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Liturgical colours

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Undo revision 116626 by Lubomir (talk)
'''Liturgical colors''' are those specific colors which are used for [[vestment]]s, [[Altaraltar]] covers, and [[Analogionanalogion]] covers within the context of services of the Church. The symbolism of colors may serve to underline moods appropriate to a season of the [[Church Calendar|liturgical year]] or may highlight a special occasion.
There is a distinction between the colour of the vestments worn by the [[clergy ]] and their [[Exorasson|Riassacassock]]s, which with a few exceptions does not change with the liturgical seasons.
==Byzantine Practicepractice==The [[Typikon]] itself does not specify a complex color scheme for vestments, but only for light or dark vestments. Many clergy who follow Byzantine practice have adopted the more complex color scheme that was developed in Slavic practice, but you will also see many diverse colors used in vestments that do not easily fit into the that scheme.
The [[Typikon]] itself does not specify ==Slavic practice=={{Cleanup|This section needs to combine its two articles into a complex color scheme for vestments, but only for light or dark vestmentswhole. Many clergy who follow Byzantine }}Slavic practice have adopted the more was influenced by western liturgical practice, and developed a fairly complex color scheme that was developed in Slavic practice, but you will also see though there are a lot number of diverse colors used in vestments that do not easily fit into the that schemevariations based on regional or local customs.
==Slavic Liturgical Colors==The most authoritative description of the Russian liturgical color scheme is found in Bulgakov's ''Nastol'naya Kniga Sviashchenno-sluzhitelia'' (''Reference Book for Priestly Church Servers'').
Slavic practiceThe most important [[feast]]s of the Orthodox Church and the sacred events for which specific colors of vestments have been established can be united into six basic groups:#The group of feasts and days commemorating Our Lord [[Jesus Christ]], the [[prophet]]s, the [[apostles]] and the holy [[hierarch]]s. Vestment color: gold (yellow) of all shades.#The group of feasts and days commemorating the most holy [[Mother of God]], was influenced by western liturgical practicethe [[angels|bodiless powers]], and developed [[Virgin-Martyr|virgins]]. Vestment color: light blue or white.#The group of feasts and days commemorating the [[Cross]] of our Lord. Vestment color: purple or dark red.#The group of feasts and days commemorating [[martyr]]s. Vestment color: Red. [On Great and [[Holy Week|Holy Thursday]], dark red vestments are worn, even though the church is still covered with black and the holy ([[altar]]) table is covered with a fairly complex white cloth.]#The group of feasts and days commemorating [[monastic|monastic saints]], ascetics, and [[fool-for-Christ|fools for Christ]]. Vestment color scheme: green.<br>The Entrance of our Lord into Jerusalem ([[Palm Sunday]]), [[Holy Trinity]] Day ([[Pentecost]]), though there and [[Holy Spirit]] Day (Monday after Pentecost) are , as a number rule, celebrated in green vestments of all shades.#During the Lenten periods, the vestment colors are: dark blue, purple, dark green, dark red, and black. This last color is used essentially for the days of [[Great Lent]]. During the first week of variations based that Lent and on regional the weekdays of the following weeks, the vestment color is black. On Sundays and feast days of this period, the vestments are of a dark color with gold or local customscoloured ornaments.
The most authoritative description of the Russian liturgical color scheme is found Funerals, as a rule, are done in Bulgakovs's "Nastol'naya Kniga Sviashchenno-sluzhitelia" (Reference Book for Priestly Church Servers):white vestments.
The most important Feasts of Note: In earlier times, there were no black vestments in the Orthodox Church , although the everyday clothing of the clergy, especially the monastics, was black. In ancient times, both in the Greek and in the Russian Churches, the clergy wore, according to the Typikon, "Crimson Vestments": dark (blood) red vestments. In Russia, it was first proposed to the sacredevents for which specific colors clergy of St. Petersburg to wear black vestments have been established, can be united into six basic groupsif possible, to participate in the funeral of Emperor Peter II (1821). From that time on, black vestments became customary for funerals and the services of Great Lent.
