab) 1931-1935?
*Chicago: Paul (Gavrilov) 1933-1933
*Chicago: [[Leonty (Turkevich) of Chicago|Leonty (Turkevich)]] 1933-1950
*Pittsburgh: [[Benjamin (Basalyga) of Pittsburgh|Benjamin (Basalyga)]] 1933-1946
*Alaska: Alexis (Panteleev) 1934-1944
*'''New York''': Theophilus (Pashkovsky) 1934-1950
*Boston: [[Makary (Ilyinsky) of New York|Makary (Iliyinsky)]] 1935-1937
*Canada/Eastern Canada: Jeronim (Chernov) 1936-1937
*Brooklyn: Makary (Iliyinsky) 1937-1946
*Canada/Calgary: Joasaph (Skorodumov) 1938-1946
*Alaska: John (Zlobin) 1945-1952
*Tokyo: Benjamin (Basalyga) 1946-1952
*Brooklyn: [[John (Shahovskoy) of San Francisco|John (Shahovskoy)]] 1947-1950
*Philadelphia: [[Nikon (de Greve) of Brooklyn|Nikon (de Greve)]] 1948-1952
*Detroit/Cleveland: [[John (Garklavs) of Chicago|John (Garklavs)]] 1949-1957
*'''New York''': Leonty (Turkevich) 1950-1965
*San Francisco: John (Shahovskoy) 1950-1973
*Washington, DC: Jonah (?) 1951-1955
*Pittsburgh: Benjamin (Basalyga) 1952-1963
*Canada/Toronto: Nikon (de Greve) 1952-1958
*Tokyo: [[Ireney (Bekish) of New York|Ireney (Bekish)]] 1953-1959
*Alaska: Amvrossy (Merejko) 1955-1967
*Chicago/Minneapolis: John (Garklavs) 1957-1978
*Tokyo: Nikon (de Greve) 1959-1963
*Boston: Ireney (Bekish) 1960 - 1965
*Canada/Montreal: Anatoloy (Apostlov) 1961-1962
*Washington, DC: [[Kiprian (Borisevich) of Philadelphia|Kiprian (Borisevitch)]] 1961-1964
*Kyoto: [[Vladimir (Nagosky) of San Francisco|Vladimir (Nagosky)]] 1962-1964
*Canada/Montreal: [[Sylvester (Haruns) of Montreal|Sylvester (Haruns)]] 1963-1981
*Philadelphia: [[Kiprian (Borisevich) of Philadelphia|Kiprian (Borisevitch)]] 1964-1980
*Tokyo: [[Vladimir (Nagosky) of San Francisco|Vladimir (Nagosky)]] 1964-1972
*'''New York''': Ireney (Bekish) 1965-1977
*Washington, DC: [[Theodosius (Lazor) of Washington|Theodosius (Lazor)]] 1967
*Sitka/Alaska: Theodosius (Lazor) 1967-1972
*Pittsburgh: Amvrossy (Merejko) 1967-?
*Canada/Edmonton: Joasph (Antoniuk) 1968-1978
*Berkeley: [[Dmitri (Royster) of Dallas|Dimitri (Royster)]] 1969-1970
The [[Tomos]] of [[Autocephaly]], signed [[April 10]], 1970, by [[Patriarch]] [[Alexei I (Simansky) of Moscow|Alexis of Moscow]], formally ended the mission and granted self-rule to the Russian North American diocese.
*[[Bishop of San Francisco]]
*''Orthodox America 1794-1976 Development of the Orthodox Church in America'', C. J. Tarasar, Gen. Ed. 1975, The Orthodox Church in America, Syosett, New York
[[Category:Orthodoxy in America]]
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