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Lazar of Serbia

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The holy, glorious and right-victorious Great [[Martyr]] '''Lazar, Prince of Serbia''' ('''Свети Великомученик кнез Лазар''', also ''Lazarus'', or ''Lazar of Kosovo'') was one of the Serbian noblemen who ruled the Serbian empire after the death of Emperor Dušan. After death of Emperor St. Uroš V([[December 2]]), Lazar was ''de facto'' ruler of Serbia. He died for Christ's name on [[June 15]], 1389. His [[feast day ]] is [[June 15]]/[[June 28]].
==Life==
Lazar was born in Prilepac, which is near Novo Brdo, in 1329, the son of the imperial chancellor Pribac Hrebeljanović. He was educated at Emperor Dušan's court in Prizren. He was later granted the high title ''knez'' ("prince" in Serbian) by DusanDušan's successor St. Emperor Stefan Uroš V. Despite his imperial title, Uroš was a weak and ineffectual leader, allowing local nobles to gain power and influence at the expense of the central authority. Lazar remained a loyal vassal to Stefan Uros V.
After the death of the emperor, Lazar became a central figure in Serbia. He called, together with his son-in-law Đurađ Stracimirović, a [[Holy Synod|synod]] that elected a new [[patriarch]], Saint [[Ephraemof Pec|Ephraem]]. Lazar sent a delegation to [[Constantinople]] with the [[monk]] Isaiah to implore the patriarch to heal the Serbian-Constantinople [[Schism ]] of 1352. In 1375, full [[communion ]] between Peć and Constantinople was restablished re-established in St. the Holy Archangels [[Monastery]] on the grave of Emperor Dušan.
St. Lazar restored the monasteries of [[Chilandari Monastery (Athos)|Hilandar]] on [[Mount Athos]] and Gornjak. He built Ravanica and Lazarica in Kruševac and was a benefactor of the Russian monastery of St. Pantaleon on [[Mount Athos|Mt. Athos]], as well as many other [[church]]es and monasteries.
==Marriage and Familyfamily==Lazar married Milica (Venerable Euphrosine of Serbia) around 1353. Milica was a relative of Emperor Dušan. She was a daughter of Prince Vratko (кнез Вратко), who was a great-grandson of Vukan Nemanjic. Vukan himself was the eldest son of [[Simeon the Myrrh-flowing|Stefan Nemanja]]. Lazar and Milica had seven children:
# Mara (Марa), died on [[April 12]], 1426. She married Vuk Brankovic around 1371.
# St. Stefan Visoki (Свети Стефан Високи), born in 1375 and died on [[July 19]], 1427. He was prince from 1389 to 1402 and despot from 1402 to 1427. In 1405, he married Jelena, daughter of Francesco Gattilusio (1384-1404). He is buried in Manasija Monastery.
# Vuk (Вук), prince. He was executed by the Turks on [[July 6]], 1410.
# Dragana (Драгана), died before July 1395. She married the Bulgarian Tsar Ivan Shishman around 1386.
# Jelena (Јелена), died March 1443. She was married to:
## Đurađ Stracimirović (Ђурађ Страцимировић)
## Sandalj Hranić[2] (Сандаљ Хранић)
# Olivera (Оливера), born 1372 and died after 1444, married Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I in 1390.
== Battle of Kosovo ==
Lazar fought against the Turkish powers on several occasions in order to protect his people. Finally, he fought the Turkish Emperor Amurat and lost on the Field of Blackbirds [Kosovo Polje] on [[June 15]], 1389. Afterwards he was beheaded.
His [[relics|body]] was translated and interred in Ravanica, in his memorial [[church]] near Ćuprija, and later was translated to Sisatovac in Srem. From there, during World War II, his body was translated to Belgrade and placed in the Cathedral Church of the Holy [[Archangel Michael]]. In 1989, on the occasion of the six-hundredth anniversary of his [[martyr]]dom, St. Lazar's relics were again translated to the [[Monastery]] of Ravanica in Ćuprija (Central Serbia - Uža Srbija). It rests there today incorrupt and extends comfort and healing to all those who turn to him with [[prayer]].
 
==Source==
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lazar_of_Serbia&oldid=116497685 ''Lazar of Serbia'' on Wikipedia]
==External links==
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