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New Testament Canon

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LOL INTERNETThe '''New Testament Canon''' is the collection of books that make up the [[New Testament]], which has been accepted and formally approved by the Church. ==History==By the end of the 1st century, some letters of Paul were collected and circulated. We know this through references by [[Clement of Rome]] (c. 95), [[Ignatius of Antioch]] (died 117), and [[Polycarp of Smyrna]] (c. 115). However, these texts weren't usually called [[Holy Scripture|Scripture]] as the [[Septuagint]] was, and they weren't without critics. Certain [[heretic]]s tried to deny the validity of many parts of the [[Canon]], particularly the Pauline epistles. In the late 4th century Epiphanius of Salamis (died 402) Panarion 29 says the Nazarenes had rejected the Pauline epistles; Irenaeus' ''Against Heresies'' 26.2 says the Ebionites rejected him. Acts 21:21 records a rumor that Paul aimed to subvert the [[Old Testament]] (see Romans 3:8, 31). 2 Peter 3:16 says his letters have been abused by heretics who twist them around "as they do with the other scriptures." In the 2nd and 3rd centuries [[Eusebius of Caesarea|Eusebius]]' ''Ecclesiastical History'' 6.38 stated the Elchasai "made use of texts from every part of the Old Testament and the Gospels; it rejects the Apostle (Paul) entirely"; 4.29.5 says Tatian the Assyrian rejected Paul's Letters and Acts of the Apostles; 6.25 says [[Origen]] accepted 22 canonical books of the Hebrews plus Maccabees plus the four [[Gospel]]s but Paul "did not so much as write to all the churches that he taught; and even to those to which he wrote he sent but a few lines." The Roman Emperor [[Constantine the Great]] (272-337) had a great effect on Orthodox Christianity. With his [[Edict of Milan]] in 313, Christians had more freedom and Church leadership took aggressive public stances. As a result, Church controversies now flared into public [[schism]]s, sometimes with violence. Constantine saw the quelling of religious disorder as the divinely-appointed emperor's duty and called the 314 [[Council of Arles of 314|Council of Arles]] against the [[Donatism|Donatists]] and the [[First Ecumenical Council]] to settle some of the doctrinal problems seen as plaguing early Christianity. A number of early Christian writings were lost or destroyed during this time.  {{incomplete}} === Books of the [[New Testament]] Canon ==={{New Testament Canon}} {| width="100%" align="center" cellpadding="2" border="0"| width="33%" align="left" valign="top"|*[[Gospel of Matthew]]*[[Gospel of Mark]]*[[Gospel of Luke]]*[[Gospel of John]]*[[Acts of the Apostles]]*[[Romans]]*[[I Corinthians]]*[[II Corinthians]]*[[Galatians]] | width="33%" align="left" valign="top"|*[[Ephesians]]*[[Philippians]]*[[Colossians]]*[[I Thessalonians]]*[[II Thessalonians]]*[[I Timothy]]*[[II Timothy]]*[[Book of Titus|Titus]]*[[Book of Philemon|Philemon]] | width="33%" align="left" valign="top"|*[[Book of Hebrews|Hebrews]]*[[Book of James|James]]*[[I Peter]]*[[II Peter]]*[[I John]]*[[II John]]*[[III John]]*[[Book of Jude|Jude]]*[[Book of Revelation|Revelation]] (Apocalypse)|}   [[Category:New Testament]][[Category:Scripture]] [[el:Κανόνας της Καινής Διαθήκης]]

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