1White is worn for the feasts and post-feasts of [[Epiphany]], [[Transfiguration]], and [[Pascha]]. The group In antiquity, [[Christmas]] and Epiphany were celebrated as one feast, the Theophany of Feasts and days commemorating Our the Lord JesusChrist, the Prophetsso, in some places, white is worn on Christmas Day, but gold is worn from the Apostles and the Holy Hierarchs. Vestmentcolor: Gold (yellow)second day of all shadesChristmas until Epiphany.
2In Russia, at [[Liturgy]] on Holy Thursday, a white altar cover is used to represent the linen tablecloth of the Mystical Supper [the priest wears dark red, and the church remains in black until after Liturgy, when the priest's vestments return to black]. The group church cloths and the vestments of Feasts and days commemorating the Most priest are changed to white at the [[prokeimenon]] of Holy Motherof GodSaturday Liturgy. In Muscovite custom, white is worn for Paschal [[Matins]], bright red is worn at Pascha Liturgy. In some places white is worn from [[Ascension]] to Pentecost. In Carpatho-Russian style, white, exclusively, is worn in the Bodiless Powers and VirginsPaschal season. Vestment White, the color: Light Blue of the [[Resurrection]], is worn at funerals and Whitememorial services.
3Green is worn for Pentecost and its post-feast, feasts of prophets, and angels. The group In some places, green is worn for the [[Elevation of Feasts and days commemorating the Holy Cross of OurLord]] in September. In Carpatho-Russian practice, green is worn from Pentecost until [[Apostles Fast|Ss. Peter and Paul fast]].Vestment color: Purple or Dark RedGreen is often worn for Palm Sunday.
4. The group of Feasts Gold is worn from Christmas to Epiphany, and days commemorating Martyrsin some places, during Advent. Vestmentcolor:RedGold is worn when no other colour is specified. [On Great and Holy ThursdayIn one tradition, Dark Red vestments are gold is wornon all Sundays (except when white is worn),including even though the church is still covered with black and Sundays in all the Holy (Altar) Table is covered with a white clothfasting periods.]
5Red is worn for Ss. The group Peter and Paul fast, Ss. Peter and Paul feast, for [[Advent]], for the angels, the Elevation of Feasts and days commemorating Monastic Saintsthe Cross ([[September 14]]),Ascetics and Fools for Christfeasts of martyrs. Vestment color: GreenIn Moscow's style, and on [[Mount Athos]] and at Jerusalem, bright red is worn on Pascha [after Matins] and on the Nativity.
The Entrance Blue is worn for all feasts of the Virgin, Presentation of Our the Lord into Jerusalem , Annunciation, and sometimes on the fifth Friday of Lent (Palm Sunday[[Akathist]]). In Carpatho-Russian parishes, Holy TrinityDay(Pentecost) blue is worn for the [[Dormition]] fast and Holy Spirit Day (Monday after Pentecost) arefeast, as aruleand is worn until the Cross Elevation,celebrated in Green vestments of all shadessometimes even until Advent.
6. During the Lenten periods, the vestment colors are: Dark Blue,Purple, Dark Green, Dark Red and Black. This last color is usedessentially for the days worn on weekends of Great Lent; black is worn weekdays. During the first week In some places, purple is worn on weekdays of thatLent and (gold on the weekdays of the following weeks, the vestment color is Black. On Sundays and Feastdays of this period, the vestments are of a dark color with Gold or coloued ornamentsweekends).
FuneralsBlack is worn for weekdays in Lent, especially the first week of Lent and in Holy Week. In Carpatho-Russian, formerly [[Uniat]] [[parish]]es, black is worn on weekdays for funerals and memorial services and Liturgies, as a rule, are is done in White vestmentsthe Roman Church, though this is not universally true any more.
But note: In earlier times, there were no Black vestments Orange or rust is worn in the Orthodox Church, although the everyday clothing of the clergy, especially the Monastics, was Blacksome places for Ss. In ancient timesPeter and Paul fast, both in the Greek and in the Russian Churches, the clergy wore, according to the Typikon, "Crimson Vestments": Dark (Blood) Red vestmentsother places for Ss. In Russia, it was first proposed to the clergy of Saint Petersburg to wear Black Vestments, if possible, to participate in the Funeral of Emperor Peter II (1821). From that time on, Black Vestments became customary for Funerals and Paul feast through the Services of Great LentTransfiguration.
