born in Antioch, studied Greek philosophy, medicine, and art in his youth. St. Luke came to Jerusalem where he came to believe in the [[Jesus|Lord]]. He and [[Apostle Cleopas|Cleopas]] met the [[resurrection|resurrected]] Lord on the road to Emmaus (Luke 24).
After [[Pentecost]], Luke returned to Antioch and worked with the Apostle Paul, traveling with him to Rome, and [[conversion|converting]] [[Judaism|Jews]] and [[pagan]]s to the Christian Faith. "Luke, the beloved physician, ... greets you," writes the Apostle Paul to the Colossians ([[Colossians]] 4:14). At the request of Christians, St. Luke wrote his [[Gospel]] in the first century. According to some accounts this [[Timeline of Church History|took place]] around 60 A.D., and according to others around 80 A.D. After St. Paul's [[martyr]]dom, St. Luke preached the Gospel throughout Italy, Dalmatia, Macedonia, and other regions. He painted icons of the Most-holy Theotokos—not just one, but three—as well as icons of the Holy Apostles [[Apostle Peter|Peter]] and Paul. For this reason, St. Luke is considered the founder of Christian iconography. In his old age, he visited Libya and Upper Egypt; from Egypt he returned to Greece, where he continued to preach and convert many with great zeal despite his age.
In addition to his Gospel, St. Luke wrote the [[Acts of the Apostles]] and dedicated each of these works to Theophilus, the governor of Achaia. Luke was 84 years old when the wicked idolaters tortured him for the sake of Christ and hanged him from an olive tree in the town of Thebes, in
Boethia. His [[miracle]]-working relics were transported to Constantinople during the reign of Emperor Constantius, the son of Constantine.
St. Luke wrote the first [[icon]], of the Most Holy [[Theotokos]] ''Directress'' or ''Hodigitria'', mentioned in the [[Paraklesis]] to the Theotokos:
:''Luke the Evangelist.
::—[http://www.goarch.org/en/chapel/learntochant/paraklesis.asp The Service of the Small Paraklesis] ([[GOARCH]])