The council was attended by the [[Apostles]] to decide how far Gentile converts should be subject to the Law of [[Moses]]. The Council of Jerusalem was an exceptional gathering of leaders of the entire Church for which there was no parallel until the [[First Ecumenical Council]] at Nicaea, in 325.
At the Council, after everyone listened quietly as [[Apostle Barnabas|Barnabas]] and [[Apostle Paul|Paul]] tell about the miraculous signs and wonders God had done through them among the Gentiles, and advice offered by the [[Apostle Peter]] (Acts 15:7–11), [[Apostle James|James]], the leader of the [[Church of Jerusalem|Jerusalem Church]], gave his decision (later known as the "Apostolic Decree"):
: ''Wherefore my sentence is, that we trouble not them, which from among the Gentiles are turned to God: But that we write unto them, that they abstain from pollutions of idols, and fornication, and things strangled, and blood. For Moses of old time hath in every city them that preach him, being read in the synagogues every Sabbath day.'' (Acts 15:19–21)