White is worn for Please note that when we say "feast," we include the period from the vigil of the feasts and feast until its apodosis. The length of these post-feasts of Epiphany, Transfigurationvary, and Paschaare given in the Liturgical Calendar and Rubrics. In antiquityGenerally speaking, Christmas andEpiphany were celebrated as one there is a post-feast, Theophany of about a week for each of the Lord, so[[Great Feasts|twelve major feasts]]. As you can see, there is great variety insome places, White is worn on Christmas day, but Gold is worn from the second day ways of Christmas until Epiphanydoing things.
In Russia, at Liturgy on Holy Thursday, a white altar cover is used to represent the linen tablecloth of the Last Supper ==Sources==*[the priest wears dark red, and the church remains in black until after Liturgy, when the priest's vestments return to black]http://en. The Church and the vestments of the priest are changed to white at the prokeimenon of Holy Saturday Liturgywikipedia. In Muscovite custom, white is worn for Paschal Matins, bright red is worn at Pascha Liturgyorg/w/index. In some places white is worn from Ascension to Pentecost. In Carpatho-Russian style, white, exclusively, is worn in the Paschal season. White, the color of Resurrection, is worn at funerals and memorial services. Green is worn for Pentecost and its post-feast, feasts of prophets,and angels. In some places, green is worn for the Elevation of the Cross in September. In Carpatho-Russian practice, green is worn from Pentecost until Saints Peter and Paul Lent. Green is often worn for Palm Sunday. Gold is worn from Christmas to Epiphany, and in some places, duringAdvent. Gold is worn when no other colour is specified. In one tradition, gold is worn on all Sundays (except when white is worn), including even the Sundays in all the fasting periods. Red is worn for SS Peter and Paul lent, SS Peter and Paul feast, forAdvent, for the Angels, Elevation of the Cross (Sept 15), and for feasts of Martyrs. In Moscow style, and on Mount Athos and at Jerusalem, bright red is worn on Pascha [after Matinsphp?title=Liturgical_colours&oldid=214330650 Wikipedia: Liturgical Colors] and on the Nativity.  Blue is worn for all feasts of the Virgin, Presentation of the Lord,Annunciation, and sometimes on the fifth Friday of Lent (Akathist). In Carpatho-Russian parishes, blue is worn for Dormition fast and feast, and is worn until Cross Elevation, sometimes even until Advent. Purple is worn on weekends of Lent (black is worn weekdays). In someplaces, purple is worn on weekdays of Lent (gold on weekends). Black is worn for weekdays in Lent, especially the first week ofLent and in Holy Week. In Carpatho-Russian, formerly Uniat parishes,black is worn on weekdays for funerals and memorial services andliturgies, as is done in the Roman Church, though this is notuniversally true any more. Orange or rust is worn in some places for SS Peter and Paul fast,and in other places for SS Peter and Paul feast through Transfiguration. Please note that when we say 'feast', we include the period from thevigil of the feast until it's apodosis, or 'putting away,' usuallycalled the *'post-feast'. The length of these post-feasts vary, and are given in the Liturgical Calendar and Rubrics. Generally speaking, there is a post- feast of about a week for each of the twelve major feasts. As you can see, there is great variety in ways of doing things.<ref> Nastol'naya Kniga Sviashchenno-sluzhitelia'', by S. V. Bulgakov, Volume 4, Moscow,1983, Translated translated in "The Messenger" of St. Andrew's Russian Orthodox Cathedral,Philadelphia, June, July-August, September, 1990.</ref> ==Notes==<div class="small"><references /></div>
==See also==
*[[W:Liturgical colors|Wikipedia: Liturgical Colors]]
*[[Liturgical objects]]
*[[Vestments and Church Supplies]]
[[Category:Liturgical objects]]
[[Category:Vestments|*]] [[ro:Culori liturgice]]
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