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José (Cortés y Olmos) of Mexico City

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His Grace the Right Reverend Bishop '''José (Cortés y Olmos) of Mexico City''' was the first [[bishop]] of the [[OCA]]'s [[Exarchate of Mexico (OCA)|Exarchate of Mexico]]. Bp. José had been bishop of the Mexican National Catholic Church, a Mexican reactionary movement away from the "colonialist" Spanish [[Roman Catholic Church]]. He led his church to Orthodox Christianity, petitioning the [[Orthodox Church in America]] in 1971 for acceptance. After he and his [[clergy]] were accepted as Orthodox [[priest]]s, he was consecrated Bishop of Mexico City in 1972 to lead his community as an [[exarchate]] of the OCA. ==Life==The future Bishop José was born in Santa Teresa, Guanajuato, México on [[August 5]], 1923, into a devout Roman Catholic family. His father was Juan José Cortés and his mother María del Refugio Olmos. He began his education in the Santa Teresa Federal School before entering a Jesuit middle school and then a Jesuit [[seminary]]. He continued his higher theological education in Barcelona, Spain and in Rome, Italy receiving a Doctorate in Canon Law. After completing his education he moved to Havana, Cuba, where he taught at the Jesuit College of Belén (Spanish for ''Bethlehem'' and a fairly common city name). He also was a leader in Cuba in the "Catholic Youth Action" and served local parishes. He became dissatisfied with the Roman Catholic Church and in 1950 joined the Mexican National Catholic Church. The Mexican National Church had its origins in Mexican reaction to Spanish colonialism. In 1961, he was elected bishop of the National Church. Over the ensuing years, Bishop José and his community learned of the ancient faith of the Orthodox Christians and in 1971 petitioned the newly [[autocephalous]] Orthodox Church in America for acceptance of his community and clergy into the Orthodox Church. He was received into the new Exarchate of Mexico with his clergy and community, he and his priests as priests. He then participated in studies at [[St. Vladimir's Orthodox Theological Seminary (Crestwood, New York)|St. Vladimir's Seminary]] before his [[consecration]] as Bishop of Mexico City at the Holy Virgin Protection Cathedral in New York City on [[April 22]], 1972. He thus became the first bishop of an indigenous Orthodox Church in Mexico. In addition to his duties in Mexico, during the early years after his consecration, Bp. José traveled under the guidance of Bp. [[Dmitri (Royster) of Dallas|Dmitri of Hartford]], who had been appointed Exarch of the Mexican Church, participating for experience in [[parish]] level life in the United States. Bp. José reposed in the Lord in the 1980s after fighting cancer. It was not until 2005 that a successor to Bp. José was consecrated when [[Archimandrite]] [[Alejo (Pacheco-Vera) of Mexico City|Alejo (Pacheco-Vera)]] was consecrated Bishop of Mexico City on [[May 28]], 2005, at [[St. Tikhon's Orthodox Monastery (South Canaan, Pennsylvania)|St. Tikhon's Orthodox Monastery]] in South Canaan, Pennsylvania.  {{start box}}{{succession|before=&mdash;|title=Bishop of Mexico City<br>(OCA)|years=1972-198x|after=[[Alejo (Pacheco-Vera) of Mexico City|Alejo (Pacheco-Vera)]]}}{{end box}} == Source==* ''Orthodox America 1794-1976 Development of the Orthodox Church in America'', C. J. Tarasar, Gen. Ed. 1975, The Orthodox Church in America, Syosett, New York==External link==*[ 25th anniversary of the repose of Bishop José (Cortes y Olmos)] - [[OCA]] website [[Category:Bishops]]LOL INTERNET

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